Malatimadhava (study)

by Jintu Moni Dutta | 2017 | 58,180 words | ISBN-10: 8120813057 | ISBN-13: 9788120813052

This page relates ‘_NOTES’ from the English study on the Malatimadhava of Bhavabhuti:—A Prakarana type of Drama in ten acts revolving around the love-story of Malati (from Padmāvatī) and Madhava (from Vidarbha). This study discusses the history of its author and the literary, social, religious, historical and cultural aspects of the Malatimadhava.

_NOTES

[1] tatra kecittaittirīyiṇaḥ kāśyapāścaraṇaguravaḥ paṅktipāvanāḥ pañcāgnayo/
dhṛtavratāḥ somapīthino udumbaranāmāno brahmavādinaḥ prativasanti /
Vide, Kale,M.R., (ed. &trans.) Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti, p.7

[2] te śrotriyāstatvaviniścayāya bhūri śrutaṃ śāśvatamādriyante /
iṣṭāya pūrtāya ca karmaṇearthāndārānpatyāya tapoarthamāyuḥ //
Ibid., I.5

[3] tadāmuṣyāyaṇasya tatra bhavataḥ sugṛhītanāmno bhaṭṭagopālasya pautraḥ pavitrakīrternīlakaṇṭhasyātmasaṃbhavobhaṭṭaśrīkaṇthapadalācñano
bhavabhūtirnāma jātukarṇīputraḥ //
Ibid.,I.p.8 4 śrīkaṇṭhapadalācñano bhavabhūtirnāma //
Ibid.

[4] śrīḥ sarasvatī kaṇṭhe yasya sa śrīkaṇṭhaḥ/
tadvācakaṃ padaṃ lāñchanaṃ ciḥnaṃ yasya saḥ/nāmnā śrīkaṇṭhaḥ/prasidhyā bhavabhūtirityarthaḥ//
Jagaddhara on Ibid.,p.8

[5] Cf., Mirashi, V.V., Bhavabhūti, His Date, Life and Works,p.57

[6] śrīkaṇṭhapadalācñanaḥ/
pitṛkṛtanāmedam/
bhavabhūtirnāma, sāmbā punātu bhavabhūtipavitramūrtiḥ ślokaracanāsaṃtuṣṭena rājāñbhavabhūtiriti khyāpitaḥ /
Vide, Karmakar, R.D., (ed. & trans.), Mālatīmādhava of-Bhavabhūti, Introduction,p.viii

[7] nāmnā śrīkaṇṭhaḥ prasidhyā bhavabhūtirityarthaḥ/
bhavabhūtiriti vyavahāre tasyevanāmāntaram/
Ibid.

[8] asti dakṣiṇāpathe vidarbheṣu padmapuraṃ nāma nagaram //
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.7

[9] padmanagaraṃ padmāvatī nāma prasidhau/
J agaddhara on Ibid.,p.7

[10] devarātena mādhavaṃ putramānvīkṣikīśravaṇāya kuṇḍinapurā dimāṃ padmāvatīṃprahiṣṇvatāsuvihitam /
Ibid.,I.p.14

[11] pārāsindhusaṃbhedamavagāhya nagarīmeva praviśāvaḥ /
Ibid.,IV.p.93

[12] yadvedādhyanaṃ tathopaniṣadāṃ sāṃkhyasya yogasya ca /
jāñnaṃ tatkathanena kiṃ nahi tataḥ kaścidguṇo nāṭake //
yatpauḍitvamudāratā ca vacasāṃ yaccārthato gauravaṃ /
taccedasti tatastadeva gamakaṃ pāṇḍityavaidagdhyayoḥ //
Ibid.,I.7

[13] Vide, Mirashi, V.V.,Op.cit.,p.59

[14] Uttararāmacarita,II.12

[15] Ṛgveda,IX.113.11

[16] na tasya rājyaṃ vyathate na bhraśyati na jīryati /
tvaṃ vidvān brāhmaṇo yasya rāṣtragopaḥ purohitaḥ //
Mahāvīracarita
,II.18

[17] kṣatreṇa kṣatraṃ jayati balena balamaśnute /
yasyaivaṃ brāhmaṇo vidvān rāṣṭragopaḥ purohitaḥ /
Aitereya Brāhmaṇa,VIII.25

[18] Kane,P.V.(ed.&trans.) Uttararāmacarita of Bhavabhūti, IV.p.88

[19] nanu mūrkhāḥ paṭhitameva yuṣmābhistatkāṇḍe /
kiṃ na paśyaya pratyekaṃ śatasaṃkhyāḥ kvacino daṇḍino niṣaṅgiṇaśca rakṣitāraḥ tatprāyameva balamindraṃ dṛśyate //
Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa,XIII,4,2,5

[20] andhatāmisrā hyasūryā nāma te lokāstebhyaḥ pratividhīyante ya ātmadhātinaḥ ityevamṛṣayomanyante /
Vide,Ray,Saradaranjan.(ed.&trans.)Bhavabhūti’s Uttaracharita,IV.p.380

[21] asuryā nāma te lokā andhena tamasāvṛtāḥ /
tāṃste pretyābhigachanti ye ke cātmanojanāḥ //
Īśopaniṣad
,323 arthavāda eṣaḥ /doṣaṃ tu kacñitkathaya yena sa pratividhīyate //
Vide, Kane,P.V.Op.,cit.I,p.26

[22] eko rasaḥ karuṇa eva nimittabhedādbhinnaḥ pṛthak pṛthagivāśrayate vivartān/
Ibid.,III.47
brahmaṇīva vivartānāṃ kvāpi vipralayaḥ kṛtaḥ/
Ibid.,VI.6

[23] Yogasūtra, I.13

[24] Mālatīmādhava,V.1,2

[25] auddhatyamāyojitakāmasūtram /
Ibid.,I.4

[26] yaśovarmādrivāhinyāḥ kṣaṇātkurvan viśoṣaṇam /
 
nṛpatirlalitādityaḥ pratāpādityatāṃ yayou //
Rājataraṅginī
,4.134

[27] matimānkānyakubjendraḥ pratyabhātkṛtyavedinām/
dīptaṃ yallalitādityaṃ pṛṣthaṃ datvā nyaṣevat //
Ibid.,4.135

[28] kavirvākpatirājasrībhavabhūtyadisevitaḥ /
jito yayou yaśorvarmā tadguṇastutivanditām //
Ibid.,4.144

[29] bhavabhūtijaladhinirgatakāvyāmṛtarasakaṇā iva sphuranti /
yasya viśesā adyāpi vikaṭeṣu kathāniveśeṣu //
Gauḍavaho
,V.799

[30] rosadhūtacaraṇāyāstrailokyalakṣīvichūḍhanū purachāyam //
vivarabhaketubhinnam rabibimvaṃ vigalati nabhasi //
Ibid.,V.829

[31] Suru,N.G. ed. Vakpatirāja’s Gauḍavaho, Introduction,p.42

[32] Vide, Sinha, Raghunath., (ed.), Rājataraṅginī of Kalhana,Introduction,p.89

[33] Mālatīmādhava,VI.p.112

[34] Ibid.,IX.26

[35] kaccitsaumya vyavasitamidaṃ bandhu /
Meghadūta,110 malinamapi himāśorlakṣma lakṣmīṃ tanoti //
Abhijñānaśākuntalam,I.20 viṣvagbibhratsurapatidhanurlakṣma lakṣmīvadetat /
Mālatīmādhava,IX.25

[36] ālakṣyadantamukulānanimittahāsai/
ravyaktavarṇaramaṇīyavacaḥpravṛttīn /
aṅkāśrayapraṇayinastanayānvahanto /
dhanyāstadaṅgarajasā malinībhavanti /
Abhijñānaśākuntalam,VII.17 aniyataruditasmitaṃ virājatkatipayakaumaladantakuṅmlāgram /
vadakamalakaṃśiśoḥsmarāmi skhaladasamañjasamugdha jalpitaṃte //
Uttararāmacarita,IV.4

[37] Kane,P.V., History of Sanskrit Poetics,p.93

[38] Mahāvīracarita,I.12

[39] Uttararāmacarita,I.38

[40] babhūva vālmikabhavaḥ purā kavistaḥ prapede bhuvi bhatṛmeṇṭhatām/
sthitaḥ punaryo bhavabhūtirekhāyā sa vartate sampratiṃ rājaśekharaḥ //
Bālarāmāyaṇa,I.16

[41] Vide,Tripathi, R.S. (ed.), Daśarūpaka of Dhanañjaya with the commentary of Avoloka of Dhanika,pp.8,9,23,32,35

[42] mānyo jagatyām bhavabhūtiranyaḥ sarasvate vartmani sārthavāhaḥ /
vācampatākāmivayasyadṛṣṭvā janaḥ kavīnām nupṛṣṭhameti //
Udayasundarīkathā.,ed. by C.D. Dalal,p.154

[43] De, Sushil Kumar., Vakroktijīvita of Kuntaka , p.71

[44] Ibid.,pp.12, 39, 211

[45] Kane, P.V., (ed.) Nāṭyaśāstra of Bharatamuni with the Commentary of
Abhinavabhāratī, p.222

[46] Kosambi,D.D. & Gokhale, V.V. The Subhāṣitaratnakoṣa of Vidyākara, p.37

[47] Uttararāmacarita,VII.20

[48] bhūmnā rasānāṃ gahanāḥ prayogāḥ sauhārdahṛdyāni viceṣṭitāni /
auddhatyamāyojita kāmasūtraṃ citrāḥ kathā vāci vidagdhatā ca //
Mālatīmādhava,I.4

[49] Macdonell, Arthur A., A History of Sanskrit Literature,p.307

[50] dṛśyaśravyatvabhedena punaḥ kāvyaṃ dvidhā matam /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,VI.153 dṛśyaṃ tatrābhineyaṃ tadrūpātturūpakam //
Ibid.

[51] rūpakaṃ tad samāropād /
Daśarūpaka,I.9

[52] nāṭakamatha prakaraṇaṃ bhāṇavyāyogasamavakāraḍimāḥ /
īhāmṛgāṅkavīthyaḥ prahasanamiti rūpakāṇi daśa //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,VI.3 56 nāṭikā troṭakaṃ goṣṭhī saṭṭakaṃ nāṭyarāsakaṃ prasthānollāpyakāvyāni preṅkhaṇaṃ rāsakaṃ tathā //
saṃlāpakaṃ śrīgaditaṃ, śilpakaṃ vilāsikā durmallikā,prakaraṇī halliśo and bhāṇiketi ca//
Ibid., VI.4,5

[53] bhavetprakaraṇe vṛttaṃ laukikaṃ kavikalpitam /
śṛṅgāro’aṅgī nāyakastu viproamātyoathavā vaṇik //
sāpāyadharmakāmārthaparo dhīrapraśāntakaḥ /
nāyikā kulajā kvāpi veśyā kvāpi dvayaṃ kvacit /
tena bhedāstrayastasya tatra bhedastṛtīyakaḥ //
kitavadyūtakārādiviṭaceṭakasaṃkulaḥ / Ibid.,VI.224-226

[54] nāyikā nāyakākhyānāt saṅjñā prakaraṇādiṣu /
Ibid.,VI.143

[55] prāṇaistapobhiratha vābhimataṃ madīyaiḥ /
kṛtyaṃ ghaṭet suhṛdo yadi tatkṛtaṃ syāt //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.9

[56] Vide, Kale,M.R.,Op.cit.,Introduction,p.2461 Ibid.

[57] Ibid.,p.26

[58] Ibid.,p.27

[59] Kathāsaritsāgara, XIII.1

[60] Ibid.,III.4

[61] rasa iti kaḥ padārthaḥ /
ucyate āsvādyatvāt //
Nāṭyaśāstra
of Bharatamuṇi, ed.
by Ramakrishna Kavi with the commentary of Abhinavabhāratī,VI.p.288

[62] na hi rasādṛte kaścidarthaḥ pravartate /
Ibid.,VI.p.272

[63] tatra vibhāvānubhāvavyabhicārisaṃyogādrasaniṣpattiḥ / Ibid.

[64] āsvādayanti manasā tasmādnāṭya rasāḥ smṛitāḥ /
Ibid.VI.33

[65] rasavaddarśitaspaṣṭaśṛṅgārādirasāṃ yathā /
Kāvyālaṃkāra, III.6

[66] preyaḥ priyatarākhyānaṃ rasavadrasapeśalam /
Kāvyādarśa, II.275

[67] dīptarasatvaṃ kāntiḥ /
Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti,III.2.14

[68] nirdoṣaṃ guṇavat kāvyamalaṃkārairalaṃkṛtam /
rasanvitaṃ kaviḥ kurvan kīrtim prītim ca vindati //
Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇam,I.2

[69] yastu svapne'pi na svaśabdavācyo no laukika vyavahāra patitaḥ, kintu śabdasamar pyamāṇahṛdayasambādasundaravibhāvānubhāvasamucitaprāgniviniviṣṭaratyādi vāsanānurāgasukumārasvasaṃvidānandacavarṇāvyāpārarasanī-yaruporasaḥ,sakāvya vyāpāraikagocaro rasadvaniriti, sa ca dhvanireveti, sa eva mukhyatayātmeti//
Dhvanyāloka of Ānandavardhana, ed. by Achārya Jagannāth Pāthak with the
Locana Sanskrit Commentary, p.50

[70] kāraṇānyatha kāryāṇi sahakārīṇi yāni ca/
ratyādeḥ sthāyino loke tāni cetnāṭyakāvyayoḥ //
vibhāvānubhāvāstat kathyante vyabhicāriṇaḥ/
vyaktaḥ sa taibibhāvādyaiḥ sthāyibhāvo rasaḥ smṛtaḥ/
Kāvyaprakāśa, IV. 27-28

[71] eka eva tāvatparamārthato rasaḥ /
sūtrasthāni yatvāna rūpake pratibhāti //
Abhinavabhāratī
,Vol.I.p.273

[72] vākyaṃ rasātmakaṃ kāvyam /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,I.4 13 yathā vījādbhavedvṛkṣo vṛkṣādpuṣpaṃ phalaṃ yathā tathā mūlaṃ rasāḥ sarve tebhyo bhāvā vyavasthitāḥ/
Nāṭyaśāstra,VI.38

[73] tataḥ sambalitaḥ sarvā vibhādiḥ sacetasām /
papāṇakarasanyāyāccarvyamāṇo raso bhavet //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,III.1515 ratyādyudbodhakā loke vibhāvāḥ kāvyanāṭyayoḥ /
Ibid.,III.2916 ālambanoddīpanākhyo tasya bhedāvubho smṛto /
Ibid.

