Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the nature of conduct-deluding karmas which is verse 6.14 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 14 of the chapter Influx of Karmas and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 6.14 - The nature of Conduct-deluding Karmas

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 6.14:

कषायोदयात्तीव्रपरिणामश्चारित्रमोहस्य ॥ ६.१४ ॥

kaṣāyodayāttīvrapariṇāmaścāritramohasya || 6.14 ||

Intense dispositions induced by the rise of the passions (kaṣāya) cause the influx (āsrava) of conduct-deluding (cāritramohanīya) karmas. (14)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [कषायोदयात्] कषाय के उदय से [तीव्रपरिणामः] तीव्र परिणाम होना सो [चारित्रमोहस्य] चारित्र मोहनीय के आस्रव का कारण है।

Anvayartha: [kashayodayat] kashaya ke udaya se [tivraparinamah] tivra parinama hona so [caritramohasya] caritra mohaniya ke asrava ka karana hai |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

The causes of the influx of the second variety of deluding (mohanīya) karmas, conduct-deluding (cāritramohanīya), are described now.

The passions (kaṣāya)–anger, pride, deceitfulness and greed–have already been described (sūtra 2-6 and 6-4). Rise is ripening. Intense dispositions owing to the rise of passions (kaṣāya) are the cause of the influx (āsrava) of the conduct-deluding (cāritramohanīya) karmas. Actuating passions in self, engendering passions in others, debasing the conduct of the ascetics, embracing the guise of an ascetic and vows with a distressed mind, and so on, lead to the influx of passions-feeling kaṣāyavedanīya–karmas. Then there are dispositions that lead to the influx of quasi-passions-feeling–akaṣāyavedanīya–karmas. Ridiculing right conduct, laughing at those in distress or misery, chuckling in wicked sport, excessive prattle and laughter, and so on, cause the influx of laughter–hāsya vedanīya–karmas. Desire for strange pleasures, disrelish of vows and minor vows, and so on, cause the influx of pleasure or liking–rati vedanīya–karmas. Promoting dissatisfaction in others, destroying the pleasures of others, association with the wicked, and so on, lead to the influx of disliking–arati vedanīya–karmas. Bewailing oneself, plunging others into sorrow, rejoicing at others’ lamentation, and so on, cause the influx of sorrow–śoka vedanīya–karmas. Engulfing self with fear, causing fear in others, and so on, lead to the influx of fear–bhaya vedanīya–karmas. Disgust at noble deeds and virtuous conduct, taking interest in slandering, and so on, cause the influx of disgust–jugupsā vedanīya karmas. Speaking what is untrue, playing tricks upon others, prying into others’ faults or weaknesses, intense attachment, and so on, cause the influx of the female-sex-inclination–strī vedanīya–karmas. Slight anger, mildness, contentment with one’s wife, and so on, cause the influx of the male-sex-inclination–puruṣa vedanīya–karmas. Great or intense passions, causing injury to concealed parts, assaulting other’s wife, and so on, lead to the influx of the neuter-sex-inclination–napuṃsaka vedanīya–karmas.

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