Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti)

by K. C. Lalwani | 1973 | 185,989 words

The English translation of the Bhagavati-sutra which is the fifth Jaina Agama (canonical literature). It is a large encyclopedic work in the form of a dialogue where Mahavira replies to various question. The present form of the Sutra dates to the fifth century A.D. Abhayadeva Suri wrote a vritti (commentary) on the Bhagavati in A.D. 1071. In his J...

Part 3 - Tidal bores in Salt Sea

Q. 84. Bhante! How is it that the Salt Sea has considerable rising tides and falling tides on the 14th and 8th days of the fortnight, on the full-moon day and on the new-moon day?

A. 84. On this, refer to the discussion on the Salt Sea in the Jīvābhigama Sūtra....till the location of sphere, the influence of sphere19.

Bhante! So they are. Glory be to the Lord!

So saying, Gautama paid his homage and obeisance to the Lord, and having done so, he withdrew to bis seat.

Chapter Three ends.

Notes (based on commentary of Abhayadeva Sūri):

19. The description in the Jīvābhigama Sūtra is as follows: In the Salt Sea, in four directions, there are four mahāpātāla kalaśas (subterranean giant-pitchers). One-third of each pitcher at the bottom contains air, one-third in the middle contains air and water and the remaining one-third at the top contains water only. These four pitchers are of a gigantic size. These apart, there are 7884 smaller pitchers called pātāla kalaśas. The big pitchers are 1,00,000 yojanas each and the small ones are 1000 yojanas each. Disturbances in these pitchers cause rising and falling tides in the Salt Sea.

On a point of enquiry from Gautama viz., why the Salt Sea did not wash but the whole of Jambū-dvīpa, Mahāvīra said,

“This does not happen because of the impact of the Jinas, and also because of the location of the sphere and the influence of the sphere.”

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