[74] vibhāvā aubhāvāścasāttvikā vyabhicāriṇaḥ / Ibid.,III.p.94

[75] tatra vibhāvānubhāvavyabhicārisaṃyogādrasaniṣpatiḥ /
Nāṭyaśāstra
, I.p.274

[76] kāryakāraṇasañcārirupā api hi lokataḥ /
rasādayo ye vibhāvādyāḥ kāraṇānyeva te matāḥ //
Sāhityadarpaṇa, III.14

[77] śṛṅgārahāsyakaruṇā raudravīrabhayānakāḥ /
bībhatsādbhūtasañjnau cetyaṣṭau nāṭye rasāḥ smṛtāḥ //
Nāṭyaśāstra
,VI.15

[78] ratirhāsaśca śokaśca krodhotsāho bhayaṃ tathā /
jugupsā vismayaśceti sthāyibhāvāh prakīrtitāḥ //
Ibid.,VI.17

[79] nirvedasthāyibhāvo'sti śānto'pi navamo rasaḥ /
ratirdevādiviṣayā vyabhicārī tathāñijitaḥ //
Kāvyaprakāśa, IV.35

[80] tatra śṛṅgāro nāmo ratisthāyibhāvaprabhavaḥ /
ujjalaveṣātmakaḥ yatkiñcitlloke śuci medhyaṃujjvalaṃ darśanīyam vā tadśṛṅgāreṇo pamīyate /
yastāvadujjvalaveṣaḥ sa śṛṅgāravānityucyate /
evameṣa ācārasiddho hṛdyojjalaveṣātmakatvātśṛṅgāro rasaḥ /
sasastripuruṣahetukauttamayuvaprakṛtiḥ/
Nāṭyaśāstra, VI.pp. 300-301

[81] sukhaprāyeṣu sampannaḥ ṛtumālyādisevakaḥ /
puruṣaḥ pramadāyuktaḥ śṛṅgāra iti saṃgitaḥ/apicātrasūtrārthanuvidveāryebhavataḥ//
ṛitumālyaṅkāraiḥpriyajanagāndharvakāvya sevābhiḥ upavanagamanavihāraiḥ śṛṅgārarasah samudbhavati/
nayanavadanaprasādaiḥsmitamadhuravācodhṛtipramodaiścamadhuraścāṅ gavihārais tasyābhinayaḥ prayoktavyaḥ //
Ibid.,VI.46-48

[82] śṛṅgaṃ mammathodbhedastadāgamanahetukaḥ /
uttamaprkṛtiprāyo rasaḥ śṛṅgāra iṣyate //
paroḍhām varjayitvā tu veśyāṃ cānanurāgiṇīm /
ālambanaṃ nāyikāh syurdakṣinādyāś ca nāyakāḥ //
candracandanarolambarūtādyuddīpanaṃ matam /
bhrūvikṣepakaṭākṣādiranubhāvaḥ prakīrtitaḥ //
tyaktvaugrayamaraṇālasyajugupsā vyabhicāriṇaḥ/
sthāyibhāvo ratiḥ śyāmavarṇo’yam viṣṇudaivataḥ //
Sāhityadarpaṇa,III.183 -185

[83] vipralambho'tha saṃbhoga ityeṣa dvividho mataḥ / Ibid.,III.186

[84] darśanasparśanādīni niṣevete vilāsinau /
yatrānurktāvanyonyaṃ saṃbhogo’yamudāhṛtaḥ//
saṃkhyātumaśakyatayā cumbanaparirambhanādibahubhedāt /
ayameka eva dhīraiḥ kathitaḥ saṃbhoga śṛṅgāraḥ//
tatra syādṛtuṣaṭakaṃ candrādityau tathodayāstanmayaḥ/
jalakelivanavihāraprabhātamadhupāna yāmino prabhṛtiḥ //
anulepanabhūṣādyā vācyaṃ śuci medhyamanyacca //
Ibid., III.210 - 212

[85] yatra tu ratiḥ prakrṣṭā nābhīṣṭamupeti vipralambho'sau /
Ibid.,III.18730 sa ca pūrvarāgamānapravāsakaruṇātmakacaturdhā syāt /
Ibid.

[86] abhilāṣaścintāsmṛtiguṇakathanodvegasaṃpralāpāśca /
unmādo'tha vyādhirjaḍatā mṛtiriti daśātra kāmadasāḥ //
Ibid., III.190

[87] ayogo viprayogaśca saṃbhogaśceti sa tridhā
Daśarūpaka, IV.58

[88] tatrāyogo'nurāge'pi navayorokacitayoḥ /
parātantryeṇa daivādvā viprakarṣādasaṅgamaḥ //
Ibid, IV. 5934 viprayogastu viśleṣo rudhavisrambhayordvidhā /
Ibid.,IV.57

[89] anukūlau niṣevete yatrānyonyaṃ vilāsinau /
darśanasparśanādīni sa saṃbhogo mudānvitaḥ //Ibid.,IV.79

[90] sā rāmaṅīyakanidheradhidevatā vā /
saundaryasārasamudāyaniketanaṃ vā //
tasyāḥ sakhe niyatamindusudhāmṛṇāla /
jyotsnādi kāraṇambhūnmadanaśca vedhāḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
, I.2137 sā punarmama prathamadarśanātprabhṛtyamṛtavartiriva cakṣuṣorniratiśyamānandamutpādayantyayas kāntamaṇiśalākeva lauhadhātumantaḥkaraṇamākṛṣṭavatī sarvathā //
Ibid.,I.p.27

[91] yāntyā muhurvalitakandharamānanaṃ tad /
āvṛttavṛntaśatapatranibhaṃ vahantyā //
digdhoamṛtena ca viṣeṇa ca pakṣmalākṣyā /
gāḍhaṃ nikhāta iva me hṛdaye kaṭākṣaḥ //
Ibid.,I.29

[92] bhūyo bhūyaḥ sabidhanagarīrathayā paryaṭantam /
dṛṣṭvā dṛṣṭvā bhavanavallabhītuṅgavātāyanasthā //
sākṣātkāmaṃ navamiva ratirmālatī mādhavaṃ yad /
gāḍhotkaṇṭhā lulitalulitairaṅgakaistāmyatīti //
Ibid., I.15

[93] niyatamanayā saṃkalpanirmitaḥ priyasamāgamonubhūyate /
Ibid.,II.p.53

[94] nīvīvandhochvasanamadharaspandanaṃ dorviṣādaḥ /
svedaścakṣurmasṛṇamadhurākekarasnigdhamugdham //
gātrastambhaḥ stanamukulayorutprabandhaḥ prakampo /
gaṇḍābhogo pulakapaṭalaṃ mūrchanā cetanā ca //
Ibid.,II.5

[95] yadindāvānandaṃ praṇayini jane vā na bhajate /
vyanaktyanantastāpaṃ tadayamatidhīroapi viṣamam //
priyaṅguśyāmāṅgaprakṛtirapi cāpāṇḍumadhuraṃ /
vapuḥ kṣāmaṃ kṣāmaṃ vahati ramaṇīyaśca bhavati //
Ibid.,III.9

[96] bhagavatiyathetehṛdayabharitodhrthavismayānandasundarandolayamanadhīrat vama noharāḥ paryasyanti madayanti kāmakarandayordalitanīlotpaladama
sadrkshah kaṭākṣa vikṣepāstathā tarkayāmi manorathanirvṛtta samāgama vetāviti //
Ibid., IV.p.87

[97] kathamanugṛhitāsmi/
iyamāliṅgāmi …………./ Ibid.,VI.p.131

[98] saṃkalpasvapnāntareṣu ca manorathonmādamohitā prekṣe taṃ janam …………/
Ibid.,VII.pp.152-153

[99] niśchotante sutanu kavarīvindavo yāvadete /
yāvanmadhyaḥ stanamukulayornādrabhāvaṃ jahāti //
yāvatsāndrapratanupulakodbhedavalyaṅgyaṣṭis/
tāvadgāḍhaṃ vitara sakṛidapyaṅkapālīṃ prasīda //
Ibid.,VIII.2 jivayanniva samūḍhasādvasasvedabinduradhikaṇṭhama pyartām /
vāhuraindavamayūkhacumbitasyandicandramaṇi hāravibhramaḥ //
Ibid.,VIII. 3

[100] dveṣo yatrā’nyakāryeṣu tadekāgraṃ ca mānasam /
śvāsairmanorathaiścāpi ceṣṭāstā smṛtirucyate //
Sāhityadarpaṇa of Viśvanātha Kavirāja, ed. by Kṛṣṇamohan Śāstrī with
Lakṣmī c ommentary, p.188

[101] tāmindusundaramukhīṃ suciraṃ vibhāvya /
cetaḥ kathaṃ kathamapi vyaparvartate //
lajjāṃ vijitya vinayaṃ vinivārya dhairyam /
unmathya mantharavivekamakāṇḍa eva //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.1850 jaḍatā hīnaceṣṭatvamaṅgānāṃ manasastathā //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,III.193

[102] yadvismayastimitamastamitānyabhāva/
ānandamandamamṛtaplavanādivābhūt//
tatsannidhau tadadhunā hṛayaṃ madīya/
maṅgāracumbitamiva vyathamānamāste //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.19

[103] parichedātītaḥ sakalavacanānāmaviṣayaḥ /
punarjanmanyasminnnanubhavapathaṃ yo na gatavān//
vivekapradhvaṃādupacitamahāmohagahano /
vikāraḥ ko’apyantarjaḍayati ca tāpaṃ ca kurute //
Ibid.,I.30

[104] yasminramyamaramyaṃ vā na ca harṣāya jāyate /
pradveṣaḥ prāṇitavye’api sa udvego’bhidhīyate //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,III.p.188

[105] unmādaścāparichedaścetaneṣvapi /
Ibid.,III.191

[106] paśyāmi tāmita itaḥ purataśca paścād /
antarbahiḥ parita eva vivartamānām //
udbuddhamugdhakanakāvjanibhaṃ vahantīm /
āsaktatiryagpavartitadṛṣṭi vaktram //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.40

[107] prasarati parimāthī koapayaṃ dehadāha /
stirayati kāraṇānāṃ grāhakatvaṃ pramohaḥ //
raṇaraṇakavivṛdhviṃ vibhradāvartamāna /
jvalati hṛdayamantastanmayatvaṃ ca dhatte //
Ibid., I. 41

[108] vyādhistu dīrghaniḥśvāsapāṇḍutākṛśatādayaḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,III.192

[109] premārdrāḥ praṇayaspṛsaḥ paricayādudgāḍhaarāgodayās/
tāstā mugdhadṛśo nisargamadhurāśceṣṭā bhaveurmayi //
yāsvantahkaraṇasya vāsyakaraṇavyāpāra rodhī kṣnā /
dāśaṃsāparikalpitāsvapi bhavatyānandasāndro layaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
, IV.7

[110] abhilāṣaḥ spṛhā /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,III.191

[111] līneva prativimviteva likhitevotkīrṇarupeva ca /
pratyapteva vajralepaghaṭitevāntarnikhāteva ca //
sā naścetasi kīliteva viśikhaiścetobhuvaḥ pañcabhi /
ścintāsamtatitantujālanibiḍasyūteva lagnā priyā /
/
Mālatīmādhava,V.1061 mālatīvirahiṇaḥ samstutapradeśadarśanāsahiṣṇoḥ samstyāyaṃ parityajya
saha suhṛdvargeṇa bṛhadroṇīśailakāntārapradeśamadhitiṣṭhato mādhavasyā
dhunāntikaṃ prayāmi //
Ibid.,IX.p.176

[112] dalati hṛdayam gāḍhodvegam dvidhā tu na bhidyate /
vahati vikalaḥ kāyo moham na muṅcati cetanām //
jvalayati tanūmantardāhaḥ karoti na bhasmasāt /
praharati vidhirmarmachedī na kṛtanti jīvitam //
Ibid.,IX.12

[113] daivātpaśyerjagati vicarannichayā matpriyāṃ ce /
dāśvāsyādau tadanu kathayermādhavīyāmavasthām //
āśātanturna ca kathayatātyantamuchedanīyaḥ / prāṇatrāṇaṃ kathamapi karotyāyatākṣyāḥ sa ekaḥ //
Ibid., IX.26 64 kekābhirnīlakaṇṭhasthirayati vacanaṃ tāṇḍavāduchikhaṇḍaḥ /
kāntāmantaḥ pramodādabhisarati madbhrāntatāraścakoraḥ /
golāṅgūlaḥ kapolaṃ chūrayati rajasā kausumena priyāyāḥ //
kaṃ yāce yatra tatra dhruvamanavasaragrasta evārthibhāvaḥ //
Ibid., IX.30

[114] eṣā pravāsaṃ kathamapyatītya /
yātā punaḥ saṃśayamanyathaiva //
ko nāma pākābhimukhasya jantor /
dvārāṇi daivasya pidhātumiṣṭe //
Ibid., X.13

[115] pariṇatamidānīṃ me jīvitatṛṣṇāyāḥ phalam. nirvyūhaṃ ca niṣkaruṇatayā tāta syāpi kāpālikatvam.pariniṣṭhito duṣṭadaivasya dāruṇasamārambhasadṛśah pariṇāmaḥ tatkamiho śaraṇaṃ pratipadye /
Ibid.,IV.p.91

