Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 5.53.57

तर्दुःखैस्तापितो देहो मनो हन्तुमथेच्छति ।
पुत्रोऽपि हन्ति पितरमाततायिपदं गतम् ॥ ५७ ॥

tarduḥkhaistāpito deho mano hantumathecchati |
putro'pi hanti pitaramātatāyipadaṃ gatam || 57 ||

The body being harassed and oppressed with toil, attempts to stop and stay the mind; as an impious son intends to kill his father, when he finds him to stand an open foe to his life. (It is lawful to kill an enemy of one's life for self-defence). [Sanskrit: unclear]

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 5.53.57). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tarduḥkhaistāpito deho mano hantumathecchati”
  • Cannot analyse tarduḥkhaistāpito*de
  • deho* -
  • deha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dehaḥ (nominative single)
  • mano* -
  • manas (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    manaḥ (nominative single)
    manaḥ (vocative single)
    manaḥ (accusative single)
    mana (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    manaḥ (nominative single)
  • hantum -
  • han -> hantum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √han
    han -> hantum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √han
    hantu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    hantum (accusative single)
  • athe -
  • athā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    atha (indeclinable); (1 der.)
  • icchati -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    icchati (locative single), from √iṣ (class 6 verb)
    iṣ -> icchat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    icchati (locative single), from √iṣ (class 6 verb)
    iṣ (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    icchati (present active third single)
  • Line 2: “putro'pi hanti pitaramātatāyipadaṃ gatam”
  • putro' -
  • putra (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    putraḥ (nominative single)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
    api (Preverb); (1 der.)
  • hanti -
  • hanti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    han (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    hanti (present active third single)
  • pitaram -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pitaram (accusative single)
  • ātatāyi -
  • ātatāyin (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ātatāyi (compound)
    ātatāyi (adverb)
    ātatāyin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    ātatāyi (compound)
    ātatāyi (adverb)
    ātatāyi (nominative single)
    ātatāyi (vocative single)
    ātatāyi (accusative single)
  • padam -
  • pada (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    padam (adverb)
    padam (nominative single)
    padam (accusative single)
  • gatam -
  • gat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    gatam (adverb)
    gata (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    gatam (adverb)
    gatam (accusative single)
    gata (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    gatam (adverb)
    gatam (nominative single)
    gatam (accusative single)
    gatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    gatam (adverb)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (5.53.57). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Deha (देह): defined in 2 categories.
Mana (मन): defined in 2 categories.
Manas (मनस्): defined in 2 categories.
Putra (पुत्र): defined in 2 categories.
Ap (अप्): defined in 2 categories.
Pitri (pitr, pitṛ, पितृ): defined in 2 categories.
Atatayin (ātatāyin, आततायिन्): defined in 2 categories.
Pada (पद): defined in 2 categories.
Gata (गत): defined in 1 categories.

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