Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.37.11

अत इदमीहितमिदमनीहितमित्यात्मानं न स्पृशन्ति विकल्पाः ।
अतो निरिच्छतायामात्मा न किंचिदपि करोति कर्तृकरणकर्मणामेकत्वात् न क्वचित्तिष्ठत्याधाराधेययोरेकत्वात् नच निरिच्छस्यात्मनो नैष्कर्म्यमभिमतम् द्वितीयायाः कल्पनाया अभावात् ॥ ११ ॥

ata idamīhitamidamanīhitamityātmānaṃ na spṛśanti vikalpāḥ |
ato niricchatāyāmātmā na kiṃcidapi karoti kartṛkaraṇakarmaṇāmekatvāt na kvacittiṣṭhatyādhārādheyayorekatvāt naca niricchasyātmano naiṣkarmyamabhimatam dvitīyāyāḥ kalpanāyā abhāvāt || 11 ||

(Prose). Therefore the will to do this or that, or try for one thing or other, does not relate to the soul but to the mind. Thus the optionless soul, having no will of its own, does nothing except cogitating on what is in itself. It is no active agent, owing to the union of all agency, instrumentality and objectivity in itself. It abides nowhere, being both the recipient and content, or the container and the contained of everything in itself. Neither is the will-less soul actionless likewise, when the acts of creation are palpable in itself (karmaprasidhi). Nor is it possible that there is any other cause of them.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.37.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ata idamīhitamidamanīhitamityātmānaṃ na spṛśanti vikalpāḥ”
  • ata* -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    idam (nominative single)
    idam (accusative single)
  • īhitam -
  • īhita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    īhitam (adverb)
    īhitam (accusative single)
    īhita (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    īhitam (adverb)
    īhitam (nominative single)
    īhitam (accusative single)
    īhitā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    īhitam (adverb)
    īh -> īhita (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    īhitam (accusative single), from √īh (class 1 verb)
    īh -> īhita (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    īhitam (nominative single), from √īh (class 1 verb)
    īhitam (accusative single), from √īh (class 1 verb)
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    idam (nominative single)
    idam (accusative single)
  • anīhitam -
  • anīhita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    anīhitam (adverb)
    anīhitam (accusative single)
    anīhita (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    anīhitam (adverb)
    anīhitam (nominative single)
    anīhitam (accusative single)
    anīhitā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    anīhitam (adverb)
  • ityāt -
  • itya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ityāt (adverb)
    ityāt (ablative single)
    itya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ityāt (adverb)
    ityāt (ablative single)
    i -> itya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    ityāt (ablative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> itya (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    ityāt (ablative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
  • mānam -
  • māna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    mānam (adverb)
    mānam (accusative single)
    māna (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    mānam (adverb)
    mānam (nominative single)
    mānam (accusative single)
    man -> māna (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    mānam (accusative single), from √man (class 4 verb)
    mānam (accusative single), from √man (class 8 verb)
    man -> māna (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    mānam (nominative single), from √man (class 4 verb)
    mānam (accusative single), from √man (class 4 verb)
    mānam (nominative single), from √man (class 8 verb)
    mānam (accusative single), from √man (class 8 verb)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • spṛśanti -
  • spṛś -> spṛśat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    spṛśanti (nominative plural), from √spṛś (class 6 verb)
    spṛśanti (vocative plural), from √spṛś (class 6 verb)
    spṛśanti (accusative plural), from √spṛś (class 6 verb)
    spṛś -> spṛśantī (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    spṛśanti (vocative single), from √spṛś (class 6 verb)
    spṛś (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    spṛśanti (present active third plural)
  • vikalpāḥ -
  • vikalpa (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    vikalpāḥ (nominative plural)
    vikalpāḥ (vocative plural)
    vikalpāḥ (nominative plural)
    vikalpāḥ (vocative plural)
    vikalpā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    vikalpāḥ (nominative plural)
    vikalpāḥ (vocative plural)
    vikalpāḥ (accusative plural)
  • Line 2: “kiṃcidapi karoti kartṛkaraṇakarmaṇāmekatvāt na kvacittiṣṭhatyādhārādheyayorekatvāt naca niricchasyātmano naiṣkarmyamabhimatam dvitīyāyāḥ kalpanāyā abhāvāt”