[116] hā tāta niṣkarūṇa eṣa idānīṃ te narendracittārā dhanopakaraṇaṃ jano vipadyate/
amba snehamayahṛdaye hatāsi daivadurvilasitena hā mālatīmaya jivite mama kalyāṇasādhanaikamuktasakalavyāpāre bhagavati cirasya jñāpitāsi duḥkham snehenahā priyasakhi lavaṅgike svapnāvasaramātradarśanāhaṃ te samvṛttā/
Ibid.,VI. p. 109

[117] bhāraḥ kāyo jīvitaṃ vajrakīlam /
kāṣṭhaḥ śūnyā niṣphalānīndriyāṇi //
kaṣṭaḥ kālo māṃ prati tvatprayāṇe /
śāntālokaḥ sarvato jīvalokaḥ // Ibid.,IX.37

[118] atha raudro nāma krodhasthāyibhāvātmako rakṣodānavodhatamanuṣyaprakṛitiḥ saṃgrāmahetukaḥ sa ca krodhāgharṣanādhikṣepānṛtavacanopadhāta vākpāruṣyā bhidro hamātsaryādi bhirvibhāvairutpadyate /
tasya ca tāranapāṭanapīḍana chedanabhedana praharaṇāharaṇaśastrasaṃpātasamprahāra rudhirākarṣanādyāni karmāṇi/
punaśca raktanayana bhrūkuṭī karaṇadantoṣṭha pīḍana gaṇḍo
sphuraṇa hastāgraniṣpeṣādibhiranubhāvairabhinayaḥ prayoktavyaḥ /
Nāṭyaśāstra,VI.p.319-320

[119] praṇayisakhīsalīlaparihāsarasādhigatair /
lalitaśirīṣapuṣpahanairapi tāmyati yat //
vapuṣi vadhāya tatra tava śastramupakṣipataḥ /
patatu śirasyakāṇḍyamadaṇḍa iveṣa bhujaḥ /
/
Mālatīmādhava,V.31

[120] kaṭhorāsthigranthivyatikararaṇatkāramukharaḥ /
kharasnāyuchedakṣaṇavihitavegavyupaśamaḥ //
nirātaṅkaḥ paṅkeṣueva piśitapiṇḍeṣu vilasa /
nnasirgātraṃ gātram sapadi lavaśaste vikirate //
Ibid.,V. 34

[121] atha vīronāmauttamaprakṛitirutsāhātmakaḥ/
sa cā saṃohādhyavasāyanayavina yavala parākramaśaktipratāpa prabhāvādibhirvibhāvairutpadyate /
tasya sthāyiryadhairya śorya tyāga vaiśāradyādibhiranubhāvairabhinayaḥ prayoktavyaḥ
bhāvāscāsya dhṛtimati garvāvegaugryāmarṣasmṛtiromāñcādayaḥ /
Nāṭyaśāstra,VI.p.324

[122] kathaṃ tadavapātitādadhigatāyudhaḥ pūrūṣāt/
kuto’api makaranda etya sahasaiva madhye
sthitaḥ dṛḍhaṃ ca paśunā hataḥ pramathitaśca daṃṣṭrāyudhaḥ /
Mālatīmādhava, III.18

[123] maraṇasamaye tyaktvā śaṅkāṃ pralāpanirgalam /
prakaṭitanijasnehaḥ soyam sakhā pura eva ye //
sutanu visṛjotkampam saṃpratyasāviha pāpmanaḥ /
phalamanubhavatyugraṃ pāpaḥ pratīpavipākinaḥ //
Ibid.,V.26

[124] vyāghrāghrātamṛgīkṛpākulamṛganyāyena hiṃsāruseḥ /
pāpa prāṇyupahāraketanajuṣaḥ prāptoasi me gosaram //
so’ahaṃ prāgbhavataiva bhūtajananīmṛidhnomi khaṅgāhoti /
chinnaskandhakavandha randrarudhiraprāgbhārāniḥsyamdinā //
Ibid.,V.29

[125] dhairyamnidhehi hṛdaye hata eṣaḥ pāpaḥ /
kiṃ vā kadācidapi kenacidanva bhāni //
sāraṅgasaṅgarabidhāvibhakumbhakūṭa /
kuṭṭākapāṇikuliśasya horeḥ pramādaḥ //
Ibid.,V.32

[126] yāvachrīparvatamupānīya lavaśo lavaśa enāṃ nikṛtya duḥkhamaraṇāṃ karomi/
Ibid.,VIII.p.168

[127] āścaryamāścaryam-vyatikara iva bhīmastāmaso vaidyutaśca/
kṣaṇamupahitacakṣurvṛttirūdbhūya śāntaḥ//
Ibid., X.8

[128] kathamiha mama vatsastatkimetat kimanyat prabhavati hi mahimnā svena yogīśvarīyam//
Ibid.,X.p.208

[129] athabībhatsonāma jugupsāsthāyibhāvātmakaḥsacāhṛdyāpriyācoṣyāniṣṭaśravaṇa darśan kīrtanādibhirvibhāvairutpadyate/tasyasarvāṅgasaṃhāramukhavikūṇan ollekhananiṣṭhī vanodvejanādibhiranubhāvairabhinayaḥprayoktavyaḥbh āvāścasyāpasmārodvegavegamohavyādhimar aṇādayah /
/
Nāṭyaśāstra,VI.p.328

[130] utkṛtyaotkṛtya kṛttim pṛathamamatha pṛthūchophabhūyāṃsi māṃsā /
nyaṃsasphikprṛṣṭthapiṇḍādyavayavasulabhānyugrapūrtīni jagdhvā //
āttasnāyvantranetraḥ prakaṭitadaśanaḥ pretaraṅkaḥkaraṅkā /
daṅkasthādasthisaṃsthaṃsthapuṭagatamapi kravyamavyagramatti //
Mālatīmādhava,V.16

[131] niṣtāpasvidyasthanaḥ kvathanaparinamanmedasaḥ pretakāyām /
kṛṣṭvā samsaktadhūmānamapi kuṇapabhujo bhūyasībhyaścitābhyaḥ //
utpakvastramasimāṃsaṃ pracaladubhayataḥ samdhinirmuktamārād /
ete niṣkuṣya jaṅghānalakamudayinīrmajjadhārāh pivanti //
Ibid.,V.17

[132] antraiḥ kalpitamaṅgalapratisarāḥ strihastaraktautpala /
vyaktottamsambhṛitaḥ pinahya sahasā hritpuṇḍarīkastrajaḥ//
etāḥ śoṇitapaṅkakuṅkamajuṣaḥ sambhuya kāntaiḥ pivan /
tyasthitasnehasurāḥ kapālacaṣakaiḥ prītāḥ piśācāṅganāḥ //
Ibid.,V.18

[133] atha bhayānako nāma bhayasthāyibhāvātmakaḥ/sa ca vikṛtaravasatvadarśan aśivolūk trāsodvegaśūṇyāgārāraṇyagamanasvajanavadhabandhadarśana śrutikathādibhirvibhā vairutpadyate/tasyapravepitakaracaraṇanayana capalapulakamukhavaivarṇya svarabhedādibhiranubhāvairabhina yaḥprayok tavyaḥ/bhāvāścāsyastambhasvedagadgadaromāñcaca vepathusvarabhedavaivarṇy aśaṅkāmohadainyāvegacāpalajaḍatātrāsāpasmāramaraṇā dayaḥ
Nāṭyaśāstra,VI. p. 326

[134] paryantapratirodhimeduracayastyānaṃ citā jyotiṣā /
mojjvalyaṃ parabhāgataḥ prakaṭayatyābhogabhīmam //
saṃsaktākulakaleyaḥ kilakilākolāhalaiḥ saṃmadā /
duttālāḥ kaṭapūtanāprabhṛtayaḥ sāṃrāviṇaṃ kurvate //
Mālatīmādhava
,V.11

[135] Sankaran, A. Some Aspects of Literary Criticisim in Sanskrit, p.42

[136] niyatamanayā saṃkalpanirmitaḥ priyasamāgamonubhūyate /
Mālatīmādhava,II.p.53

[137] nīvīvandhochvasanamadharaspandanaṃ dorviṣādaḥ /
svedaścakṣurmasṛṇamadhurākekarasnigdhamugdham //
gātrastambhaḥ stanamukulayorutprabandhaḥ prakampo /
gaṇḍābhogo pulakapaṭalaṃ mūrchanā cetanā ca //
Ibid.,II.597 dalati hṛdayam gāḍhodvegam dvidhā tu na bhidyate /
vahati vikalaḥ kāyo moham na muṅcati cetanām //
jvalayati tanūmantardāhaḥ karoti na bhasmasāt /
praharati vidhirmarmachedī na kṛtanti jīvitam //
Ibid.,IX.12

[138] rūpakādiralaṃkārastathānyairvahudhoditaḥ /
na kāntamapi nirbhūṣam vibhāti vanitānanam /
Kāvyalaṃkāra,I.13

[139] kāvyaṃ grāhyamalaṃkārāt /saundaryamalaṃkāraḥ/
Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti,1.1.1,2 kāvyaśobhāyāḥ tadatiśayahetavastvalaṃkārāḥ /
Ibid.,3.1.2

[140] kāvyaśobhākarān dharmānalaṃkārān pracakṣate /
Kāvyādarśa, II.1

[141] upakurvanti taṃ santaṃ ye’aṅgadvāreṇa jātucit /
hārādivadalaṃkārās tenoprāsopamādayaḥ /
Kāvyaprakāśa,VIII.67

[142] alaṃkāro hi cārutvahetuḥ prasidhaḥ /
Dhvanyāloka
,II.5.p.170 alaṃkāro hi bāhyālaṃkāra sāmyādaṅgīnaścārutva heturucyate /
Ibid., p.200

[143] śabdārthayorasthirā ye dharmāḥ śobhātiśāyinaḥ /
rasādīnupakurvantolaṃkārāsteaṅgadādivat /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.I 104 alaṃkariṣṇavaste ca śabdamarthamubhautridhā Agnipurāṇa,342.18

[144] ye byutpatyādinā śabdamalaṃkartumiha kṣamāḥ /
śabdālaṃkāramādhuratān kāvyamimaṃsakavidaḥ //
Ibid

[145] alaṃkāranamarthānāmarthālaṃkāra iṣyate /
tān vinā śabda saundaryamapi nāsti monoharam //
Ibid., 344.1

[146] śabdārthayurralaṃkārau dvāvalaṅkurute samam /
ekatra nihito hāraḥ stanaṃ gṛvāmivastrīyaḥ //
Ibid.,345.1

[147] anuprāsaḥ śabdasāmyam vaiṣamye’opi svarasya yat //
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X. 2

[148] anuprāsaḥ pañcadhā tataḥ //
Ibid., X.7

[149] cheko vyañjanasaṅghasya sakṛtsāmyamanekadhā /
Ibid,X.2

[150] anekasyaikadhā sāmyamasakṛdvāṣyanekadhā /
ekasya sakṛdapyeṣa vṛttyanuprāsa ucyate //
Ibid.,X.4

[151] uccāryatvādyadekatra sthāne tālurādike /
sādṛśyaṃ vyaṅjanasyaiva śrutyanuprāsa uccyate //
Ibid., X.5113 vyaṅjanam cedyathāvasthaṃ sahādyena svareṇa tu /
āvartyate’ntyayojyatvādantyānuprāsa eva tat //
Ibid.,X.6

[152] śabdārthayoḥ paunaruktyaṃ bhede tātparyamātrataḥ lāṭānuprāsa ityukto /
Ibid., X.7

[153] asāraṃ saṃsāram parimuṣitaratnaṃ tribhuvanam /
nirālokaṃ lokaṃ maraṇaśaraṇaṃ vāndhavajanam //
adarpaṃ kandarpaṃ jananayananirmāṇamphalam
jagajjīrṇāraṇyaṃ kathamasi vidhātum vyavasitaḥ /
/
Mālatīmādhava,V.30

[154] satyarthe pṛthagarthāyāḥ svaravyañjanasaṃhateḥ /
krameṇa tenaivāvṛttiryamakaṃ vinigadyate //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
, X.8

[155] jīva jīvitasamāya jīvitaṃ dehi jīvatu suhṛjjanaśca /
aṅgakaistuhinasaṅgaśītalaiḥputrid māṃ priyasakhīṃ ca jīvaya //
Mālatīmādhava,X.18

[156] śliṣṭaiḥ padairanekārthābhidhāne śleṣa iṣyate /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.11

[157] ujjvalālokayā snigdhā tvayā tyaktā na rājate /
malīmasamukhī vartiḥ pradīpaśikhayā yathā//
Mālatīmādhava, IX.4

[158] sādharmyamupamā bhede /
Kāvyaprakāśa,X.I

[159] sāmyaṃ vācyamvaidharmyaṃ vākyaikya dvayoḥ //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,X.14122 pūrṇā luptā ca Kāvyaprakāśa,X.

[160] sā pūrṇā yadi sāmānyadharma aupamyavāci ca /
upameyaṃ copamānaṃ bhavedvācyam //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,X.15

[161] luptā sāmānyadharmāderekasya yadi vā dvayoḥ /
trayāṇāṃ vānupādāne śrotyārthī sāpi pūrvavat //
Ibid.,X.17

[162] āścaryamutpaladṛśo vadanāmalendu/
sāṃnidhyato mama muhurjaḍimānametya//
jātyena candramaṇineva mahīdharasya/
saṃdhāryate dravamayo manasā vikāraḥ/
Mālatīmādhava,III.5126 rūpakaṃ rūpitāropādvi viṣaye nirapaḥnave /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.28

[163] tat paramparitaṃ sāṅgaṃ niraṅgamiti ca tridhā /
Ibid.

[164] mlānasya jīvakusumasya vikāsanāni /
saṃtarpaṇāni sakalendriyamohanāni//
ānandanāni hṛdayaikarsāyanāni/
diṣṭyā mayāpyadhigatāni vacomṛtāni //
Mālatīmādhava
,VI.8

[165] bhavetsambhāvanotprekṣā prakṛtasya parātmanā /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.40130 vācyā pratīyamānā sā prathamaṃ dvividhā matā / Ibid.

