Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.39.21

अर्धव्युत्पन्नबुद्धेस्तु नैतद्व्यक्तं हि शोभते ।
दृश्यानया भोगदृशा भावयन्नेव नश्यति ॥ २१ ॥

ardhavyutpannabuddhestu naitadvyaktaṃ hi śobhate |
dṛśyānayā bhogadṛśā bhāvayanneva naśyati || 21 ||

But the half-educated are not fit to receive spiritual instruction, because their view of the visibles, which dwells on obvious objects, proves the cause of their ruin.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.39.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ardhavyutpannabuddhestu naitadvyaktaṃ hi śobhate”
  • ardha -
  • ardha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ardha (vocative single)
    ardha (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ardha (vocative single)
  • vyutpanna -
  • vyutpanna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vyutpanna (vocative single)
    vyutpanna (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vyutpanna (vocative single)
  • buddhes -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    buddheḥ (ablative single)
    buddheḥ (genitive single)
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • nai -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
    nṛ (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    etad (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (adverb)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (vocative single)
    etad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (accusative single)
  • vyaktam -
  • vyaktam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    vyakta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vyaktam (adverb)
    vyaktam (accusative single)
    vyakta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    vyaktam (adverb)
    vyaktam (nominative single)
    vyaktam (accusative single)
    vyaktā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vyaktam (adverb)
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • śobhate -
  • śubh -> śobhat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    śobhate (dative single), from √śubh (class 1 verb)
    śubh -> śobhat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    śobhate (dative single), from √śubh (class 1 verb)
    śubh (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    śobhate (present middle third single)
  • Line 2: “dṛśyānayā bhogadṛśā bhāvayanneva naśyati”
  • dṛśyān -
  • dṛśya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dṛśyān (accusative plural)
    dṛś -> dṛśya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    dṛśyān (accusative plural), from √dṛś (class 1 verb)
  • ayā* -
  • aya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ayāḥ (nominative plural)
    ayāḥ (vocative plural)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    ayāḥ (imperfect active second single)
  • bhoga -
  • bhoga (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    bhoga (vocative single)
    bhoga (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    bhoga (vocative single)
  • dṛśā* -
  • dṛśa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dṛśāḥ (nominative plural)
    dṛśāḥ (vocative plural)
    dṛśā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    dṛśāḥ (nominative plural)
    dṛśāḥ (vocative plural)
    dṛśāḥ (accusative plural)
  • bhāvayann -
  • bhū -> bhāvayat (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    bhāvayan (nominative single), from √bhū
    bhāvayan (vocative single), from √bhū
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • naśyati -
  • naśyat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    naśyati (locative single)
    naśyat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    naśyati (locative single)
    naś -> naśyat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    naśyati (locative single), from √naś (class 4 verb)
    naś -> naśyat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    naśyati (locative single), from √naś (class 4 verb)
    naś (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    naśyati (present active third single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (4.39.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ardha (अर्ध): defined in 1 categories.
Buddhi (बुद्धि): defined in 2 categories.
Na (न, nā, ना): defined in 2 categories.
Vyakta (व्यक्त): defined in 2 categories.
Drishya (drsya, dṛśya, दृश्य): defined in 1 categories.
Aya (अय): defined in 2 categories.
Bhoga (भोग): defined in 2 categories.
Eva (एव): defined in 1 categories.

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