Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas

by Goswami Mitali | 2018 | 68,171 words

This page relates ‘Sun-worship Vratas (12) Kalyana-saptami’ of the study on the Vedic influence of Sun-worship in the Puranas, conducted by Goswami Mitali in 2018. The tradition of observing Agnihotra sacrifice and the Sandhya, etc., is frequently observed among the Hindus. Another important innovation of the Sun-worship in the Puranas is the installation of the images of the Sun in the temples.—This section belongs to the series “Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Puranas”.

Sun-worship Vratas (12) Kalyāna-saptamī

The Kalyānasaptamīvrata is observed on the seventh day in the conjunction of bright fortnight and Sunday:

yadā tu śuklasaptamyāmādityasya dinaṃ bhavet/
sātu kalyāṇinīnāmā
vijayāca nigadyate//[1]

This vrata is also known by the name Vijayā. The Kalyānaptamīvrata lasts for a year. On the particular day of its observance, the worshipper bathes with cow’s milk in the morning and after that, wearing white garments, i.e. śuklavastra, makes a circle or eight-petalled Lotus with akṣatacūrṇa. After that, moving towards the east, one by one, worships the Sun-god with different names, e.g. Tapana, Mārtaṇḍa, Divākara, Vidhātṛ, Varuṇa, Bhāskara, Vikartana, Ravi, in the direction of East, Agni, South, Naiṛta, West, Vāyu, North and Iṣāna, respectively. At the end tilapātra and gold are offered to the Brāhmaṇa. On the thirteenth month, thirteen cows are gifted decorating with clothes and ornaments.[2]

Footnotes and references:


Ibid., 72; Padmapurāṇa, 1.21.216-235; Bhaviṣyapurāṇa, 4.48,1-16

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