Anumana in Indian Philosophy

by Sangita Chakravarty | 2016 | 48,195 words

This page relates ‘Fallacies in Anumana (in Samkhya-Yoga Philosophy)’ of the study on the concept of Anumana (inference) in the Vedic schools of Indian Philosophy. Anumana usually represents the most authentic means of valid knowledge. This paper discusses the traditional philosophical systems such as Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa and Vedanta.

(C). Fallacies in Anumāna (in Sāṃkhya-Yoga Philosophy)

No extant text of the Sāṃkhya-Yoga discusses the fallacies in anumāna. The Māṭharavṛtti makes reference to them without making any explicit explanation on them. It states that there are thirty three fallacies of anumāna. Out of them nine like contradiction by perception, etc, refer to the fallacies of pakṣa; fourteen like unproved (asiddha), non-conclusive (anekāntika) and contradictory (viruddha) etc. are the fallacies of probans, and ten are the fallacies of example.[1] The subject of fallacies in anumāna might have been referred to in the earlier texts of the Sāṃkhya-Yoga system but their unavailability has rendered the matter hazy. Again, the extant texts of the Sāṃkhya-Yoga system are silent over the important issue of fallacies in anumāna. The statement of Māṭharavṛtti that anumāna has thirty three fallacies, is without explanation and therefore bears little significance.

Footnotes and references:


Ibid.,p. 168

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