[166] līneva pratibimbiteva likhitevotkīrṇarūpeva ca/
pratyupteva ca vajralepaghaṭitevāntaranikhāteva ca /
sā naścetasi kīliteva viśikhaiścetodhuvaḥ pañcabhi/
ścintāsantatitantujālanibiḍarasyūteva lagnā priyā //
Mālatīmādhava
, V.10132 prakṛtam pratiṣidhyānyasthāpanaṃ syād apaḥnutiḥ
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.38

[167] padmāvatī vimalavāriviśālasindhu/
pārāsaritparikaracchalato bibharti//
uttuṅgaśodhasuramandiragopurāṭṭa /
saṃghaṭṭapātitavimuktamivantarikṣam //
Mālatīmādhava
, IX.I134 sidhvatve’adhyavasāyasyātiśayoktirnigadyate /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.46

[168] jagati jayinaste te bhāvā navendukalādayaḥ /
prakṛtimadhurāḥ santyevānye mano madayanti ye //
mama tu yadiyaṃ yātā loke vilocanacandrikā /
nayanaviṣayaṃ janmanyekaḥ sa eva mahotsavaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.36

[169] dṛṣṭāntastu sadharmasya vastunaḥ pratibimbanam //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
, X.50

[170] ayamapi sādharmyavaidharmyābhyāṃ dvidhā //
Ibid.X. p.739

[171] nirmāṇameva hi tadādaralānīyam /
mā pūtanātvamupagāḥ śivatātirodhi //
naisargikī surabhiṇaḥ kusumasya sidhā /
mūrdhni sthitirna musalairavatāḍanāni //
Mālatīmādhava
, IX.50139 sambhavan vastusambandho’asambhavan vā’pi kutracit /
yatra bimbānubimbatvaṃ bodhayet sā nidarśanā //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
, X.51

[172] dhairyamnidhehi hṛdaye hata eṣaḥ pāpaḥ /
kiṃ vā kadācidapi kenacidanva bhāni //
sāraṅgasaṅgarabidhāvibhakumbhakūṭa /
kuṭṭākapāṇikuliśasya horeḥ pramādaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
,V.32

[173] kalayati ca himāṃśorniṣkalaṅkasya lakṣmīm /
abhinavakaridantacchedapāṇḍuḥ kapaulaḥ / Ibid.,I.22

[174] ādhikyamupameyasyopamānānnyūnatā’athavā vyatirekaḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.52

[175] jvalatu gagane rātro rātrāvakhaṇḍakalaḥ śasī/
dahatu madanaḥ kim va mṛtyoh pareṇa vidhāsyati //
mama tu dayitaḥ ślāghyastāto jananyamalānvayā /
kulamalinaṃ na tvevāyaṃ jano na ca jīvitam //
Mālatīmādhava
, II.2

[176] uktairviśeṣaṇaiḥ sābhiprāyaiḥ parikaro mataḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.57

[177] stimitavikasitānāmullasadbhrūlatānām/
masṛṇamukulitānāṃ prāntavistārabhājām/
pratinayananipāte kiñcidākuñciānām /
vividhamahambhūvaṃ pātramalokitānām //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.27

[178] kvacidviśeṣaḥ sāmānyātsāmanyaṃ vā viśeṣataḥ/
kāryānnimittaṃ kāryaṃ ca hetauratha samātsamam//
aprastutātprastutṃ ced gamyate pañcadhā tataḥ aprastutapraśaṃsā syād /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.58.59

[179] gamanamalasaṃ śūnyā dṛṣṭihḥ śarīramsoṣṭhavam /
śvasitamadhikaṃ kiṃ nvaitatsyātkimanyaditoatha vā//
bhramati bhuvane kandapārjñā vikāri ca yovanam /
lalitamadhurāste te bhāvāḥ kṣipanti ca dhīratām //
Mālatīmādhava,I.17

[180] anumānaṃ tu vichittyā jñānaṃ sādhyasya sādhanāt /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.63

[181] īrṣattiryagvalanaviṣamaṃ kūṇitaprāntametat /
premodbhedastimitalulitaṃ kiṃcidākuñcitabhru //
antarmodānubhavamasṛṇaṃ stambhaniṣkampapakṣma/
vyaktaṃ śaṃsatyaciramanayordṛṣṭamākekarākṣam //
Mālatīmādhava, IV.2

[182] vastuno vaktumiṣṭasya viśeṣapratipattaye /
niṣedhābhāsa ākṣepo vakṣamāṇoktago dvidhā/
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.64

[183] ślāghyānvayeti nayanotsavakāriṇīti /
nirvyūḍhaasaohṛdabhareti guṇojjvaleti //
ekaikameva hi vaśīkaraṇam garīyo/
yuṣmākamevamiyamityatha kiṃ bravīmi //
Mālatīmādhava
,VI.17

[184] jātiścaturbhijātyādyairguṇo guṇādibhistribhiḥ/
kriyā kriyādravyābhyāṃ yad dravyaṃ dravyeṇa vā mithaḥ/
virudhamiva bhāsate virodho’asau daśākṛtiḥ//
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.67,68

[185] parichedātītaḥ sakalavacanānāmaviṣayaḥ/
punarjanmanyasminnanubhavapathaṃ yo na gatavān /
vivekapradhvaṃsādupacitamahāmohagahano /
vikāraḥ ko’apyantarjaḍayati catāpaṃ ca kurute //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.30

[186] hetorvākyapadārthatve kāvyaliṅgaṃ nigadyate /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.62

[187] rāhoścandrakalāmivānanacarīṃ daivātsamāsādya me /
dasyorasya kṛpāṇapātaviṣayādāchindataḥ preyasīm /
ātaṅkādvikalaṃ drutaṃ karuṇayā vikṣobhitaṃ vismayāt /
krodhena jvalitaṃ mudā vikasitaṃ cetaḥ kathaṃ vartatām //
Mālatīmādhava,V.28

[188] samuchchayo’ayamekasmin sati kāryasyasādhake /
khalekapotikānyāyāt tatkaraḥsyāt paro’apicet //
guṇo kriye vā yugapat syātāṃ yadvā guṇakriye //
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.84

[189] anyonyasaṃbhinnadṛśāṃ sakhīnām/
tasyāstvayi prāganurāgacihnam //
kasyāpi ko’pīti niveditaṃ ca dhātreyikāyāścaturaṃ vacaśca //
Mālatīmādhava
,I.33 158 utarottaramutkarṣo vastunaḥ sāraḥ ucyate /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.78

[190] tāmindusundaramukhīṃ suciraṃ vibhāvya /
cetaḥ kathaṃ kathamapi vyapavartate me //
lajjāṃ vijitya vinayaṃ vinivārya dhairyam/
unmathya manthara vivekamakāṇḍa eva //
Mālatīmādhava,I.18

[191] saṃdehaḥ prakṛteanyasya saṃśayaḥ pratibhotthitaḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, X.35

[192] sā rāmaṇīyakanidheradhidevatā vā /
saundaryasārasamudāyaniketanaṃ vā //
tasyāḥ sakhe niyatamindusudhāmṛṇāla /
jyotsnādi kāraṇamabhūnmadanaśca vedhāḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
, I.21

[193] yadādheyamanādharamekaṃ cānekagocaram/
kiñcitprakurvataḥ kāryamaśakyasyetarasya vā //
kāryasya karaṇaṃ daivādviśeṣastrividhastataḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.73

[194] naveṣu lodhraprasaveṣu kāntirdṛśaḥ kuraṅgeṣu gataṃ gajeṣu /
latāsu namratvamiti pramathya vyaktaṃ vibhaktā vipine priyā me //
Mālatīmādhava, IX.27

[195] yathāsaṃkhyamanūddeśa uddiṣṭānām krameṇa yat //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
, X.79

[196] nairāśyakātaradhiyo hariṇekṣaṇāyāḥ /
śrutvā nikāmakarūṇṃ ca manoharaṃ ca//
vātsalyamohaparidevitamudvahāmi /
cintāviṣāavipadaṃ ca mahotsavaṃ ca //
Mālatīmādhava
,VII.9 166 svabhāvoktirdurūhārthasvakriyārūpavarṇam /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.92

[197] jalanibiḍitavastravyaktanimnonnatābhih parigatataṭabhūmiḥ snānamātrotthitābhiḥ rucirakanakakumbhaśrīmadābhogatuṅga stanabinihitahastasvastikābhirvadhūbhiḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
,IV.10

[198] saṃsaktatrutitavivartitānantrajāla /
vyākīrṇasphuradapavṛttarūṇḍakhaṇḍaḥ //
kīlālavyatikaragulphadaghnapaṅkaḥ /
prācaṇḍyaṃ vahati nakhāyudhasya mārgaḥ //
Ibid.,III.17

[199] aprastutaprastutayordīpakaṃ tu nigadyate /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,X.48

[200] vrajati virahe vaicittyaṃ naḥ prasīdati saṃnidho /
rahasi ramate prītyā vācaṃ dadātyanuvartate //
gamanasamaye kaṇṭhe lagnā nirudhya nirudhya maṃ /
sapadi śapathaiḥ pratyāvṛttiṃ praṇamya ca yācate /Mālatīmādhava,III.2 171 jvalayati manobhavāgniṃ madayati hṛdayaṃ kṛtārthayati cakṣuḥ /
parimṛditacampakāvalivilāsalalitālasa haiḥ //
Ibid.,III.6

[201] viśiṣṭa padaracanā rītiḥ /
Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti,I.II.7

[202] padasaṃghaṭanā rītiraṅgasaṃsthāviśeṣavat /upakartrī rasādīnām /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, IX. 1

[203] Dvanyāloka, III. 5-6

[204] Sāhityadarpaṇa, IX. 1
Kāvyamimāṃsā, III.22-25

[205] saṃprati tatra ye mārgāḥ kaviprasthānahetabaḥ/
sukumāro vicitraśca madhyamaścobhayātmakaḥ/
Vakroktijīvita, I.24

[206] sā tridhā -vaidarbhīgauḍīyā pāñcālīceti /
Kāvyalaṃkārasutravṛtti,I.II.9

[207] sa punaḥ syāccaturvidhā /
vaidarbhī ca gauḍī ca pāñcālī lāṭikā tathā //
Sāityadarpaṇa,IX.1

[208] astyaneko girāṃ mārgaḥ sūkṣmabhedaḥ parasparam /
tatra vaidarbhagauḍīyāu varṇyate prasphuṭāntarau //
Kāvyādarśa, I.40

[209] āvantī dākṣinātyā ca tathā caivoḍhramāgadhī /
pāñcālamādhyamā ceti vijñeyāstu pravṛttayaḥ //
Nāṭyaśāstra
,VI.25

[210] mādhuryavyañjakaivarṇai racanā lalitātmikā /
avṛtticalpavṛttirvā vaidarbhīrītiriṣyate //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
, IX.2182 sarale sāhasarāgaṃ parihara rambhoru muñca saṃrambham /
virasaṃ virahāyāsaṃ soḍhuṃ tava cittamasahaṃ me //
Mālatīmādhava,VI.10

[211] ujjvalālokayā snigdhā tvayā tyaktā na rājate /
malīmasamukhī vartiḥ pradīpaśikhayā yathā //
Ibid.,X.4

[212] ojaḥ prakāśakaivarṇairbandha āḍambaraḥ punaḥ /
samāsavahulā gauḍī /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, IX.3

[213] vyāghrāghrātamṛgīkṛpākulamṛganyāyena hiṃsāruseḥ /
pāpa prāṇyupahāraketanajuṣaḥ prāptoasi me gosaram //
so’ahaṃ prāgbhavataiva bhūtajananīmṛidhnomi khaṅgāhoti /
chinnaskandhakavandharandrarudhiraprāgbhārāniḥsyamdinā/
Mālatīmādhava,V.29

[214] varṇaih śeṣaiḥ punardvayoḥ /
samastapañcaṣapado bandhaḥ pāñcālikā matā //
Sāhityadarpaṇa,IX.4

[215] dhairyamnidhehi hṛdaye hata eṣaḥ pāpaḥ /
kiṃ vā kadācidapi kenacidanva bhāvi //
sāraṅgasaṅgarabidhāvibhakumbhakūṭa /
kuṭṭākapāṇikuliśasya horeḥ pramādaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava,V.32

[216] rasasyāṅgitvamāptasya dharmāḥ śoryādayo yathā guṇāḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa, VIII.1

[217] ye rasasyāṅgino dharmāḥ śoryādayaḥ ivātmanaḥ /
utkarṣahetavaste syuracalasthitayo guṇāḥ //
Kāvyaprakāśa,VIII.66

[218] śleṣaḥ prasādaḥ samatā samādhiḥ mādhuryam ojaḥ padasaukumāryam /
arthasya ca vyaktirūdāratā ca kāntiśca kāvyasya guṇā daśaite //
Nāṭyaśāstra, XVI.96

[219] Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti, III.I.1-10, III.2.1-15

[220] Agnipurāṇa,346. 4-25

[221] Vokroktijīvita,I.30-50

[222] Sāhityadarpaṇa,VIII.1

[223] Kāvyaprakāśa,VIII.73

[224] vahuśo yacchrutaṃ vākyamuktaṃ vāpi punaḥ punaḥ/
nodvejati yasmādhvi tanmādhurjyamiti smṛtam //
Nāṭyaśāstra, XVI.104

[225] āḥlādakatvaṃ mādhuryaṃ śṛṅgāre drutikāraṇam /
Kāvyaprakāśa,VIII.68198 saṃbhoge karuṇe vipralambhe śānte’dhikam kramāt /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,VIII.2

[226] Kāvyālaṃkāra,II.1

[227] mūrdhni vargāntyagāḥ sparśā aṭavargā raṇau laghū /
avṛttirmadhyavṛttirvā mādhurye ghaṭanā tathā //
Kāvyaprakāśa
,VIII.74

