Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the nature of life-karmas (leading to birth as a celestial being) which is verse 6.20 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 20 of the chapter Influx of Karmas and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 6.20 - The nature of Life-Karmas (leading to birth as a celestial being)

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 6.20:

सरागसंयमसंयमासंयमाकामनिर्जराबालतपांसि दैवस्य ॥ ६.२० ॥

sarāgasaṃyamasaṃyamāsaṃyamākāmanirjarābālatapāṃsi daivasya || 6.20 ||

Restraint-with-attachment (sarāgasaṃyama), restraint-cum-non-restraint (saṃyamāsaṃyama), involuntary-dissociation (akāmanirjarā) and childish-austerities (bālatapa) cause the influx (āsrava) of life-karma (āyuḥ) leading to birth as a celestial-being (deva). (20)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [सरागसंयमसंयमासंयमाकामनिर्जराबालतपांसि] सरागसंयम, संयमासंयम, अकामनिर्जरा और बालतप [दैवस्य] ये देवायु के आस्रव के कारण हैं।

Anvayartha: [saragasamyamasamyamasamyamakamanirjarabalatapamsi] saragasamyama, samyamasamyama, akamanirjara aura balatapa [daivasya] ye devayu ke asrava ke karana haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

What is the cause of the influx of life-karma that leads to birth as a celestial being (deva)?

The first two have been explained. Persons confined or bound, or imprisoned are forced to endure hunger, thirst, continence, sleeping on the floor, dirt and distress without any inclination on their part. Still, these lead to dissociation of karmas. This is called involuntary dissociation (akāmanirjarā). ‘Bālatapa’ is the observance, by a person of perverted faith, of austerities involving unscientific affliction of the body and characterized by fraudulent conduct. These cause the influx of karmas leading to birth in all four orders of celestial beings (deva).

Are these alone the cause of the influx of life-karma that leads to birth as celestial beings (deva)? No.

[see next sūtra]

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