Triveni Journal

1927 | 11,233,916 words

Triveni is a journal dedicated to ancient Indian culture, history, philosophy, art, spirituality, music and all sorts of literature. Triveni was founded at Madras in 1927 and since that time various authors have donated their creativity in the form of articles, covering many aspects of public life....

Book Reviews

GANDHEYA CHARITAM: (The epic story of Mahatma Gandhi in Sanskrit); Vangapandu Lakshmi Naidu; Surabharathi Samiti, Osmania University Campus, Hyderabad 500 007; pp 118; Rs. 50/-

This book is a unique attempt at writing the story of Mahatma Gandhi in Sanskrit, by Sri Vangapandu Lakshmi Naidu, with an English translation by Sri B.V.L. Narayana Row, It has 6 kaandas, 16 sargas and 460 slokas and has been vetted by Vyakaranalankara Chakravarti Sri Appala Someswara Sarma (Retired faculty member of Andhra University ).

The division of kaandas as Balakaanda, Jyotirmaya kaanda, Swatantrya samara kaanda, Uttara kaanda, and Gandhi geeta kaanda has been apt. He follows the standard pattern of salutations to Rama, Ganesa and Saraswati, and the earlier poets from Valmiki down to his parents. He claims to have been inspired by the beauty of the Sanskrit language.

The sloka “Raghunaamanvayam vakshe” (12 sloka in Devatadistuti) closely follows that of Kalidasa in Ranghuvamsa.

The author claims to have mastered Sanskrit, Telugu and English languages and is a very talented writer. He refers to his grandfather (sloka 18) in the first person (shishya vatsalah) Sloka 20 appears to be a mix with prose.

He indulges in new Prayogas like “gairyanam”(S1.22) and “aviraseeth”. There have been prayogas contrary to the rules of prosody also at some places (S1.8) when he refers to his grand mother Papamma, and in the second sarga of Balakanda. And prayogas such as “nadad nadyapayah” and “udasraaya” are a little controversial. He compares Porbandar with Alakapuri and the description of “chaaturmasya” and “chaandraayanavrathas are a trifle lengthy.

His reference (S1.16, Jyotirmaya kaanda) to Gandhiji’s inheritance of intellect and eminence as one light getting lit up by another is very apt and conveys a universal truth.

It is a matter of pride and satisfaction that the writer displays not only his love for Sanskrit literature but has also produced a work that inspires patriotism and narrates the history of one of the greatest leaders of the world, Mahatma Gandhi, in Sanskrit. It is indeed a laudable effort and he deserves our applause and appreciation. And more so, as it is in a simple, easily understandable style. It is an adornment to any Library.

-Bhagavatula Lakshmanacharyulu.

ENGLISH

FIRES OF THE SEA, TENDERNESS OF THE DESERT; (A Collection of poems, translated from Arabic); Idris M. Tayeb; Samkeelan Prakashan, 2762, Rajguru Marg, Pahar Gunj, New Delhi,110055; PP 60; Rs 500 or US 30.

This is a collection of poems in Arabic, translated by the author himself, and profusely illustrated by Ms Kanchan Chander.  The book is dedicated to the two men of our century, Mahatma Gandhi, a peaceful fighter and Nelson Mandela, the violent peacemaker.  As rightly put by Mr. Keshav Malik, this is a whiff of fresh air, like the ozonous breath of lived experience in the world of poetry.

The title itself is a paradox as life itself“Those absent are strongly present / And some present are strongly absent” He strikes with forceful sentiments (A song to the Pincess Azania) (Azania is the original name of South Africa) as-
“We don’t live on the glory of the past
“We make our own”
“We own the face of this land alive
“We own the depth of this land dead”
“The flame is still living in the soil
“And hides from the eyes of the police in history books”
“And the bridle is an insult to free horses”

These not only depict the ferocious nationalism of Nelson Mandela who rotted in jail; and but also Benjamin Moloise, who was hanged.

