Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study)

by Debabrata Barai | 2014 | 105,667 words

This page relates ‘Rajashekhara’s descriptions on Origin of Poetry’ of the study on the Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara: a poetical encyclopedia from the 9th century dealing with the ancient Indian science of poetics and rhetoric (also know as alankara-shastra). The Kavya-mimamsa is written in eighteen chapters representing an educational framework for the poet (kavi) and instructs him in the science of applied poetics for the sake of making literature and poetry (kavya).

Part 2 - Rājaśekhara’s descriptions on Origin of Poetry

In the third chapter of Rājaśekhara’s Kāvyamīmāṃsā described the story relating to the kāvyapuruṣotpatti (origin of poetry), origin of metrical composition with its subsequent developments in a chronological order. The story also connected with the customs and manners prevents in the different parts of India and also the marriage of Kāvya-puruṣa (poetry) with Sāhitya-Vidyā-Vadhū (literary criticism). The novel concept of Kāvya-puruṣaḥ is the fruit of Rājaśekhara’s poetic genius and it probably suggested by nation of Veda-puruṣa. In this description Rājaśekhara seems to be the only Ālaṃkārika who may be try to appreciates of women participation in poetic world.

The story of Kāvya-puruṣaḥ given by Rājaśekhara is based on Purāṇas (myths). However, we have found many other Sanskrit literatures also gives the various accounts of origin of Kāvya-puruṣaḥ i.e. Mahābhārata, Buddhacarita and Bāṇa’s Harṣacarita[1]. But Rājaśekhara gives this legendary account of origin of kāvya brings into the light of paramount important which is attach to poetic expression.

Footnotes and references:


Vāyupūrāṇa: Ch- 65, Mahābhārata: Śāntiparva- 359, Śalya parva: Ch. 52 and Buddahacarita: 1/47

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