Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study)

by Debabrata Barai | 2014 | 105,667 words

This page relates ‘idea or theme of Kavya (poetry)—Introduction’ of the English study on the Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara: a poetical encyclopedia from the 9th century dealing with the ancient Indian science of poetics and rhetoric (also know as alankara-shastra). The Kavya-mimamsa is written in eighteen chapters representing an educational framework for the poet (kavi) and instructs him in the science of applied poetics for the sake of making literature and poetry (kavya).

Part 6.1a - The idea or theme of Kāvya (poetry)—Introduction

To Rājaśekhara, the idea or theme of kāvya (poetry) is classified into three parts—i.e.

  1. Anyayoni,
  2. Nihynutyoni [nihnutayoni?] and
  3. Ayoni.

Anyayoni have two sub-types: Pratibimbakalpa and Ālekhyaprakhya. Nihynutyoni’s [nihnutayoni?] two sub-types are Tulyadehitulya and Parapurapraveśasadṛśa but Ayoni has no sub-division. These types of five classification of subject matter done by Rājaśekhara to take advantage of views of Vāmana and Ānandavardhana. Rājaśekhara approves the views of Vāmana and recognized it.

Vāmana in the history of Sanskrit poetics analyzed ‘artha’ in kāvya (poetry) into three divisions by saying:

artho dvividho'yoniranyacchāyāyoniśca |
vyaktaḥ sūkṣmaśca | sūkṣmo bhāvyo vāsanīyaśca || ”

- Kāvyālaṃkārasūṭra-vṛtti of Vāmana: Ch-III/2/7-9

Therefore, Ānandavardhana in his Dhvanyāloka developed this concept about three types of artha in kāvya (poetry) and there his definite improvement on the older theory as:

saṃvādo hyanyasādṛśyaṃ tatpunaḥ pratibiṃvat |
ālokhyaprakhyavattulyadehivacca śarīriṇām || ”

- Dhvanyāloka of Ānandavardhana: IV/12

Kavyartha (meaning of poetry)

Kāvyārtha (Meaning of poetry); Anyayoni; Nihynutyoni [nihnutayoni?]; Ayoni; Pratibimbakalpa; Ālekhyaprakha; a) Vyastaka a) Samakrama b) Khaṇḍa b) Vibhūṣaṇamoṣa c) Tailabindu c) Vyutkrama d) Naṭanepathyam d) Viśeṣokti e) Chandovinimaya e) Uttamsa f) Hetuvyatyaya f) Naṭanepathaya g) Saṃkrāntakam g) Ekaparikārya h) Sampuṭaḥ h) Pratyāpatti Tulyadehitulya; Parapurapraveśasadṛśa; a) Viṣayaparivarta a) Huḍayuddha b) Dvandvavicchitti b) Pratikañcuka c) Ratnamālā c) Vastusañcāra d) Sankhyollekha d) Dhātuvāda e) Cūlikā e) Satkāra f) Vidhānāpahāra f) Jīvañjīvaka g) Māṇikyapuñja g) Bhāvamudrā h) Kandaḥ h) Tadvirodhī.

Let's grow together!

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: