Bhaktavijaya: Stories of Indian Saints

by Justin E. Abbott | 1933

This is the English translation of Bhaktavijaya which is a Marathi poem written by Mahipati in 40,000 lines. The text documents the legends of Indian saints from various backgrounds and extensively covers figures like Ekanath, Tukaram, and Ramadasa, highlighting their contributions to scholarship, philosophy, poetry, and social reform. The Bhaktavi...

14.5: Of Krishna obeying Vedic rules

83. The Husband of Rukmini having said this, the Brahmans replied, ‘We now understand perfectly that you are an ocean of goodness.

84. But the duties which have been prescribed in the Vedas should be performed by You. According to a man’s condition should be a man’s conduct

85. The first duty is the observance of caste rules. The rule of constantly keeping himself clean and speaking the truth, is the rule applicable to a Brahman.

86. Forgiveness and control of one’s sense are his austerities. He must have perfect compassion for all creatures. He should give thought unceasingly to the contemplation of Brahma.

87. In addition to his religious bath, his devotions, his worship of God and his constant sacrifices, he should study the Vedas with a satisfied mind.

88. He should perform well the worship of fire and of uninvited guests and the offering of food to God and he should give such an oblation to God, to Rishis, and to ancestors whereby God may be pleased.

89. In this way having performed the prescribed rules, he should then eat and in the third watch of the day he should listen with a satisfied mind to the Puranas.

90. With a mind full of joy he should put his trust in the words of the Vedas. You are equipped with all knowledge of goodness. Now think for yourself what is for your good.

91. If you throw aside what is your special duty, how can mankind be saved? If animals that live in the water leave it, then what way have they for remaining alive?

92. If an infant does not take its nourishment from its mother’s breast, it can have no other way of obtaining food. If a bird discards the space where can it go?

93. If the lotus will not look at the sun, how will it flower? If the bee does not partake of honey, how can it be made happy?

94. If a fly leaves the heap of sugar, how can it meet with happiness? So if a Brahman discards his own special duties, one sees disaster before him.

95. So putting aside your pride, make your mind pure through repentance. Perform those acts Which your reputation will increase in both worlds.

96. Go to the Chandrabhaga river, and there bathe accompanied by the rites of repeating the mantras. Give gifts of gold to the Brahmans and perform the punyahavachan [punyaha-avacana] (day-blessing ceremony).

97. Listen, you wise and expert One, and circumambulate the sacred city. By doing so, your family will become holy.

98. Only by doing this will your fault of eating what was left on Kama’s plate be put away.’

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