He refers to the river and sea as masculine and earth as feminine.  Whenever the earth says that nothing can overwhelm me. / The river hugs its tears and fling (sic) himself into her bosom”.

The author, born in Libya, has been a poet, writer and diplomat in Tripoli, Rome and New Delhi. He is essentially an Arabic poet, and inspite of the grammatical changes made, it is claimed, that some are deliberately left to retain the original charm.  Perhaps, “We even seeks some help” or “hugs its tears and fling himself” are some such.  The word “ hand palm” used at several places is typical Arab-English as also standing “on” the crossroads.  “Here she is / Shining / Rising towards the commence of her reveal”, “she thanked me with her personal look of her

It is an exhilarating experience to go through Mr. Tayeb’s poetry. The hook is lavishly produced and the surrealistic pictures add to the mystery of the thought. Kudos to Mr. Tayeb on his excellent production.
- Vemaraju Narasimha Rao.

Philosopher’s Dilemma: T. Satyanarayana Rao; Panchajanya Publishers; Pp:178; Rs. 95/- U.S. $9
The book under review is a novel by Sri Satyanarayana Rao. The story is set in a typical South Indian ground and it revolves round a few middle-class families. The theme is refreshingly new and dwells on the values, beliefs, human relations and affections that exist among these people. The hero of the novel, Hari, nick-named ‘philosopher’, is a simple character with such true-to life identity that the readers are apt to develop an instant liking for him. Having been brought up under the benign care of his granny, he learns the simple values of our cultural heritage from her. Though she is a semi-literate, she often counsels him with the wisdom the years taught her. Hari’s mother, a widow, devotes all her life to his well-being. Both these women, who exercise a formative influence on his life, firmly believe that education is an essential factor for shaping his personality. They make compromises and even sacrifices and slog day and night for providing him the best education so that his future would be bright. Half-way through the novel we begin to identify ourselves with these characters because they seem to be present in our lives too. Most of us must have received similar love and affection from our own elders.

The story moves smoothly from one episode to the other, with the musings of the hero, interspersed with his dilemma which reminds us of Hamlet’s dilemma, “to be or not to be”. Hari falls in love with the rich, intelligent and beautiful Usha, his classmate. Being shy and insecure, he never expresses his love for her. Whenever Hari is in a dilemma, he goes to the polio-affected Gopal, for advice. Gopal used to analyse the problem, clear his doubts. However, Hari’s dilemma whether to express his love to Usha or not continues till the end as there are many twists and turns artistically woven into the theme. The author does not uncover the suspense till the end of the novel. The absorbing interest in the story tempts the reader to read the book in one-sitting. It makes an enjoyable reading. On account of plausibility and verisimilitude of the story the readers feel as if they too encountered similar incidents in their own lives at one point of time or the other.

The cover page is aesthetically designed. The book deserves to be in all the libraries and on the shelves of the bookstalls.
 - I. Satyasree.

Light and Shade; Govindaraju Sitadevi; Translated by D.Ranga Rao; Vishalandhra Publishing House, Abids, Hyderabad-01; Pp.118; Rs.75/-

The book under review is a translated version of the author’s popular Telugu novel ‘Velugu-Needa’. Smt. Govindaraju Sitadevi is one of the senior writers of Andhra Pradesh and has 21 novels and 300 short stories to her credit.

The novel revolves round two heroes, Rajasekhar and Chandrasekhar, the twin brothers. Though they are twins, they are entirely different in their appearance nature and attitudes.Chandrasekhar is handsome,educated and is an I.A.S officer. On the contrary Rajasekhar is dark complexioned and ungainly in appearance, and is looked down upon by everyone except his tender-hearted mother, who is always protective and supportive.

Chandrasekhar is the hero of the first half of the novel. However, Rajasekhar dominates the latter half. The author makes an excellent psycho-analysis of this character. Rajasekhar leaves a powerful impression on the minds of the readers. This book offers very good material for research scholars. The author’s use of the technique of retrospective narration lends an added charm to the story.

