Mudrarakshasa (literary study)

by Antara Chakravarty | 2015 | 58,556 words

This page relates ‘Use of Parisamkhya-alamkara’ of the English study on the Mudrarakshasa: an ancient Sanskrit dramatic play (Nataka) authored by Vishakhadatta which deals with the life of king Chandragupta. This study investigates the Mudra Rakshasa from a literary perspective, such as metrics, themes, rhetorics and other poetical elements. Chandragupta ruled the Mauryan Empire during the 4th century BCE, hence this text can also be studied as a historical textbook of ancient India.

3.23. Use of Parisaṃkhyā-alaṃkāra

[Full title: Use of Alaṃkāra in Mudrārākṣasa: Arthālaṃkāras, Nyāyamūlaka (or Nyāyamūla-varga) (3). Parisaṃkhyā]

Viśvanātha Kavirāja has defined Parisaṃkhyā-alaṃkāra in his Sāhityadarpaṇa as,—

praśnādapraśnato vāpi kathitādvastuno bhavet/
tādṛganyavyapohaścecchābda ārtho’thavā tadā// parisaṃkhyā

This means that if with or without question the very mention of an object with expression or implication leads to the negation or exclusion of some other similar thing or object, there is Parisaṃkhyā.

The use of Parisaṃkhyālaṃkāra can be seen here and there in the Mudrārākṣasa.

Cf. smṛtaṃ syāt putradārasya vismṛtasvāmibhaktinā/
caleṣvartheṣu lubdhena na yaśaḥsvanapāyiṣu//

“Forgetting his loyalty, and coveting fleeting wealth, Śakaṭadāsa only thought of his wife and children and not of unfading fame.”

Here the exclusion of unfading fame leads to Parisaṃkhyālaṃkāra. Besides, Act II.20; V.18,20; VI.7 are great examples of Parisaṃkhyā alaṃkāra in Mudrārākṣasa.

Footnotes and references:


Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.81

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