Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.53.28

इदं स्फारं जगद्दुःखं प्रतनोत्यात्मसत्तया ।
असत्तया नाशयति घनमान्ध्यं यथा तमः ॥ २८ ॥

idaṃ sphāraṃ jagadduḥkhaṃ pratanotyātmasattayā |
asattayā nāśayati ghanamāndhyaṃ yathā tamaḥ || 28 ||

It is egoism (or the belief of one's real entity), that spreads the view of this miserable world before him; but absence of the knowledge of self-entity, removes the sight of all objects from view, as the veil of thick darkness hides all things from sight.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.53.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Idam, Sphara, Jagat, Duhkham, Duhkha, Pratana, Pratanu, Uti, Atmasad, Asatta, Nashayat, Ghanam, Ghana, Andhya, Yatha, Tama, Tamas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.53.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “idaṃ sphāraṃ jagadduḥkhaṃ pratanotyātmasattayā
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sphāram -
  • sphāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sphāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sphārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jagad -
  • jagat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jagat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pratano -
  • pratana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratanu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    pratanu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    pratanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ūtyā -
  • ūti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    ūti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    u -> ūtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √u]
    u -> ūtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √u]
    u -> ūtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √u]
  • ātmasat -
  • ātmasad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ātmasad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “asattayā nāśayati ghanamāndhyaṃ yathā tamaḥ
  • asattayā -
  • asattā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • nāśayati -
  • naś -> nāśayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś -> nāśayat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś -> nāśayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś -> nāśayat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √naś]
    naś (verb class 0)
    [present active third single]
    naś (verb class 0)
    [present active third single]
  • ghanam -
  • ghanam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ghana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ghana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ghanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āndhyam -
  • āndhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tamaḥ -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.53.28

Cover of Gujarati edition

Yoga Vasistha Maha Ramayana (Gujarati)
by Sahitya Sangam, Allahabad (0)

[યોગ વસિષ્ઠએ] 9788192776460.

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Preview of verse 4.53.28 in Gujarati sript:
ઇદં સ્ફારં જગદ્દુઃખં પ્રતનોત્યાત્મસત્તયા ।
અસત્તયા નાશયતિ ઘનમાન્ધ્યં યથા તમઃ ॥ ૨૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2019)

Vasishtha Rama Samvadam (Telugu)
by Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad (2019)

Set of 4 Volumes; 9789383972142.

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Preview of verse 4.53.28 in Telugu sript:
ఇదం స్ఫారం జగద్దుఃఖం ప్రతనోత్యాత్మసత్తయా ।
అసత్తయా నాశయతి ఘనమాన్ధ్యం యథా తమః ॥ ౨౮ ॥

Cover of edition (2009)

The Yogavasistha (Hindi translation)
by Khemraj Shrikrishnadass (2009)

Set of 2 Volumes; Khemraj Edition.

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