Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study)

by Debabrata Barai | 2014 | 105,667 words

This page relates ‘Poetic conventions regarding to the Moonlight’ of the English study on the Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara: a poetical encyclopedia from the 9th century dealing with the ancient Indian science of poetics and rhetoric (also know as alankara-shastra). The Kavya-mimamsa is written in eighteen chapters representing an educational framework for the poet (kavi) and instructs him in the science of applied poetics for the sake of making literature and poetry (kavya).

Part 7.9 - Poetic conventions regarding to the Moonlight

In poetic convention, there are two different conventions are found about moonlight:—

  1. Holding up the moonlight by hands and
  2. Absence of moonlight during the descending phase of moon and darkness.

(i) Poetic conventions relating to the holding up of moonlight in hands:

In this poetic convention allow to the poets to describe the moon light as to hold up by hand and carried in a pitcher. The moon also made of nectar.

In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā illustrate the description of moonlight as being handed by human being from the ślokas of Viddhaśālabhañjikā as:

yantradrāvitake takodaradalastrotaḥśriyaṃ bibhratī
  yeyaṃ mauktikadāmagumphanavidheryogyacchaviḥ prāgabhūt
|
utsecyā kalaśībhirañjalipuैṭargāhyā mṛṇālāṅkuraiḥ
  pātavyā ca śaśinyamugdhavabhave sā vartate candrikā
|| ”

- Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara: Ch-XIV, Pp- 80-81

In the śloka described the moonlight to be held up hands and filled in pitchers. There moonlight is also to be drunk through lotus stalks. Therefore moonlight is seems to be nectar and it possesses the quality of a real substance.

(2) Poetic conventions relating to the absence of moonlight during the descending phase of moon:

In poetic convention doesn’t permit to the poet have to describe in their poetical composition either darkness during white fortnight or moonlight during dark fortnight.

In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā illustrated the both moonlight and darkness is similar with Balarāma and Lord Kṛṣṇa as:

dadṛśāte janaistatra yātrāyāṃ saku tūhalaiḥ |
balabhadrapralambaghnau pakṣāviva sitāsitau || ”

- Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara: Ch-XIV, Pp- 81

There he also says that during every month the moonlight is equal in both Sukla and Kṛṣṇa Pakṣas.

māsi māsi samā jyotsnā pakṣayoḥ śuklakṛṣṇayoḥ |
tatrakaiḥ śuklatāṃ yāto yaśaḥ puṇyairavāpyate || ”

- Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara: Ch-XIV, Pp- 81

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