The novel makes an interesting reading with suspenseful moments as it contains all the elements of love and hate, misunderstandings between the hero and the heroine and a hint of mystery. It contains a message. The translation flows smoothly and makes the readers feel as if they are reading the original. The famous artist, Bapu’s cover design is an added grace to the novel.
- I. Satyasree
TELUGU

EDU PILLA (LA) NAVALALU; srimukha publications; kanchi residency; p & t colony, hyderabad-500060; 274 pp; Rs. 150/-

EDU PILLA (LA) NAVALALU is yet another and the latest series of short-stories for children from Dr. KRK Mohan, who needs no introduction and is well-known and well-respected for his literary work in this direction.

Especially written for children, though equally enjoyable by readers of all ages, these short-stories do make an exciting reading. Dr. Mohan has adapted a consistently simple language and a lucid style throughout his presentation, thus rendering the book a comfortable reading. The scenario in which each story revolves is so vividly and expertly handled that the reader will easily be able to visualize the happenings. Skillfully woven around an exciting plot with built-in thrill and suspense, each of these seven short-stories make a joyful reading. The stories are generously blended with popular Telugu proverbs and quotations giving the young reader an insight into their contextual meaning and relevance.

Dr. Mohan made a splendid presentation in his AYASKANTHA PARVATHA DWEEPAM, a picturesque piece of fiction. Through his heroic and exemplary child-characters in BHOOTH BANGLA and AA VOORI KATHA, he made his message clear to the reader: Significance of character-building, personality development and unwavering faith in the ultimate victory of good over evil, and the need for their inculcation in man right from his childhood. By focussing the central theme on the essential unity and love among people belonging to diverse religions, Dr. Mohan emphatically pointed to the vital need of the day: national integration, in his AA VOORI KATHA and OKA PALLE KATHA. He depicted sensitive child psychology very impressively in his PASI MANASULU. In his MARUVADAGANI YATRA, he gave a fascinating account of Hindu civilization and culture in all its glory which Alexander ‘The Great’ himself could not but admire and envy. He paid rich tributes to Rudrama Devi and her grandson Prathapa Rudradev for their glorious rule, in his fascinating historical episode, CHARITRALO OKA BANGARU PUTA. Undoubtedly EDU PILLA(LA) NAVALALU adds yet another feather in the cap of Dr. KRK Mohan, who deserves compliments for his commendable effort in bringing out this new book for children which are both refreshing and enriching. The reader will surely find it hard to leave this gripping series of short-stories unfinished.

  - Kambhampati Krishna Prasad.
NEEKUU NAAKUU NADUMA; Dr. S. Jyotsna Rani; Disa Pusthaka Kendram, Chikkadapally, Hyderabad; 113 pp; Rs. 60.

Dr. Jyotsna Rani undoubtedly possesses an in-born talent for identifying sensitive real-life situations for her stories and gives them a meaningful and compassionate treatment that can never fail to touch the depths of the reader’s heart. The situations are so realistic that, while reading her latest compilation of short-stories NEEKUU NAAKUU NADUMA, the matured reader feels compelled to recollect real-life situations that had already come across in one’s own life.

With a drop of common middle-class social scenario, some of these stories skillfully depict human weaknesses and erratic tendencies invariably followed by their damaging effects on life. The other stories, thoughtfully presented as a striking contrast, depict smooth-going happy life as an essential consequence of lofty ideals and expectations. This fascinating presentation of the two kinds of life that we invariably witness in our day to day life, and in total contrast with each other, is praiseworthy.

Most important… each one of these stories has a striking moral message to the reader. This compilation serves its powerful social purpose, acting as an eye-opener to many who are accustomed to living an illusory life. The writer adopts a simple and easy style in her language thus rendering these stories an easy reading for the common reader.

Dr. Sarat Jyotsna Rani deserves compliments for bringing out this booklet which is socially illustrative and aggressively instructive as well.
    - Kambhampati Krishna Prasad

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