Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 5.24.34

संज्ञार्थं रूढनियतिशब्दः स्फुरति सानुवत् ।
तस्माद्यावन्मनस्तावन्न दैवं नियतिर्न च ॥ ३४ ॥

saṃjñārthaṃ rūḍhaniyatiśabdaḥ sphurati sānuvat |
tasmādyāvanmanastāvanna daivaṃ niyatirna ca || 34 ||

Destiny is no reality, but a term invented to express the property of fixity, as the word rock is used to denote stability. Hence there is no fixed fate or destiny, as long as the mind retains its free will and activity.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.24.34). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sanjna, Artha, Rudha, Niyati, Shabda, Sphurat, Tasmat, Tad, Yavat, Yavan, Mana, Manas, Tavat, Daiva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 5.24.34). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃjñārthaṃ rūḍhaniyatiśabdaḥ sphurati sānuvat
  • sañjñā -
  • sañjña (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjña (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rūḍha -
  • rūḍha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rūḍha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ruh -> rūḍha (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ruh class 1 verb]
    ruh -> rūḍha (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ruh class 1 verb]
  • niyati -
  • niyati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    niyatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • śabdaḥ -
  • śabda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sphurati -
  • sphurat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sphurat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sphur -> sphurat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sphur class 6 verb]
    sphur -> sphurat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √sphur class 6 verb]
    sphur (verb class 6)
    [present active third single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • anuvat -
  • nu (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
    (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tasmādyāvanmanastāvanna daivaṃ niyatirna ca
  • tasmād -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • yāvan -
  • yāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yāvat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yāvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yāvan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • manas -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tāvann -
  • tāvat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • daivam -
  • daiva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    daiva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • niyatir -
  • niyati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Yoga Vasistha Verse 5.24.34

Cover of Gujarati edition

Yoga Vasistha Maha Ramayana (Gujarati)
by Sahitya Sangam, Allahabad (0)

[યોગ વસિષ્ઠએ] 9788192776460.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.24.34 in Gujarati sript:
સંજ્ઞાર્થં રૂઢનિયતિશબ્દઃ સ્ફુરતિ સાનુવત્ ।
તસ્માદ્યાવન્મનસ્તાવન્ન દૈવં નિયતિર્ન ચ ॥ ૩૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2019)

Vasishtha Rama Samvadam (Telugu)
by Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad (2019)

Set of 4 Volumes; 9789383972142.

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Preview of verse 5.24.34 in Telugu sript:
సంజ్ఞార్థం రూఢనియతిశబ్దః స్ఫురతి సానువత్ ।
తస్మాద్యావన్మనస్తావన్న దైవం నియతిర్న చ ॥ ౩౪ ॥

Cover of edition (2009)

The Yogavasistha (Hindi translation)
by Khemraj Shrikrishnadass (2009)

Set of 2 Volumes; Khemraj Edition.

Buy now!
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