by Debabrata Barai | 2014 | 105,667 words
This page relates ‘Rajashekhara and Prakriita Language’ of the study on the Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara: a poetical encyclopedia from the 9th century dealing with the ancient Indian science of poetics and rhetoric (also know as alankara-shastra). The Kavya-mimamsa is written in eighteen chapters representing an educational framework for the poet (kavi) and instructs him in the science of applied poetics for the sake of making literature and poetry (kavya).
Rājaśekhara was well-versed in many languages. To him all the languages are equal:
“svatantrasya punare kabhāṣāvatsarvā api bhāṣāḥ syuḥ |”
- Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara: Ch-X, Pp- 51
His definition of kavirāja in the Kāvyamīmāṃsā also requires that, he should be proficient in different language and Karpūramañjarī would seem to illustration on this.
There he says a good poet should pay attention to all the languages, based on his ability, taste and curiosity:
“saṃskṛtavatsarvāsvapi bhāṣāsu yathāsāmarthyaṃ yathārūci yathākautukaṃ cāvahitaḥ syāt |”
- Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara: Ch-IX, Pp- 48
“eko'rthaḥ saṃskṛtottayā sasukaviracanaḥ prākṛtenāparo'sminnanyo'pabhraṃśagīrbhiḥ
kimaparamaparo bhūtabhāṣākrameṇa |
dvitrābhiḥ ko'pi vāgbhirbhavati catasṛbhiḥ kiñca kaścidvivetkuṃ
yasyetthaṃ dhīḥ pragalbhā snapayati sukavestasya kīrttirjaganti || ”
- Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara: Ch-IX, Pp- 48-49
An intellect poet when ready in various languages than he acquires fame all throughout the world. In the Bālarāmāyaṇa, Rājaśekhara described that the Prākṛta language as elegant and possessing natural sweetness, and Apabhraṃśa also very elegant, Bhūtabhāṣā as well-formed.
- Bālarāmāyaṇa of Rājaśekhara -I/11
“paruṣāḥ saṃvkiabaṃdho pāudabaṃdho bi hoī suumāro |
purusasamahilāṇaṃ jottiamihaṃtaraṃ tottiamimāṇaṃ ||”
- Karpūramañjarī of Rājaśekhara: I/ 8