[228] ojaḥ samāsabhūyastvametad gadyasya jīvitam /
Kāvyālaṃkāra,II.2

[229] avagīto’pi hino’pi syādudāttāvabhāsakaḥ /
yatra śabdārtha sampattistadojaḥ parikīrtitam //
Nāṭyaśāstra
,XVI.106

[230] Sāhityadarpaṇa,VIII.4

[231] dīptyātmavistṛterheturaujo vīrarasasthiti /
vībhatsaraudrarasayostasyādhikyaṃ krameṇa ca //
Kāvyaprakāśa,VIII.69

[232] yoga ādyatṛtīyābhyāmantyayo reṇa tulyayoḥ /
ṭādiḥ śaṣau vṛttidairghyaṃ gumpha udhata aujasi //
Ibid.,VIII.75

[233] asāram saṃsāraṃ parimuṣitaratnaṃ tribhuvanam /
nirālokaṃ lokaṃ maraṇaśaraṇaṃ vāndhavajanam //
adarpam kaṅdarpaṃ jananayananirmāṇamphalam jagajjīrṇaraṇyaṃ kathamasi vidhātum vyavasitaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
,V.30

[234] niṣtāpasvidyasthanaḥ kvathanaparinamanmedasaḥ pretakāyām /
kṛṣṭvā samsaktadhūmānamapi kuṇapabhujo bhūyasībhyaścitābhyaḥ //
utpakvastramasimāṃsaṃ pracaladubhayataḥ samdhinirmuktamārād /
ete niṣkuṣya jaṅghānalakamudayinīrmajjadhārāh pivanti //
Ibid.,V.17

[235] paryantapratirodhimeduracayastyānaṃ citā jyotiṣā /
mojjvalyaṃ parabhāgataḥ prakaṭayatyābhogabhīmam //
saṃsaktākulakaleyaḥ kilakilākolāhalaiḥ saṃmadā /
duttālāḥ kaṭapūtanāprabhṛtayaḥ sāṃrāviṇaṃ kurvate //
Ibid.,V.11212 āvidvadaṅganābālapratītārthaṃ prasādavat /
Kāvyālaṃkāra,II.3

[236] apyanukto budhairyatra śabdo’artho vā pratīyate/
sukha śabdārtha saṃyogād prasādaḥ parikīrtyate //
Nāṭyaśāstra
,XVI,99

[237] śaithilyaṃ prasādaḥ
Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti,III.I.6 215 śuṣkendhanāgnivat svacchaṃjalavatsahasaiva yaḥ /
vyāpnotyanyatprasādo’asau sarvatra vihitasthitiḥ //
Kāvyaprakāśa,VIII.70

[238] śrutimātreṇa śabdāttu yenārthapratyayo bhavet /
sādhāraṇah samagrāṇāṃ sa prasādoguṇo mataḥ //
Ibid.,VIII,76

[239] sa prasādaḥ samasteṣu raseṣu racanāsu ca //
Sāhityadarpaṇa
,VIII.7

[240] sā rāmaṇīyakanidheradhidevatā vā /
saundaryasārasamudāyaniketanaṃ vā //
tasyāḥ sakhe niyatamindusudhāmṛṇāla /
jyotsnādi kāraṇamabhūnmadana vedhāḥ //
Mālatīmādhava,I.21

[241] sarvathā padamapyeka na nigādyamavadyavat /
vilakṣaṇā hi kāvyena duḥsuteneva nindyate //
Kāvyālaṃkāra
,I.11

[242] nākavitvamadharmāya vyādhaye daṇḍanāya vā /
kukavitvaṃ punaḥ sākṣātmṛtimāurmanīṣiṇah //
Ibid.,I.12221 tadalpamapi nopekṣyaṃ kāvye duṣṭaṃ kathañcan /
syādvapuḥ sundaramapi ścvitreṇaikena durbhagam //
Kāvyādarśa
,I.7

[243] etatddoṣa vihīnaṃ śrutisukhaṃ dīptarasaṃ ca yadi bhavatu tāvatā guṇāntarairalaṃkāraiścahīnamapikāvyaṃlakṣaṇayogā vyabhicārītyuktam//
Abhinavabhāratī on Bharata’s Nāṭyaśāstra, XVI.95

[244] Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇam,I.2 Kāvyaprakāśa,I.4

[245] gūḍhārthamarthāntaramarthahīnaṃ bhinnārthamekārthamabhiplutārtham /
nyāyādapetaṃ viṣamaṃ visandhi śabdayutaṃ vai daśa kāvyadoṣāḥ /
Nāṭyaśāstra,XVI.88

[246] udvegajanako doṣaḥ sabhyānām /
Agnipurāṇa,I.346

[247] kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti,II.1.1

[248] duṣṭaṃ padamasādhu kaṣṭaṃ grāmyamapratītamanarthakam ca //Ibid.,II.1.4

[249] Kāvyālaṃkāra,I.6,7,11,51

[250] tepunaḥ pañcadhā matāḥ /
Sāhityadarpaṇa,VII.I

[251] Kāvyaprakāśa,VII.50-51

[252] śrutikaṭu paruṣavarṇarupaṃ duṣṭam /
Ibid.

[253] vyāghrāghrātamṛgīkṛpākulamṛganyāyena hiṃsāruseḥ /
pāpa prāṇyupahāraketanajuṣaḥ prāptoasi me gosaram //
so’ahaṃ prāgbhavataiva bhūtajananīmṛidhnomi khaṅgāhoti /
chinnaskandhakavandha randrarudhiraprāgbhārāniḥsyamdinā //
Mālatīmādhava,V.29

[254] cyutasaṃskṛti vyākaraṇalakṣaṇahīnam /
Kāvyaprakāśa,VII.p.166

[255] skhalayati vacanaṃ te sraṃsayatyaṅgamaṅgam /
janayati mukhacandrodbhāsinaḥ svedavindūn //
mukulayati ca netre sarvathā subhru khedas /
tvayi vilasati tulyaṃ vallabhālokanena //
Mālatīmādhava
, III.8

[256] nirarthakaṃ pādapūraṇamātraprayojanaṃ cādipadam /
Kāvyaprakāśa,VII.170

[257] vyatiṣajati padārthānāntaraḥ ko’pi hetu /
na khalu vahirupādhīnprītayaḥ saṃśrayante //
vikasati hi pataṅgasyodaye puṇḍarīkaṃ /
dravati ca himaraśmāvudgate candrakāntaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava, I.24

[258] utkṛtyaotkṛtya kṛttim pṛathamamatha pṛthūchophabhūyāṃsi māṃsā /
nyaṃsasphikprṛṣṭthapiṇḍādyavayavasulabhānyugrapūrtīni jagdhvā //
āttasnāyvantranetraḥ prakaṭitadaśanaḥ pretaraṅkaḥkaraṅkā /
daṅkasthādasthisaṃsthaṃ sthapuṭagatamapi kravyamavyagramatti //
Ibid.,V.16

[259] grāmyaṃ yatkevalaṃ loke sthitam /
Kāvyaprakāśa,VII.p.175

[260] tvatvatsalaḥ kva sa tapasvijanasya hantā /
kanyāviṭaḥ patirasau pairakṣatu tvām /
śyenāvapātacakitā vanavartikeva /
kiṃ ceṣṭase nanu cirātkavalīkṛtāsi //
Ibid., VIII.8

[261] Kāvyaprakāśa,VII.55-57

[262] jagati jayinaste te bhāvā navendukalādayaḥ /
prakṛtimadhurāḥ santyevānye mano madayanti ye //
mama tu yadiyaṃ yātā loke vilocanacandrikā /
nayanaviṣayaṃ janmanyekaḥ sa eva mahotsavaḥ //Mālatīmādhava,I.36

[263] kasyacitprāgutkarṣavābhidhāyapaścāttanyapratipādanaṃvyāhatatvam/
Sāhityadarpaṇa,VII.p.523

[264] Vide,Chutia,L. Gogoi., A note on Kavisikṣā in the studies in Indology,p.126

[265] chandohīno na śabdo’stina chandaścaśabda varjitam /
Nāṭyaśāstra,XIV.47

[266] chandovicitervṛttasaṃśayachedaḥ/
Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti,I.6

[267] aviditvā ṛṣimcchando /
daivataṃ yogaṃ eva ca //
yo’dhyāpayejjaped vāpi /
pāpīyān jāyate tu saḥ //
Bṛhaddevatā
,VIII.132

[268] Suvṛttatilaka, II.37

[269] chandaḥ pādau to vedasya /
Pāṇinīyaśikṣā,41,42

[270] chandovicityāṃ sakalastatprapañco nidarśitaḥ/sā vidyā naustitīrṣūṇāṃ gabhīraṃ kāvyasāgaram /
Kāvyādarśa,I.12

[271] padyaṃ catuṣpadī taccha vṛttaṃ jātiriti dvidhā /
vṛtamakṣarasaṃkhyātaṃ jātirmātrākṛtā bhavet ///
Chandomañjarī
,I.4

[272] samamardhasamaṃ vṛttaṃ viṣamañceti tat tridhā /
samaṃ samacatuṣpādaṃ bhavatyardhasamaṃ punaḥ /
ādistṛtīyavad yasya pādasturyo dvitīyavat /
bhinnacihnacatuṣpādaṃ viṣamaṃ parikīrtitam //
Ibid.,I.5252 yatirjihneṣṭaviśrāmasthānaṃ kavibhirucyate /
Ibid.,I.12

[273] sānusvāraśca dīrghaśca visargo ca gururbhavet /
varṇaḥ saṃyogapūrvaśca tathā pādāntagoapi vā //
Ibid.,I.11

[274] mastrigurustrilaghuśca nakāro bhādiguruḥ punarādilaghuryaḥ /
jo gurumadhyagato ralamadhyaḥ soantaguruḥ kathitoantalaghustaḥ /
Ibid.,I.7

[275] pañcamaṃ laghu sarvatra saptamaṃ dvicaturthayoḥ //
guru ṣaṣṭhañca pādānāṃ śeṣeṣvaniyamo mataḥ //
Ibid.,IV.7256 I.8, 12, 13 V.12, 21, 33 VI.11 IX.41,51,52 X.4,7,19,22

[276] Mālatīmādhava, III.1

[277] syādindravajrā yadi tau jagau gaḥ /
Chandomañjarī, II.p.36

[278] I.4, 5, 33 III.4, 11 IV.5 VI.1 X.13

[279] Mālatīmādhava,I.2

[280] upendravajrā prathame laghau sā /
Chandomañjarī,II.p.37 upendravajrā jatajāstato go /

[281] Mālatīmādhava, I.10

[282] anantarodīritalakṣmabhājau pādau yadīyāvupajātayastāḥ /
Chandomañjarī,II.38 264 II.33 IX.27

[283] Mālatīmādhava,II.33

[284] rātaparairnaralagai rathoddhatā /
Chandomañjarī, II.p.43 rādatho maragā rathoddhatā /
Vṛttamālā, 29 267 VIII.3 IX. 21 X.18

[285] Mālatīmādhava,X.18

[286] mātto gau cechālinī vedalokaiḥ /
Chandomañjarī,II.p.41

[287] Mālatīmādhava, Act VI.18

[288] Ibid.,IX.37

[289] ayuji nanaralā guruḥ same tadaparavaktramidaṃ najau jarau /
Chandomañjarī, p.145

[290] Mālatīmādhava, IX.23

[291] yadi tadviṣayonurāgavandhaḥ /
sphuṭametadvi phalaṃ guṇajñatāyāḥ //
iti nanditamapyavyavasthayāsyā /
hṛdayaṃ dāruṇayā vidīryate me //
Mālatīmādhava
, III.13

[292] drutavilamvitamāha nabhau bharo /
Chandomañjarī, II. p. 55

[293] I.10 IV.7 VII.11 X.16

[294] Mālatīmādhava, IV.7

[295] vadanti vamśasthavilam jatau jarau /
Ibid.,II.p.49

[296] Mālatīmādhava,VII.1

[297] Ibid., X.6

[298] ayuji nayagarephato yakāro, yuji ca najau jaragasśca puṣpitāgrā /
Chandomañjarī, III. P.45 282 II.6, 10 III.6,15 V.15 X. 2

[299] Mālatīmādhava, III.6

[300] tryāśābhirmanajaragāḥ praharṣiṇīyam /
Chandomañjarī,II.p.63

[301] mno jro vastridasayatiḥ praharṣiṇī /
Vṛttamālā,42

[302] I.37, 38 III.17 IV.1 V.3, 25 IX.14

[303] Mālatīmādhava,I.38

[304] sajasā jagau ca yadi mañjubhāṣiṇī /
Chandomañjarī,II.p.67

[305] I.39 II.4 III.7 V.8 IX.9, 43, 48

[306] Mālatīmādhava, II.4

[307] jñeyaṃ vasantatilakaṃ tabhajā jagau gaḥ /
Chandomañjarī, II.p.73

[308] I. 6, 9, 18,19, 20, 21, 23,25, 26, 29,32, 34, 40 II.8 III. 5 IV.8 V.27, 32
VI.4, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 17, 20 VII.2, 3, 4 VIII.4, 5, 8, 14
IX.1,2, 3, 13, 22, 31, 36, 40, 44, 47, 50, 54 X.1, 9, 20, 21

[309] nanamayayayuteyaṃ mālinī bhogilokaiḥ /
Ibid, II.p 80

[310] I.27, 28, 41 II.9 III.8, 14, 16 IV.10 V.1 VI.16 VII.1, 12, 13 IX. 5,6, 24, 28, 53 X.8

[311] Mālatīmādhava,I.24

[312] jasau jasayalā vasugrahayatiśca pṛthvī guruḥ /
Chandomañjarī,II.p.16

[313] III.13 VIII.7 IX.35, 38

[314] Mālatīmādhava,VIII. 7

[315] mandākrāntāambudhirasanagairmobhano tau gayugmam /
Chandomañjarī,II.p.98 300 I.3,15, 35 II.5 III.12 IV.2 V.20 VI.2 VII.5 VIII.2 IX.20, 25, 26, 46 X. 5

