Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes birth by pontaneous generation (sammurcchana-janma) which is verse 2.35 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 35 of the chapter Category of the Living and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 2.35 - Birth by pontaneous generation (sammūrcchana-janma)

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 2.35:

शेषाणां सम्मूर्छनम् ॥ २.३५ ॥

śeṣāṇāṃ sammūrchanam || 2.35 ||

The birth of the rest is by spontaneous generation–sammūrcchanajanma. (35)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [शेषाणां] गर्भ और उपपाद जन्म वाले जीवों के अतिरिक्त शेष जीवों के [सम्मूर्च्छनम्] सम्मूर्च्छन जन्म ही होता है अर्थात् सम्मूर्छन जन्म शेष जीवों के ही होता है।

Anvayartha: [sheshanam] garbha aura upapada janma vale jivom ke atirikta shesha jivom ke [sammurcchanam] sammurcchana janma hi hota hai arthat sammurchana janma shesha jivom ke hi hota hai |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

The rest are those to whom embryonic birth and birth in special beds do not apply. Spontaneous generation–sammūrcchana–is the mode of their birth. The three sūtra indicate rules which must be taken both ways. Thus, the garbhajanma pertains only to the three kinds of beings, jarāyuja, aṇḍaja and potaja. Or, the three kinds of beings, jarāyuja, aṇḍaja and potaja, have only the garbhajanma. The upapādajanma is only for the celestial and the infernal beings. Or, the celestial and the infernal beings have only the upapādajanma. And, the sammūrcchanajanma pertains to only the rest of the beings. Or, the rest of the beings have only the sammūrcchanajanma.

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