Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti)

by K. C. Lalwani | 1973 | 185,989 words

The English translation of the Bhagavati-sutra which is the fifth Jaina Agama (canonical literature). It is a large encyclopedic work in the form of a dialogue where Mahavira replies to various question. The present form of the Sutra dates to the fifth century A.D. Abhayadeva Suri wrote a vritti (commentary) on the Bhagavati in A.D. 1071. In his J...

Part 3 - Renounced, unrenounced, their distribution

Q. 33. Bhante! Are the living beings mūlaguṇa-renounced, uttaraguṇa-renounced or unrenounced?

A. 33. Gautama! The living beings are mūlaguṇa-renounced, also uttaraguṇa-renounced, also unrenounced.

Q. 34. Bhante! Are the infernal beings mūlaguṇa-renounced, and so on?

A. 34. Gautama! The infernal beings are neither mūlaguṇa-renounced, nor uttaraguṇa-renounced, but unrenouoced. And like this, till the four-organ beings. Five-organ beings, animals and men are like ordinary (aughika)[?] beings. The Vāṇavyantaras, the Jyotiṣkas and the Vaimānikas are like the infernal beings.

Q. 35. Bhante! Of the living beings who are either mūlaguṇa-renounced or uttaraguṇa-renounced or unrenounced, which ones are less, more, equal and especially more?

A. 35. Gautama! Smallest in number are beings who are mūlaguna-renounced; innumerably more than these are beings who are uttaraguṇa-renounced; and infinitely more than the latter are beings without renunciation.

Q. 36. Bhante! Among the five-organ sub-human beings (with mūlaguṇa-renunciation, till unrenounced),

which ones are less, more, equal and especially more?

A. 36. Gautama! Smallest in number are the five-organ animals with mūlaguṇa-renunciation; innumerably more than these are those with uttaraguṇa renunciation; and innumerably more than the latter are those without renunciation.

Q. 37. Bhante! What about men with mūlaguṇa-renunciation, etc., till especially more?

A. 37. Gautama! Men with mūlaguṇa-renunciation are the smallest in number; countable number of times more are men with uttaraguṇa-renunciation; and innumerably more than the latter are men without renunciation.

Q. 38. Bhante! Are the living beings renounced of the whole mūlaguṇa, or of a part thereof, or are they without renunciation?

A. 38. Gautama! The living beings are renounced of the whole mūlaguṇa, also of a part thereof; they are also without renunciation.

Q. 39. How about the infernal beings?

A. 39. Gautama! The infernal beings are neither renounced of the whole mūlaguṇa, nor of a part; they are without renunciation. And this holds, till four-organ beings.

Q. 40. And how about the five-organ sub-human beings?

A. 40. Gautama! The five-organ sub-human beings are not renounced of the whole mūlaguṇa, but are renounced of a part of it, and are also without renunciation. Men are like ordinary beings and the Vāṇavyantaras, the Jyotiṣkas and the Vaimānikas are like the infernal beings.

Q. 41. Bhante! Of the living beings renounced of the whole mūlaguṇa, of a part thereof and those without renunciation, which ones are less, more, equal and especially more?

A. 41. Gautama! Smallest in number are those who are renounced of the whole mūlaguṇa; innumerable times more are those renounced of a part thereof; and infinitely more are those without renunciation. This holds good, more or less, of the three species, exception being the five-organ sub-human beings, in which case, (as aforesaid), smaller in number are those renounced of a part mūlaguṇa, (not the whole), and innumerable times more than these are those without renunciation.

Q. 42. Bhante! Are the living beings renounced of the whole uttaraguṇa, or a part thereof, or are they without renunciation?

A. 42. Gautama! They may be all the three. This holds of the sub-human and human beings. The rest, till the Vaimānikas, are without renunciation.

Q. 43. And how about their distribution?

A. 43. More or less the same three as in statement one, till human beings.

Q. 44. Bhante! Are the living beings restrained, unrestrained or restrained-unrestrained (i.e., restrained in part)?

A. 44. Gautama! They are all the three, viz., restrained, unrestrained, restrained-unrestrained. Repeat on this topic what is contained In the Prajñāpaṇā Sutra (Pada 32), till the Vaimānikas. Their distribution as aforesaid.

Q. 45. Bhante! Are the living beings renounced, unrenounced or renounced-unrenounced, (i.e., renounced in part)?

A. 45. Gautama! All the three. And so are men, all the three. The sub-human beings do not take the first type (i.e., they are never renounced, but unrenounced or renounced in part). The rest, till the Vaimānikas, are unrenounced.

Q. 46. Bhante! How about the distribution of these?

A. 46. Gautama! Smallest in number are the renounced beings; innumerably more are those who are renounced in part; and infinitely more are those without renunciation. Among the five-organ sub-human beings, smaller in number are those who are renounced in part, and infinitely more are those without renunciation. Among human beings, smallest in number are those who are renounced; countable number of times more are those who are renounced in part; and innumerable times more are those without renunciation.

Notes (based on commentary of Abhayadeva Sūri):

(There is no commentary available for this section).

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