[316] Mālatīmādhava,I.3

[317] yadi bhavato najau bhajajalā guru nardaṭkam /
Chandomañjarī, II. P.100303 V.31 IX.18

[318] Mālatīmādhava,V.31

[319] rasai rudraischinnā yamanasabhalā gaḥ śikharinī / Ibid., II.1

[320] I. 14, 16, 30, 31 II.3, 7, 11, 12, 13 III.9 IV.3, 4, 6, 9 V.30, 34 VI.7, 15
IX.8, 29, 45

[321] Mālatīmādhava, II.1

[322] nasamarasalā gaḥ ṣaḍavedairhayairhariṇī matā /
Chandomañjarī,II.5

[323] I.17, 36 II.2 III.2 V.5, 26 VI.6 IX.10, 11, 12, 42 X.15

[324] sūryāśvairyadi maḥ sajau satatagāḥ śārdūlavikrīḍītam /
Ibid.,II.p.115

[325] I. 2, 7 V.2, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 18, 19, 22, 24, 28, 29 VI.3, 5, 19
VIII.6, 9, 10 IX.7, 15, 16, 17, 32, 33, 34, 39 X.23, 24, 25

[326] Mālatīmādhava, I.7

[327] bhramnairyānā trayeṇa trimuniyatiyutā sragdharā kīrtiteyam /
Ibid.,II.p.123314 I.1 V.4,6, 16, 17 IX.30

[328] Mālatīmādhava,V.4

[329] Ibid.,V.23

[330] lakṣamai tat sapta gaṇa gopetā bhavati neha viṣame jaḥ /
ṣaṣṭho jaśa nalaghu va prathameardhe niyatamāryāyāḥ //
ṣaṣṭhe dvitīyalāt parake nale mukhalāśca sayatipadaniyamaḥ /
carameardhe pañcake tasmādiha bhavati ṣaṣṭho laḥ //
Chandomañjarī,V.1-2

[331] III.6 VI.10 IX.4, 49 X.3, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17

[332] Mālatīmādhva,I.11

[333] Vide, M. Winternitz. History of Sanskrit Literature, p.263

[334] Vide, Ketkar, Shridhar, V. The History of Caste in India,p.12

[335] Ibid.p.13

[336] Ibid.,p.144 Ibid.

[337] http://www.india’s caste system.com

[338] brāhmaṇāsaḥ pitaraḥ somyāsaḥ śive no dyāvapṛthivī anehasā /
Ṛgveda,VI.75.10

[339] adhyāpanamadhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ yājanaṃ tathā /
dānaṃ pratigrahaṃ caiva brāhmaṇānām akalpayat /
Ibid.,I.88 12 tatra kecittaittirīyiṇaḥ kāśyapāścaraṇaguravaḥ /
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.7 13 paṅktipāvanāḥ Ibid.

[340] paṅktipāvanāḥ paṅktauo bhojanādigauṣṭhyāṃ pāvanā agrabhojinaḥ pavitrā vetyarthaḥ yajuṣāṃ pārago yastu sāmnāṃ yaścāpi pāragaḥ /
atharvaśirasodhyetā brāhmaṇaḥ paṅktipāvanaḥ /
Jagaddhara on Ibid.,I.p.7

[341] agrayāḥ sarveṣu vedeṣu sarvapravacaneṣu ca /
śrotriyānvayajāś caiva vijñeyāḥ paṅktipāvanāḥ //
Manusmṛti
,III.184

[342] pañcāgnayo /
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.7 pañcāgnayo dakṣināgnigarhapatyāhavanīyasabhyāvasathyarupāgn pañcakopāsakāḥ/
Jagaddhara on Ibid.

[343] dhṛtavratāḥ somapīthino udumvaranāmāno brahmavādinaḥ prativasanti /
Ibid., I.p.7

[344] te śrotriyās.................Ibid.,I.5

[345] śrotriyāśchandoadhyetāraḥ/
Jagaddhara on Ibid.

[346] kartavyeṣu śravaṇasubhagaṃ bhūmidevāḥ paṭhantu /
Mālatīmādhava,VI.p.119

[347] Ṛgveda, X.90.12

[348] brāhmaṇa eṣa patirna rājanyau na vaiśyaḥ/
tat sūryaḥ prabruvanneti pañcabhyau mānavebhyaḥ//
Atharvaveda,V.17.9

[349] Aitareya Brāhmaṇa,34.2

[350] prajānām rakṣaṇaṃ dānamidyādhyayanameva ca /
viṣayeṣvaprasaktiśca kṣtriyasya samāsataḥ //
Manusmṛti, I. 8925 rājānaḥ paripālayantu vasudhāṃ dharme sthitāḥ sarvadā //
Mālatīmādhava,X.p.218

[351] kathaṃ tadavapātitādadhigatāyudhaḥ pūruṣāt /
kutoapi makaranda etya sahasaiva madhye sthitaḥ pramathitaśca daṃṣṭrāyudhaḥ /
Ibid.III.18

[352] praṇayisakhīsalīlaparihāsarasādhigatair /
lalitaśirīṣapuṣpahanairapi tāmyati yat //
vapuṣi vadhāya tatra tava śastramupakṣipataḥ /
patatu śirasyakāṇḍayamadaṇḍa iveṣa bhujaḥ //
Ibid.,V. 3128 Ibid.,VIII.p.170

[353] kṣatriyāṇāṃ tu vīryataḥ /
Manusmṛti, II. 155

[354] paśūnāṃ rakṣaṇam dānaṃ idyā adhyayanam eva ca /
vaṇikpathaṃ kusīdaṃ ca vaiśyasya kṛṣim eva ca //
Ibid., I.90

[355] kaṣṭaṃ etāvatī hi lokayātrā mālatyā samaṃ mādhavasya /
Mālatīmādhava, IV.p.91

[356] hantaṃ sarvathā saṃśayitajanmasāphalyaḥ saṃvṛttoasmi /
tatkimidāniṃ kartavyam /
na khalu mahāmāṃsavikrayādanyamupāyaṃ paśyāmi /
Ibid., IV. p.92

[357] aśastrapūtamavyājaṃ puruṣāṅgopakalpitam /
vikrīyate mahāmāṃsaṃ gṛhyatāmidam //
Ibid.,V.12

[358] vividharatnālaṃkārakiraṇāvalīviḍambitamahendracāpavichedavichuritana bhaḥsthalairvāras undarīkadambairadhyāsitā /
Ibid., VI.p.122

[359] citraphalakaṃ citravartikāśca /
Ibid.,I.p.38

[360] Ṛgveda,X.90.12

[361] śūdraṃ tu kārayed dāsyaṃ krītam akrītam eva vā /
dāsyāyaiva hi sṛṣṭau asau brāmaṇasya svayaṃbhuvā //
Manusmṛti
,VIII. 413

[362] ekam eva tu śūdrasya prabhuḥ karma samādiśat /
eteṣām eva varṇānāṃ śuśruṣām anasūyayā //
Ibid., I.91 39 mādhavānucaraḥ kalahaṃsakaḥ /
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.1840 atha sā praṇayinī bhiranucarībhiraviralakusumasaṃcayāvacayalīlā dohadinībhirabhyarthyamānā tameva bakulapādapoddeśamāgatavatī /
Ibid., I.p.2641 vihāradāsīṃ mandārikāṃ Ibid.

[363] ito mālatīvivāhaparikarmasatvarapratīhāra janaśatasaṃkulātpradeśādapa kramya mādhavāpakāraṃ pratyabhiniviṣṭā bhavāmi /
Ibid.,VI.p.120

[364] Medhātithī on Manusmṛti, V.168

[365] Ibid.,X.13

[366] tad ya iha ramaṇīyacaraṇā abhyāso ha ytte ramaṅīyāṃ yonimāpadyoran brāhmaṇayoniṃ va kṣatriyāyoniṃ vā vaiśyayoniṃ vātha ya iha kapūyacaraṇā
abhyāśo/
ha yatte kapūyāṃ yonimāpadyeran śvayoniṃ vā sūkarayoniṃ vā caṇḍālayoniṃ vā /Chāndogya Upaniṣad,V.10.7

[367] Manusmṛti, X.12

[368] Ibid.,X.16

[369] caṇḍālaśca narādhamaḥ /
Ibid.,X.26

[370] kravyādbhiśca hatasyānyaiścaṇḍālādyaiśca dasyubhiḥ /
Ibid., V.131

[371] vyāghrāghrātamṛgīkṛpākulamṛganyāyena hiṃsāruseḥ /
pāpa prāṇyupahāraketanajuṣaḥ prāptoasi me gocaram //
so‟ahaṃ prāgbhavataiva bhūtajananīmṛdhnomi khaṅgāhoti /
chinnaskandhakavandha randrarudhiraprāgbhārāniḥsyamdinā //
Mālatīmādhava, V. 29

[372] muṇḍadhāriṇo‟ghoraghaṇṭanāmadheyasyāntevāsinī mahāprabhāvā
kapālakuṇḍalā/
Ibid.,I.p.19

[373] idaṃ tāvatpurāṇanimbatailāktaparibhṛjya mānarasonagandhibhiścitādhūmaiḥ purastādvibhāvitasya mahataḥ śmaśānavāṭasya nedīyaḥ karālāyatanaṃ yatra paryavasitamantrasādhanas yāsmadguroraghoraghaṇṭasyājñayā saviśe ṣamadyapūjāsaṃbhāro mayā saṃnidhāpanīyaḥ /
Ibid.,, V.p.97

[374] tataḥ praviśato devatārcanavyagro kapālakuṇḍalāghoraghaṇṭo kṛtavadhyaciḥnā mālatī ca /
Ibid.,p.108

[375] (śastramudyamya) : yadastu tadastu vyāpādayāmi /
cāmuṇḍe bhagavatī mantrasādhanādā /
vudiṣṭāmupanihitāṃ bhajasva pūjām //
Ibid.,V.p.112

[376] caṇḍāla śvapacānāṃ tu vahira grāmāt pratiśrayaḥ /
apapātrāśca kartavyā dhanam eṣāṃ śva gardabham /
Manusmṛti, X.51 vāsāṃsi mṛtacailāni bhinnabhāṇḍeṣu bhojanam /
Ibid., X.52

[377] tatra khalu śrīparvatādāgatasya rātrivihāriṇo nātidūrāraṇyavāsinaḥ sādhakasya muṇḍadhāriṇo‟ghoraghaṇṭanāmadheyasyāntevāsinī mahāprabhāvā
kapālakuṇḍalā nāmānusandhyaṃ samāgachati /
tat iyaṃ pravṛttiḥ //
Ibid.,I.p.19

[378] ūrdhvaṃ dhūnoti vāyuvivṛtaśavaśiraḥśreṇikuñjeṣu guñja /
nnuttālaḥ kiṃkiṇīnāmanavarataraṇatkārahetuḥ patākāḥ //
Ibid., V.4

[379] Vide,Kane,P.V., History of Dharmaśāstra,Vol-II, Part-I,p.427

[380] Ayajño vā eṣa yoapatnīkaḥ
Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa,II.2.2.6

[381] Pāraskara Gṛhyasūtra, I.8.21

[382] artho ha vā eṣa ātmano yajjāyā tasmādyāvajjāyāṃ na vindate naiva tāvatprajāyate asarvo hi tāvadbhavati/
atha yadaiva jāyāṃ vindateatha prajāyate tarhi sarvo bhavati/
Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa,V.2.1.1062 cf., kaḥ punarayaṃ vivāho nāma /
upāyataḥ prāptāyāḥ kanyāyā dārakaraṇārthaḥ saṃskāraḥ setikartavyatāṅgaḥ saptarṣidarśanaparyantaḥ pāṇigrahaṇalakṣaṇaḥ /
Medhātithi on Manusmṛti, III.20.

[383] Ᾱsvalāyana Gṛhyasūtra,I.6

[384] Gautama Dharmasūtra, IV. 6-13 ; Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra,I.11

[385] brāhmo daivastathaivārṣaḥ prājāpatyastathāsuraḥ /
gāndharvo rākṣasaścaiva paiśācaścāṣṭamoadhamaḥ //
Manusmṛti
, III. 21

[386] Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra,I.II.11

[387] Ibid., I.20.13

[388] Manusmṛti, III.24

[389] Ibid.,III.25

[390] Ibid.,III.34

[391] Ibid.,III.41

[392] ācchādya cārcayitvā ca śrutiśīlavte svayam /
āhūya dānaṃ kanyāyā brāhmo dharmaḥ prakīrtitaḥ //
Ibid., III.27 kanyādānaṃ kanyāmalaṃkṛtya brāḥmo vivāhaḥ //
Arthaśāstra
, 59.2

[393] yajñe tu vitate samyagṛtvije karma kurvate /
alaṃkṛtya sutādānaṃ daivaṃ dharmaṃ pracakṣate /
Manusmṛti, III.28

[394] sahobho caratāṃ dharmamiti vācānubhāṣya ca /
kanyāpradānamabhyarcya prājāpatyo vidhiḥ smṛtaḥ //
Manusmṛti
, III.30

[395] Vide, Apte, M. The Sacrament of Marriage in Hindu Society, p.145

[396] jñātibhyo draviṇaṃ dattvā kanyāyai caiva śaktitaḥ /
kanyāpradānaṃ svāchandādāsuro dharma ucyate //
Manusmṛti
, III.3180 śaktiviṣayeṇa dravyāṇi dattvā vaheran sa āsuraḥ /
Ᾱpastamba Dharmasūtra, II.5.12.1

[397] dhanenopatoṣyāsuraḥ /
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra, I.II.20.7

[398] Ᾱsvalāyana Gṛhyasūtra, I.6.5

[399] icchayānyonyasaṃyogaḥ kanyāyāśca varasya ca /
gāndharvaḥ sa tu vijñeyo maithunyaḥ kāmasaṃbhavaḥ //
Manusmṛti
,III.32

[400] Ᾱsvalāyana Gṛhyasūtra, I.6.8

[401] hatvā chitvā ca bhitvā ca krośantīṃ rudatīṃ gṛhāt /
prasahya kanyāharaṇam rakṣaso vidhirucyate //
Manusmṛti,III.33

