Vasudevavijaya of Vasudeva (Study)

by Sajitha. A | 2018 | 50,171 words

This page relates ‘Sandhi (b): Prakritibhavasandhi’ of the study on the Vasudevavijaya of Vasudeva from the 11th century A.D. The Vasudevavijayam is an educational poem belonging to the Shastra-Kavya category of technical Sanskrit literature. The Vasudevavijayam depicts in 657 verses the story of Lord Krishna while also elucidates the grammatical rules of the Ashtadhyayi of Panini (teaching the science of grammar). The subject-content of the poem was taken from the tenth Skandha of the Bhagavatapurana.

Sandhi (b): Prakṛtibhāvasandhi

In Prakṛtibhāva no combination is allowed even though changes are there to join. Pāṇini gives many rules for Prakṛtibhāva, where as Vāsudeva doesn't employs most of the rules regarding Prakṛtibhāva. Vāsudeva uses only two rules in respect of this group. The reason for the reluctance of employing Prakṛtibhāva rules in Vāsudevavijaya, is may be it is difficult to incorporate such rules in a poetry. But as it may the case, Vāsudeva gives illustrations for two rules for giving an idea regarding these rules to the students.

The rule pluptapragṛhyā aci nityam (6/1/125) is the first one regarding the Prakṛtibhāva. The pluta and the Pragṛhya vowels always remain unaltered when followed by a vowel.

This rule is illustrated in the verse,

dvaimāturādisurasaṃghatanorasoḍhurdaiteyadurvilasitāni gaveśvarasya |
ceto harervidadhatī padayorguṇaiḥ svaiḥ patyurmano'haradatho atulairvadhūḥ sā ||
(1/65 Vāsudevavijaya)

Here atho atulaiḥ is the example. The word atho in the verse, is a pragṛhya as per the rule ot (1/1/15). The final o of a particle is a pragṛhya. As it termed pragṛhya and the vowel a is followed, the Pragṛhya word remains unaltered. No change will take place here as per the rule plupragṛhyā aci nityam ||

Another rule regarding the Pratṛtibhāva is illustrated by Vāsudeva is ṛtyakaḥ (6/1/128). According to the opinion of Śākalya, the small vowel followed by retains its original form, and if the vowel is long, it is shortened.

Example for this rule given in Vāsudevavijaya is in the verse—

ānarca yo mahaṛṣīṃguṇasaṃpadā svaṃ paryaṣkarocca vidadhe ca matiṃ gavendre |
skunvandyulokamapi kīrtibhareṇa saiṣa tāmanvarudhyata kathaṃ sadṛśīṃ na śauriḥ ||

Mahaṛṣīn is the example. In the sate, mahā ṛṣīn, if vowel ā is followed by and hence by the application of this rule, the long ā is shortened and it remains its original form. Thus the form mahaṛṣīn ||

These two are the only examples for Prakṛtibhāva in Vāsudevavijaya In order to introduce the concept of Prakṛtibhāva Vāsudeva only quoted two citations for the benefit of beginners of this discipline.

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