Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 5.79.20

नानात्वमस्ति कलनासु न वस्तुतोऽन्तर्नानाविधासु सरसीषु जलादि नान्यत् ।
इत्येकनिश्चयमयः पुरुषो विमुक्त इत्युच्यते समवलोकितसम्यगर्थः ॥ २० ॥

nānātvamasti kalanāsu na vastuto'ntarnānāvidhāsu sarasīṣu jalādi nānyat |
ityekaniścayamayaḥ puruṣo vimukta ityucyate samavalokitasamyagarthaḥ || 20 ||

Plurality of things is the creation of imagination, without their existence in reality. It is like the multifarious forms of the waves in the sea, which are in reality its water only. The man therefore, that relies on his firm faith in the unity, is said to be truly liberated and perfect in his knowledge.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.79.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nanatva, Asti, Kalana, Nanavidha, Sarasi, Jala, Yat, Yad, Iti, Itya, Ekanishcaya, Aya, Ayas, Purusha, Vimukta, Ucyat, Sama, Kita, Artha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 5.79.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “nānātvamasti kalanāsu na vastuto'ntarnānāvidhāsu sarasīṣu jalādi nānyat”
  • nānātvam -
  • nānātva (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nānātvam (adverb)
    nānātvam (nominative single)
    nānātvam (accusative single)
  • asti -
  • asti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    astī (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    asti (adverb)
    asti (vocative single)
    astī (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    asti (compound)
    asti (adverb)
    asti (vocative single)
    astī (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    asti (compound)
    asti (adverb)
    asti (nominative single)
    asti (vocative single)
    asti (accusative single)
    as (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    asti (present active third single)
  • kalanāsu -
  • kalanā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kalanāsu (locative plural)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • vastuto' -
  • vastutaḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • antar -
  • antar (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    antar (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • nānāvidhāsu -
  • nānāvidhā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nānāvidhāsu (locative plural)
  • sarasīṣu -
  • sarasī (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sarasīṣu (locative plural)
  • jalā -
  • jala (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    jala (vocative single)
    jala (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    jala (vocative single)
    jalā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    jalā (nominative single)
    jalā (nominative single)
    jal (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    jala (imperative active second single)
  • adi -
  • ad (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    adi (locative single)
    ad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    adi (locative single)
  • nān -
  • na (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nān (accusative plural)
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    yad (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    yat (compound)
    yat (adverb)
    yat (nominative single)
    yat (vocative single)
    yat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    yat (nominative single)
    yat (vocative single)
    yat (accusative single)
    i -> yat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    yat (nominative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yat (vocative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yat (accusative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yat (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    yat (nominative single)
    yat (accusative single)
  • Line2: “ityekaniścayamayaḥ puruṣo vimukta ityucyate samavalokitasamyagarthaḥ”
  • itye -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    itī (nominative dual)
    itī (vocative dual)
    itī (accusative dual)
    itya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    itye (locative single)
    itya (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual)
    itye (vocative dual)
    itye (accusative dual)
    itye (locative single)
    ityā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual)
    itye (vocative single)
    itye (vocative dual)
    itye (accusative dual)
    i -> itya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    itye (locative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> itya (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (vocative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (accusative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (locative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (vocative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (vocative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (accusative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
  • ekaniścayam -
  • ekaniścaya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ekaniścayam (adverb)
    ekaniścayam (accusative single)
    ekaniścaya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    ekaniścayam (adverb)
    ekaniścayam (nominative single)
    ekaniścayam (accusative single)
    ekaniścayā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ekaniścayam (adverb)
  • ayaḥ -
  • ayas (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    ayaḥ (adverb)
    ayaḥ (nominative single)
    ayaḥ (vocative single)
    ayaḥ (accusative single)
    aya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ayaḥ (nominative single)
    i (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ayaḥ (nominative plural)
    ayaḥ (vocative plural)
    e (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    ayaḥ (nominative plural)
    ayaḥ (vocative plural)
    ayaḥ (accusative plural)
  • puruṣo* -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    puruṣaḥ (nominative single)
  • vimukta* -
  • vimukta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vimuktaḥ (nominative single)
  • ityu -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    itī (nominative dual)
    itī (vocative dual)
    itī (accusative dual)
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    ucyate (dative single), from √uc (class 4 verb)
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    ucyate (dative single), from √uc (class 4 verb)
    vac (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    ucyate (present passive third single)
    vac (verb class 3); (1 der.)
    ucyate (present passive third single)
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sama (vocative single)
    sama (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sama (vocative single)
    sam (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    sama (imperative active second single)
  • valo -
  • kita -
  • kita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kita (vocative single)
  • samyag -
  • samyak (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • arthaḥ -
  • artha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    arthaḥ (nominative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Yoga Vasistha Verse 5.79.20

Cover of Gujarati edition

Yoga Vasistha Maha Ramayana (Gujarati)
by Sahitya Sangam, Allahabad (0)

[યોગ વસિષ્ઠએ] 9788192776460.

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Preview of verse 5.79.20 in Gujarati sript:
નાનાત્વમસ્તિ કલનાસુ ન વસ્તુતોઽન્તર્નાનાવિધાસુ સરસીષુ જલાદિ નાન્યત્ ।
ઇત્યેકનિશ્ચયમયઃ પુરુષો વિમુક્ત ઇત્યુચ્યતે સમવલોકિતસમ્યગર્થઃ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2019)

Vasishtha Rama Samvadam (Telugu)
by Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad (2019)

Set of 4 Volumes; 9789383972142.

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Preview of verse 5.79.20 in Telugu sript:
నానాత్వమస్తి కలనాసు న వస్తుతోఽన్తర్నానావిధాసు సరసీషు జలాది నాన్యత్ ।
ఇత్యేకనిశ్చయమయః పురుషో విముక్త ఇత్యుచ్యతే సమవలోకితసమ్యగర్థః ॥ ౨౦ ॥

Cover of edition (2009)

The Yogavasistha (Hindi translation)
by Khemraj Shrikrishnadass (2009)

Set of 2 Volumes; Khemraj Edition.

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