[402] suptāṃ mattāṃ pramattāṃ vā raho yatropagacchati /
sa pāpiṣṭho vivāhānāṃ paiśācaścāṣṭamoadhamaḥ // Ibid.,III.3487 kalya eva nandanasya kāraṇātmahārājo bhartṛdārikāṃ prārthayamānoamātyena vijñaptaḥ /
Mālatīmādhava, II.p.45 88 idaṃ tvaidaṃparyaṃ yaduta nṛpaternarmasacivaḥ sutādānātmitraṃ bhavatu sa hi no nandana iti /
Ibid.,II.7

[403] Manusmṛti, III.30

[404] vatsomālatīmādhavoitonirgatyavṛkṣagahanenagamyatāmudvāhamaṅgalār thamasmadvihārikāyāḥ pachādudyānavāṭaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava,VI.p.138 91 Manusmṛti, III.32

[405] Vide,Pandey,Rajbali., Hindu Saṃskāras, p.162

[406] Vide, Ibid.,p.163

[407] gāndharvamityeke praśaṃsanti snehānugatvāt /
Gautama Dharmasūtra,II.1.31

[408] sakāmāyāḥ sakāmena nirmantraḥ śreṣṭḥa ucyate /
Mahābhārata,IV.94.6096 ślāghyānāṃ guṇināṃ dhuri sthitavati śreṣṭānvaye ca tvayi /
pratyastavyasane mahīyasi paraṃ prīto‟asmi jāmātari //
teneyaṃ madayantikādya bhavataḥ prītyai tava preyase /

[409] Vide, Kane, P.V., op. Cit., p.429

[410] Āśvalāyana Gṛhyasūtra, I.5.2

[411] Āpastamba Gṛhyasūtra, I. 3.19

[412] anucitavarasaṃpradāna, Mālatīmādhava,II.6

[413] anyathā tasminnavare dudarśaneatikrāntayovane kimiti na vicaritamātyena /
Ibid.,p.46

[414] tadeva cāsmatsaudāminīsamakṣamanayorbhūrivasudevarātayorvṛtteyaṃ pratijñāavaśyamāvābhyāmapatyasambandhaḥ kartavya iti /
Ibid.,I.p.14

[415] idamatra ramaṇīataraṃ yadamātyorbhūrivasudevarātayościrātpūr
ṇo‟ayamitaretarāpatyasaṃvandhātmā manorathaḥ //
Ibid.,X.p.216

[416] pratyāsannastvarayatitarāṃjanyayātrāpraveśaḥ Ibid.,VI.2 mālatīvivāhaparikarmasatvarapratīhāraśataśaṃkulāpradeśādapakramya mādhavāpakāraṃ pratyabhiniviṣṭā bhavāmi /
Ibid.,VI.p.120

[417] asmākamekapada eva marudvikīrṇa /
jīmūtajālarasitānukṛtirninādaḥ //
gambhīramaṅgalamṛdaṅgasahasrajanmā /
śabdāntaragrahaṇaśaktimapākaroti //
Ibid.,VI. 4

[418] pratihārī -bhagavatī amātyo bhaṇati etena narendrānupreṣitena vivāha nepathyena devatā puratoalaṃkartavyā mālatīti /
Ibid.,VI.p.125 109 etattāvatdhavalapaṭṭāṃśuka colakametaccottarīyaṃ raktavarṇāṃśukam /
ime sarvāṅgikā ābharaṇ saṃyogāḥ /
Ibid.

[419] Atharvaveda, XIV.II.41 -42, 48-49

[420] Ibid., XIV.,II.51

[421] imāḥsavilāsakavalitatāmbulavīṭikāpūritakapolamaṇḍalābhogavyatikaraskhalitama dhuramaṅgalodgītavadhakolāhalairvividharatnālaṃkārakiraṇāvalīviḍamvbita mahendracāpavichedavichuritanabhaḥsthalairvārasundarīkadambairadhyāsitā utkvaṇatkanakakiṃkiṇījālajanjaṃkāriṇyakariṇyaḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
,VI.p.122

[422] kartavyeṣu śravaṇasubhagaṃ bhūmidevāḥ paṭhantu /
citraṃ nāāvacananivahaiśceṣṭayatāṃ maṅgaleb hyaḥ //
Ibid., VI.2114 sakhi asminpāṇigrahaṇamaṅgalārambhe kalyāṇasaṃpattinimittaṃ devatāḥ pūjayetyamb ayānupreṣitāsi //
Ibid.,VI.p.127

[423] Atharvaveda,XIV.I.50-54

[424] ayaṃ ca navavadhūgṛhapraveśaviracitākālakaumudīmahotsavapra vṛttiparyākulā śeṣaparijanaḥ pradoṣoanukulayiṣyatyadya no vyavasitam /
Mālatīmādhava, VII.p.130

[425] Joshi, S.C., Women Empowerment Myth and Reality, pp.207-210

[426] upaupa me parā mṛśa mā me dabhrāṇi manyathāḥ /
sarvāhamasmi raumaśā gaṅdhārīṇāmivāvikā //
Ṛgveda, I.126.7119 Aiyar, Ramaswami C.P., The Cultural Heritage of India, p.606

[427] Mahābhārata, XII.320

[428] Ibid., IX.54.6

[429] Knapp,Stephan, Women in Vedic Culture, http:/ www.stephen-knapp.com

[430] Manusmṛti, III. 56-59

[431] saugatajaratparivrājikāyāstu kāmandakyāḥ prathamāṃ bhūmikāṃ bhāva /
Mālatīmādhava, I.p.10

[432] kathamiyaṃ sā bhagavatyāḥ pakṣapātasthānamādyaśiṣyāṃ saudāminī /
Ibid., IX.p.213

[433] bhagavatī sā saudāminyadhunā samāsāditāścarya mantrasidhiprabhāvā srīparvate kāpālika vrataṃ dhārayati /
Ibid.,I.p.18

[434] eṣāsmi saudāminī bhagavataḥ śrīparvatādutpatya padmāvatīmupāśritā
Ibid.,IX.p.176

[435] vyatikara iva bhīmastāmasau vaidyutaśca/
kṣaṇamupahitacakṣurvṛttirūdbhūya śāntaḥ//
kathamiha mama vatsastatkimetat kimanyat/
prabhavati hi mahimnā svena yogīśvarīyam//
Ibid.,X.8 129 sā yoginyambarato vighaṭitajaladābhyupaityayaṃ yasyāḥ/
vāgamṛtajalāsāro jaladajalāsāramatiśete//
Ibid.,X.17

[436] astyetatnaredravacanānurodhināmātyena nandanasya pratipannā mālatīti /
Ibid., I.p.55

[437] yenapratyāśānibandhanairvacanasaṃvidhānairjīvayitvemaṃmahābībhatsāram bhamanubhāvitāsmi /
sāṃprataṃ punarmanoratho me eṣa eva yattasya devasya parakīyatvenāparārdhamātmānaṃparityakṣāmīt//
Ibid., VI.p.130

[438] anantaraṃ ca yātrābhaṅgapracalitasya mahataḥ paurajanasya saṃkulena
vighaṭitāyāṃ tasyāmāgatoasmi /
Ibid.,I.p.36

[439] anantaraṃ ca yātrābhaṅgapracalitasya mahataḥ paurajanasya saṃkulena vighaṭitāyāṃ tasyāmāgatoasmi /
Ibid., I.p.36

[440] adya kṛṣṇacaturdaśīti bhagavatyā samaṃ mālatī Śaṅkaragṛhaṃ gamiṣyati /
tat evaṃ kila saubhāgyaṃ vardhata iti devatārādha nanimittaṃ svahastakusumāvacayamuddiśya lavaṅgikādvitīyāṃ
mālatīṃbhagavatyeva kusumākarodyāneṣyati /
Ibid., III.p.66

[441] ayi kiṃ vetsi yadekatra no vidyāparigrahāya nānādigantavāsināṃ sāhasaryamāsīt /
Ibid.,I.p.14

[442] Vide, Altekar, A.S., The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization, p.14

[443] tayāpyātmano vinodanimittaṃ mādhavapratichandakamālikhitam /
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.17

[444] Sharma,Shashi Prabha., Basic Principles of Education, p.3139 Ibid.,p.4

[445] Vide, Hawker, Sara, Oxford English Dictionary, p.217

[446] Altekar,A.S., Education in Ancient India, p.9142 Ibid.

[447] astidakṣiṇāpathe vidarbheṣu padmapuraṃ nāma nagaraṃ /
tatra kecitaittirīyiṇaḥ /
kāśyapāścaraṇaguravaḥ /
Mālatīmādhava, I.p.7 144 caraṇaśabdaḥ śākhāviśeṣādhyayanaparaikatāpannajanasaṅgavācī /
Jagaddhara on Ibid., I. p.7 145 tatra samuhe te guravaḥ kriyāṃ kṛtvā vedādhyāpayitāraḥ /Ibid.

[448] te śrotriyāstatvaviniścayāya bhūri śrutaṃ śāśvatamādriyante /
iṣṭāya pūrtāya ca karmaṇearthāndārānapatyāya tapoarthamāyuḥ //Ibid., I.5

[449] śrotriyāśchandoadhyetāraḥ
Jagaddhara on Ibid., I.p.7

[450] tadāmuṣyāyaṇasya tatrabhavataḥ sugṛhītanāmno bhaṭṭagopālasya pautraḥ pavitrakīrter nīlakaṇṭhasyātmasaṃbhavo bhaṭṭaśrīkaṇṭhapadalāñcano bhavabhūtirnāma jātukarṇīputraḥ kavinisargasauhṛdena bharateṣu svakṛtimevaprāyaguṇabhūyasīmasmākamarpitavān /
Ibid., I.p.8

[451] tadidānīṃ vidarbharājamantrinā satādevarātena mādhavaṃ putramānvīk ṣikīśravaṇāya kuṇḍinapurādimāṃ padmāvatīṃ prahiṣṇatā suvihitam /
Ibid.150 atra vālasuhṛdā makarandena saha vidyāmānvīkṣikīmadhīgacchati /
Ibid., II.p.60

[452] ayi kiṃ va vetsi yadekatra no vidyāparigrahāya nānādigantavāsināṃ sāhasaryamāsīt /
Ibid., I.p.14

[453] Vide, Chaturvedi, S., Ṛgveda Bhāṣyabhūmikā of Sāyaṇācārya,p.22153 yadvedādhyanaṃ/
Mālatīmādhava,I.7

[454] tathopaniṣadāṃ/
Ibid.

[455] sāṃkhya yogo lokāyataṃ cetyānvīkṣikī /
Arthaśastra,I.I.10 156 devarātena mādhavaṃ putramānvīkṣikīśravaṇāya kuṇḍinapurādimāṃ padmāvatīṃ prahiṣṇvatā suvihitam /
Mālatīmādhava, I.p.14

[456] atra vālasuhṛdā makarandena saha vidyāmānvīkṣikīmadhigachati /
Ibid., II.p.60

[457] sāṃkhyaṃ saṃkhyātmakatvācca kapilādibhirucyate /
Matsyapūrāṇa, 3.26

[458] pravartate triguṇataḥ samudayāt sa/
Sāṃkhya Kārikā,16

[459] tadvārthamātranirbhāsaṃ svarūpaśūnyaṃ samādhiḥ /
Yogasūtra., III.2,3

[460] gurucaryātapastantramantrayogābhiyogajām /
Mālatīmādhava., IX.V.52

[461] kāyākāśayoḥ sambandhasaṃyamā llaghutulasamāpatteścākāśagamanam /
Yogasūtra, III.41

[462] Hiriyanna. M, Outlines of Indian Philosophy,p.187164 Uttararāacarita, IV

[463] tayāpyātmano vinodanimittaṃ mādhavaprachandakamalikhitaṃ tallavaṅgikayā mandārikāyā hasteadyanihitaṃ tāvat /
Mālatīmādhava., I.p.17

[464] draṣṭavyarupā ca bhavato vikārahetustadatraivālikhyatāṃ mālatī /
Ibid., I.p.38

[465] tadupanaya citraphalakaṃ citravartikā śca /
Ibid.

[466] saṃgītaśālā .,Ibid., II.p.44

[467] Ibid., VI.p.111

[468] tvamapi svabhāvainaiva tasminnavasareasaṃgītakaṃ nartitāsi/
Ibid., II.p.48

[469] kathamavalokitābudharakṣite kalahaṃsakena saha pramodanirbharaṃ nṛtyantyāvita evāgachataḥ /
Ibid., X.p.216

[470] Vide, Aiyar, Ramaswami, C.P., Op, cit, p.496

[471] Spellman, John W., Political Theory of Ancient India, p.21

[472] Altekar,A.S. State and Government in Ancient India, p.104

[473] Āpastamba Dharmasūtra, I.1.2.1

[474] Vide, Aiyar, Ramaswami ., op.cit., p.501

[475] Arthaśāstra,I.19

[476] Mahābhārata,XII.90.3-5

[477] Mālatīmādhava,II.p.52

[478] Ibid.,I. p.55

[479] Ibid.,X.23

[480] Ibid.,X.p.215

[481] Manusmṛti,VII.80

[482] mahārājoapi kila mantriduhitrorvipralambhavṛtāntaṃ śrutvā /
saṃjātamatsarādhikṣepastatkṣaṇavisarjitānekaprauḍhapadātini vahaścandrātapena//
Mālatīmādhava,VIII.p.169

[483] Mahābhārata, XII.56.39-40

[484] smartavyaṃ tu saujanyamasya narapateryadparādhvayorapyanaparādhvayoriva
sāṃprataṃ ceṣṭitavān/
Mālatīmādhava,VIII.p.172

[485] kalahaṃsakādabhijanaṃ jñvātvā nivartitamahārghaguruvadumānaḥ/
Ibid., VIII.p.171

[486] Mahābhārata, XII.93.76

[487] amātyautpattiḥ
Arthaśāstra,I.6

[488] Manusmṛti,VII.54

[489] astyetatnarendravacanānurodhināmātyena nandanasya pratipannā mālatīti /
Mālatīmādhava,II.p.55

[490] rājārādhanaṃ khalu tātasya gurukaṃ na punarmālatī /
anyathā tasminvare durdarśane‟atikrāntayauvane kimiti na vicāritamātyena //
Ibid.,II.p.56

[491] asti vidarbhādhipateramātyaḥ samagradhuryapuruṣaprakāṇḍac akracūḍām
anir devarāto nāma yamaśeṣabhuvanamah anīyapuṇyamahimānam//
Ibid,II.p.58

[492] vide, Ahuja, Ram., Indian Social System, p.433

[493] padmāvatī vimalavāriviśālasindhu/
pārāsaritparikarachalato bibharti //
uttuṅgasaudhasuramandiragopurāṭṭa /
saṃghaṭṭapāṭitavimuktamivāntarikṣam //
Mālatīmādhava, IX.1

[494] tadidānīṃ vidarbharājamantrinā satā devarātena mādhavaṃ putramānvīkṣikīśravaṇāya kuṇḍinapurādimāṃ padmāvatīṃ prahiṣṇatā suvihitam /
Ibid.,I.p.14

[495] tayāpyātmano vinodanimittaṃ mādhavapratichandakamalikhitaṃ tallavaṅgikayā mandārikāyā hasteadyanihitaṃ tāvat /
Ibid., I.p.17
draṣṭavyarupā ca bhavato vikārahetustadatraivālikhyatāṃ mālatī /
Ibid., I.p.38198 Ibid., VI.p.125199 Ibid.

