Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the transgressions of the minor vow of non-stealing which is verse 7.27 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 27 of the chapter The Five Vows and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 7.27 - The transgressions of the minor vow of non-stealing

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 7.27:

स्तेनप्रयोगतदाहृतादानविरुद्धराज्यातिक्रमहीनाधिक मानोन्मानप्रतिरूपकव्यवहाराः ॥ ७.२७ ॥

stenaprayogatadāhṛtādānaviruddharājyātikramahīnādhika mānonmānapratirūpakavyavahārāḥ || 7.27 ||

Prompting another to steal–stenaprayoga, receiving stolen goods–stena āhṛtādāna, buying against the law–viruddharājyātikrama, using false weights and measures–hīnādhikamānonmāna, and deceiving others with artificial or imitation goods–pratirūpakavyavahāra, are the five transgressions of the third minor vow of non-stealing (acauryāṇuvrata). (27)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: चोरी के लिये चोर को प्रेरणा करना या उसका उपाय बताना, चोर से चुराई हुई वस्तु खरीदना, राज्य की आज्ञा के विरुद्ध चलना, देने-लेने के बाँट तराजू आदि कम-ज्यादा रखना और कीमती वस्तु में कम कीमत की वस्तु मिलाकर असली भाव से बेचना-ये अचौर्याणुव्रत के अतिचार हैं।

Anvayartha: cori ke liye cora ko prerana karana ya usaka upaya batana, cora se curai hui vastu kharidana, rajya ki ajna ke viruddha calana, dene-lene ke bamta taraju adi kama-jyada rakhana aura kimati vastu mem kama kimata ki vastu milakara asali bhava se becana-ye acauryanuvrata ke aticara haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

Prompting a person to steal, prompting him to do so through another, or approving of the theft, is the first transgression–stenaprayoga. The second–stena āhṛtādāna–is receiving stolen goods from a person whose action has neither been prompted nor approved by the recipient. This is a transgression as the goods have been taken otherwise than by just means. Buying against the law–viruddha-rājyātikrama–is to buy and sell contraband goods and not following the law in trade and commerce. Cheating others by use of false weights and measures in order to obtain more and give less is the fourth transgression–hīnādhikamānonmāna. Deceiving others with artificial gold, synthetic diamonds, and so on, is the fifth transgression pratirūpakavyavahāra. These five are the transgressions of the third minor vow of non-stealing (acauryāṇuvrata [acaurya-aṇuvrata]).

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