Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.54.22

यथैवेदं नभः शून्यं जगच्छून्यं तथैव हि ।
असन्मयविकल्पोत्थे उभे एते तते यतः ॥ २२ ॥

yathaivedaṃ nabhaḥ śūnyaṃ jagacchūnyaṃ tathaiva hi |
asanmayavikalpotthe ubhe ete tate yataḥ || 22 ||

The world below is as empty, as the hollow sky above us; both of those are empty nothings, except that our minds make something or other of them, agreeably to its desire or fancy.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.54.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nabha (+2), Nabhas (+1), Shunya (+1), Jagat (+2), Kalpa (+2), Tata (+1), Tati (+1), Yata (+2),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.54.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yathaivedaṃ nabhaḥ śūnyaṃ jagacchūnyaṃ tathaiva hi”
  • yathai -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    yathā (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yathā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • aive -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aiva (imperfect active first dual)
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    idam (nominative single)
    idam (accusative single)
  • nabhaḥ -
  • nabhas (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    (compound)
    nabhaḥ (adverb)
    nabhaḥ (vocative single)
    nabhas (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    nabhaḥ (adverb)
    nabhaḥ (nominative single)
    nabhaḥ (vocative single)
    nabhaḥ (accusative single)
    nabh (noun, feminine); (5 der.)
    nabhaḥ (nominative plural)
    nabhaḥ (vocative plural)
    nabhaḥ (accusative plural)
    nabhaḥ (ablative single)
    nabhaḥ (genitive single)
    nabha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nabhaḥ (nominative single)
  • śūnyam -
  • śūnya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    śūnyam (adverb)
    śūnyam (accusative single)
    śūnya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    śūnyam (adverb)
    śūnyam (nominative single)
    śūnyam (accusative single)
    śūnyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    śūnyam (adverb)
  • jagacch -
  • jagat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    jagat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    jagat (nominative single)
    jagat (vocative single)
    jagat (accusative single)
  • śūnyam -
  • śūnya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    śūnyam (adverb)
    śūnyam (accusative single)
    śūnya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    śūnyam (adverb)
    śūnyam (nominative single)
    śūnyam (accusative single)
    śūnyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    śūnyam (adverb)
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    tathā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aiva (imperfect active first dual)
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • Line 2: “asanmayavikalpotthe ubhe ete tate yataḥ”
  • asanma -
  • san (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    asanma (imperfect active first plural)
  • yavi -
  • yavin (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    yavi (compound)
    yavi (adverb)
    yavin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    yavi (compound)
    yavi (adverb)
    yavi (nominative single)
    yavi (vocative single)
    yavi (accusative single)
  • kalpo -
  • kalpa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kalpa (vocative single)
    kalpa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kalpa (vocative single)
    kalpā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kalpā (nominative single)
  • utthe -
  • uttha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    utthe (locative single)
    uttha (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    utthe (nominative dual)
    utthe (vocative dual)
    utthe (accusative dual)
    utthe (locative single)
    utthā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    utthe (nominative dual)
    utthe (vocative single)
    utthe (vocative dual)
    utthe (accusative dual)
  • ubhe -
  • ubha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    ubhe (nominative dual)
    ubhe (vocative dual)
    ubhe (accusative dual)
    ubhā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    ubhe (nominative dual)
    ubhe (vocative single)
    ubhe (vocative dual)
    ubhe (accusative dual)
  • ete -
  • eta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ete (locative single)
    eta (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    ete (nominative dual)
    ete (vocative dual)
    ete (accusative dual)
    ete (locative single)
    etā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    ete (nominative dual)
    ete (vocative single)
    ete (vocative dual)
    ete (accusative dual)
    etad (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ete (nominative dual)
    ete (accusative dual)
    eti (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ete (vocative single)
    eṣā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    ete (nominative dual)
    ete (accusative dual)
    eṣa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ete (nominative plural)
  • tate -
  • tata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tate (locative single)
    tata (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    tate (nominative dual)
    tate (vocative dual)
    tate (accusative dual)
    tate (locative single)
    tatā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    tate (nominative dual)
    tate (vocative single)
    tate (vocative dual)
    tate (accusative dual)
    tati (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    tate (vocative single)
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    tate (locative single), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tan -> tata (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    tate (nominative dual), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tate (vocative dual), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tate (accusative dual), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tate (locative single), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tan -> tatā (participle, feminine); (4 der.)
    tate (nominative dual), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tate (vocative single), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tate (vocative dual), from √tan (class 8 verb)
    tate (accusative dual), from √tan (class 8 verb)
  • yataḥ -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yataḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    yat (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    yataḥ (accusative plural)
    yataḥ (ablative single)
    yataḥ (genitive single)
    yat (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    yataḥ (ablative single)
    yataḥ (genitive single)
    yata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yataḥ (nominative single)
    i -> yat (participle, masculine); (3 der.)
    yataḥ (accusative plural), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yataḥ (ablative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yataḥ (genitive single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> yat (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    yataḥ (ablative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yataḥ (genitive single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    yataḥ (nominative single), from √yam (class 1 verb)
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