[496] vividhāyudha /
Ibid., VIII. P.170

[497] khaṅgāhati/
Ibid.,V.29

[498] nagarakṣipuruṣā /
Ibid., VIII.p.166

[499] Mahāvīracarita, I.pp.13-14, III.43

[500] Uttararāmacarita,II.p.53

[501] Mālatīmādhava,I.1,2,3

[502] Ibid., I.p.7

[503] bhagavati sā saudāminyadhunā samāsāditāścaryamantrasidhiprabhābhā śrīparvate kāpalikavrataṃ dhārayati /
Ibid.,I.p.18

[504] astyatra nagaryāṃ mahāśmaśānapradeśe karālā nāma cāmuṇḍā /
asti yā kila vividhajivopahārapriyeti sāhasikānāṃ pravādaḥ /
Ibid., I.pp.18-19

[505] karālāyatanaṃ yatra paryavasitamantrasādhanasyāsmadguroraghoragh
aṇṭasyājñayā saviśeṣamadya pūjāsaṃbhāro mayā saṃnidhāpanīyaḥ //
Ibid.,V.p.97

[506] kathitaṃ ca me guruṇāvatse kapālakuṇḍale adya bhagavatyāḥ karālāyāḥ prāgupayācitaṃ strīratnamupahartavyaṃ tadatreva nagare viditamāste //
Ibid.

[507] saugatajaratparivrājikāyāstu kāmandakyāḥ/
Ibid.,I.p.10 mahānkhalveṣa bhagavatyāścittavikṣepaḥ / Ibid.,I.p.13

[508] koapi kālo bhagavatyāḥ piṇḍapātavelāṃ varjayitvā mālatīmanuvartamānāyāḥ //
Ibid., III.p.62 9 Vide, Pandey, M.L.V. History of Indian Theatre, p.135

[509] vandyā tvameva jagataḥ spṛhaṇīyasidhi /
revaṃvidhairvilasitairatibodhisatvaiḥ //
Mālatīmādhava
,X.21

[510] Vide, William, M. Buddhism, p.98

[511] Vide,Pandey,M.L.V.Op.,cit.p.258

[512] Vide,Ray,Saradaranjan.,(ed.& trans.), Bhavabhūti’s Uttararacharita with Sanskrit commentary, Introductory Essay,p.xx

[513] ato yadasmākamarpitaṃ priyasuhṛdā tatra bhavatā bhavabhūtināmnā prakaraṇaṃ svakṛtirmālatīmādhavaṃ nāma tadeva tatrabhavataḥ kālapriyanāthasya purataḥ prayogeṇa prakhyāpayitamudyatāh //
Mālatīmādhava, I.p.1015 Ibid.,Introduction.p.4

[514] mādhavoapi kautūhalamutpādya mayā pravṛttamadanamahotsavaṃ makarandodyānamadya prabhāteanupreṣitaḥ /
Ibid., I.p.18

[515] adya kṛṣṇacaturdaśīti bhagavatyā samaṃ mālatīṃ śaṅkaragṛhaṃ gamiṣyati /
tat evaṃ kila saubhāgyaṃ vardhata iti devatārādhana nimittaṃ svahastakusumāa cayamuddiśyalavaṅgikādvitīyāṃ mālatīṃ bhagavatyeva kusumākarodyānaṃāneṣyati//
Mālatīmādhava,III.p.63

[516] ahaṃ khalu śaṅkaragṛhameva prasthitayā priyasakhyā madayantika yāmantritā /
Ibid.

[517] yābacca saṃbandhinī na parāpatanti tāvadvatsayā mālatyā nagaradevatāgṛhamvighnamaṅgalāyagantavyamityatpādiśantibhagavatīnirdeśa vartinoa mātyadārāḥ /
Ibid.,VI.p.120

[518] prāyaḥ śubhaṃ ca vidadhātyaśubhaṃ ca jantoḥ /
sarvaṅkaṣā bhagavatī bhavitavyataiva //
Ibid., I.23

[519] tathā me bhagavatyāśiṣaṃ karotu yena janmāntareapi tāvapriyasakhīṃ prekṣiṣye /
Ibid., X.p.207

[520] vivṛṣvateva kalyāṇamantarajñena cakṣuṣā sphuratā vāmakenāpi dākṣiṇyamavalambyate //
Ibid., I.8

[521] Kāmasūtra, I.3.16

[522] Mālatīmādhava, I.p.38 25 Ibid.26 Ibid.

[523] tayāpyātmano vinodanimittaṃ mādhavapraticchandakamālikhitaṃ tallavaṅgikayā mandārikāyā hasteadyanihitaṃ tāvat /
Ibid., I.p.17

[524] draṣṭavyarupā ca bhavato vikārahetustadatraivālikhyatāṃ mālatī /
Ibid., I.p.38

[525] saṃgītaśālā ......... Ibid., II.p.44

[526] tvamapi svabhāvenaiva tasminnavasareasaṃgītakaṃ nartitāsi /
Ibid., II.p.48

[527] tasya sa yadṛchayā nirantaranipatitāni vikasitāni kusumānyādāya
vidagdharacanāmanoharāṃ srajamabhinirmātumārabdhavānasmi /
Ibid.,I.p.25

[528] Vide, Hawker,Sara,Oxford English Dictionary,p.31

[529] padmāvatī vimalavāriviśālasindhu/
pārāsaritparikarachalato bibharti //
uttuṅgasaudhasuramandiragopurāṭṭa /
saṃghaṭṭapāṭitavimuktamivāntarikṣam //
Ibid., IX.1

[530] Ibid.,VIII.171

[531] Ibid.,I.15

[532] Ibid.,II.p.45

[533] tāṃ khalu parāvartamānāmeva haste gṛhītvā pratiṣiddhaparijanā bhartṛdārikoparyalindakaṃ samārūḍhā/
Ibid.,II.p.45

[534] anekaprauḍhapadātinivahaścandrātapenasaudhaśikharasthitaḥprekṣata/
Ibid.,VIII.p.169

[535] bhūyo bhūyaḥ savidhanagarīrathyayā paryaṭantaṃ dṛṣṭvā dṛṣṭvā bhavanavallabhītuṅgavātāyanasthā /
Ibid.,I.1540 vāsabhavanānnirgataḥ /
Ibid., VII.p.141

[536] gatoabhyantaraṃ rājā /
Ibid.,VIII.p.171

[537] ito mālatī vivāhaparikarma satvarapratīhāraśata /
Ibid., VI.p.120

[538] tadanena pakṣadvāreṇa nirgatya sādhayāmaḥ /
Ibid.,VII.p.159

[539] avalokite ita itaḥ sopānenāvatarābaḥ /
Ibid., II.p.61

[540] gatoahamavalokitājanitakautukaḥ kāmadevāyatanam /
Ibid., I.p.25

[541] anantaraṃ ca saṃsāriṇīvadevasya makaraketanasya jagadvijayavaijayantikā nirgatya garbhabhavanādujjvala /
Ibid.

[542] vayasya itastāvatstambhāpavārito tiṣṭhāvaḥ /
Ibid., VI.p.126

[543] etad devatāmandiradvāram tatpraviśāvaḥ /
Ibid., VI.p.126

[544] tadehi jālamārgeṇa paśyāmaḥ /
Ibid.,VI.p.122

[545] Vihāra., Ibid., I.p.18

[546] vayasya nanvamātyabhavanāsannarathyayaiva vahuśḥ saṃcarāvahe /
Ibid,I.p.4052 Ibid.,V.p.102

[547] Mālatīmādhava, IX.p.190

[548] prakṛtilalitametatsaukumāryaikasāraṃ /
vapurayamapi satyaṃ dāruṇaḥ pacñabāṇaḥ //
calitamalayavātodbhūtacūtaprasūnaḥ/
kathamayamapi kālaścārucandrāvataṃsaḥ //
Ibid., III.14

[549] etāścacandanāśvakarṇakesarapāṭalāprāyatarugahanāḥpariṇatamālūrasura bhayoaraṇya giribhūmayaḥ /
Ibid., IX.p. 177

[550] idaṃ tāvatpurāṇanimba tailāktaparibhṛjyamānar asonagandhibhiścitādhūmaiḥ purastādvibhāvitasya mahataḥ śmaśānavāṭasya nedīyaḥ karālāyatanaṃ yatra /
Ibid.,V.p.97

[551] kāmaṃ pradīpayati rūpamabhivyanakti /
saubhāgyamāvahati vaktrasugandhitāṃ ca//
ūrjaṃ karoti kaphajāṃśca nihanti rogām/
tāmbūlamevamaparāṃśca guṇān karoti //
Bṛhatsaṃhitā
, 77-35

[552] imāḥsavilāsavalitatāmbulavīṭikāpūritakapolamaṇḍalā bhogavyatikaraskhalita madhuramaṅgalakolāhalai.... /
Mālatīmādhava,VI.p.122

[553] somapīthīnaḥ somo latāviśeṣo hutaśeṣo vā tatpāyinaḥ /
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.7

[554] tatracetastatataḥparikramyāvalokyacapariśramādullasitamadirāmodamadh uraparimalā./
Ibid,I.p.25

[555] agaṇitaskhaladuttarīyā /
Mālatīmādhava, IV.8

[556] taduttarīyāpavāritaḥ /
Ibid.,VII.p.142

[557] nīvībandhocchvasanam//
Ibid.,II.5

[558] jaghanavastravandhanaṃ nīvī /
Jagaddhara on Ibid., II.p.55

[559] atha tāḥ salīlamuttālakarakamalatālikātara lavalayāvalīkamutrasta mattakalahaṃsasa vibhramābhirāmacaraṇasaṃcara ṇajaṇjaṇāyamān amajñumañjīra rasitānu vidhamekhalā kalāpakala kiṃkiṇīraṇatkār amukharaṃ parivṛtya /
Mālatīmādhava,I.p.29

[560] mugdhanepathyaviracanā vibhāvitakumārībhāvā mahābhāvaprakṛti /
Ibid., I.p.25

[561] jalanibiḍitavastravyanaktanimnonnatābhiḥ parigataṭabhūmiḥ snātamātraotthitābhiḥ /
stanavinihita hastasvastikābhi rvadhūbhiḥ /
Ibid., IV.10

[562] tataḥ parivṛtya raktapaṭṭikānepathye kāmandakyavalokite praviśataḥ /
Ibid.,I.12 69 cīracīvaraparichadāṃ / Ibid., I.p.13

[563] cīreṇa vastrakhaṇḍena /
cīvaraṃ saugataparivrājakavāsastadeva parichadaḥ parikaro yasyāstām /
Jagaddhara on Ibid., I.p.13

[564] cchāyāsaṃvalitairvivartibhiriva prānteṣu paryāvṛttāḥ /
vyaktākhaṇḍalakārmukā iva bhavantyuccitracīnāṃśuka//
Ibid.,VI.572 etattāvatdhavalapaṭṭāṃśuka colakametaccottarīyaṃ raktavarṇāṃśukam/
Ibid.,VI.p.125

[565] athatāḥsalīlamuttālakarakamalatālikātarala valayāvalīka mutrastamala kalahaṃsasaṃvibhramābhirāmacaraṇasaṃcaraṇajaṇ ajaṇāyamānamañjumañjīra/
Ibid.,I.p.29

[566] parimṛditacampakāvalivilāsalalitālasairaṅgaiḥ /
Ibid., III.p.675 ātmanaḥ kaṇṭhādavatarya bakulamālāṃ dadāti /
Ibid.,VII.p.16676 vividharatnālaṃkārakiraṇāvalīviḍamvitamahendracāpavicheda vichuritanabhaḥsthalairvārasundarīkaadambairadhyāsitā utkvaṇatkanakakiṃkiṇījālajaṇajaṇajaṅkāriṇyaḥ /
Ibid., VI.p.122

[567] preṅkhadbhūrimayūkhamecakacayairūnmeṣicāṣacchada /
cchāyāsaṃvalitairvivartibhirivaprānteṣu paryāvṛtāḥ//
vyaktākhaṇḍalakārmukā iva bhavantyuccitracīn
prastārasthagitā ivonmukhamaṇijyotirvitānairdiśaḥ /
Ibid.,VI.5

[568] ime ca sarvāṅgikā ābharaṇasaṃyogāḥ /
ayaṃ ca mauktihāraḥ candanam cit kusumāpīḍa iti /
Ibid.,VI.p.125

[569] utkṣiptamūkamaṇinūpuramehi yāmaḥ /
Ibid.,VII.3

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