  • kiñcid -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    kiñcit (compound)
    kiñcit (adverb)
    kiñcit (nominative single)
    kiñcit (vocative single)
    kiñcit (accusative single)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
    api (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • karoti -
  • kṛ (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    karoti (present active third single)
  • kartṛkara -
  • kartṛkara (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kartṛkara (vocative single)
    kartṛkara (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kartṛkara (vocative single)
  • ṇa -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ṇa (vocative single)
  • karmaṇām -
  • karman (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    karmaṇām (genitive plural)
  • ekatvāt -
  • ekatva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ekatvāt (adverb)
    ekatvāt (ablative single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    cit (nominative single)
    cit (vocative single)
    cit (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    cit (nominative single)
    cit (vocative single)
    cit (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    cit (nominative single)
    cit (vocative single)
    cit (accusative single)
  • tiṣṭhatyā -
  • sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    tiṣṭhati (locative single), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    tiṣṭhatī (nominative dual), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    tiṣṭhatī (vocative dual), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    tiṣṭhatī (accusative dual), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    tiṣṭhati (locative single), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthā (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    tiṣṭhati (present active third single)
  • ādhārā -
  • ādhāra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ādhāra (vocative single)
  • ādheyayor -
  • ādheya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ādheyayoḥ (genitive dual)
    ādheyayoḥ (locative dual)
    ādheya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ādheyayoḥ (genitive dual)
    ādheyayoḥ (locative dual)
    ādheyā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    ādheyayoḥ (genitive dual)
    ādheyayoḥ (locative dual)
  • ekatvāt -
  • ekatva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ekatvāt (adverb)
    ekatvāt (ablative single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • niricchasyā -
  • niriccha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    niricchasya (genitive single)
    niriccha (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    niricchasya (genitive single)
  • ātmano* -
  • ātman (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    ātmanaḥ (accusative plural)
    ātmanaḥ (ablative single)
    ātmanaḥ (genitive single)
  • naiṣkarmyam -
  • naiṣkarmya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    naiṣkarmyam (adverb)
    naiṣkarmyam (accusative single)
    naiṣkarmya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    naiṣkarmyam (adverb)
    naiṣkarmyam (nominative single)
    naiṣkarmyam (accusative single)
    naiṣkarmyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    naiṣkarmyam (adverb)
  • abhimatam -
  • abhimata (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    abhimatam (adverb)
    abhimatam (accusative single)
    abhimata (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    abhimatam (adverb)
    abhimatam (nominative single)
    abhimatam (accusative single)
    abhimatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    abhimatam (adverb)
  • dvitīyāyāḥ -
  • dvitīyā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    dvitīyāyāḥ (ablative single)
    dvitīyāyāḥ (genitive single)
  • kalpanāyā* -
  • kalpanā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    kalpanāyāḥ (ablative single)
    kalpanāyāḥ (genitive single)
  • abhāvāt -
  • abhāva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    abhāvāt (adverb)
    abhāvāt (ablative single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (4.37.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mana (māna, मान): defined in 2 categories.
Na (न, ṇa, ण): defined in 2 categories.
Vikalpa (विकल्प, vikalpā, विकल्पा): defined in 2 categories.
Ap (अप्): defined in 1 categories.
Karman (कर्मन्): defined in 1 categories.
Adhara (ādhāra, आधार): defined in 1 categories.
Adheya (ādheya, आधेय, ādheyā, आधेया): defined in 1 categories.
Ca (च): defined in 1 categories.
Atman (ātman, आत्मन्): defined in 2 categories.
Dvitiya (dvitīyā, द्वितीया): defined in 1 categories.
Kalpana (kalpanā, कल्पना): defined in 2 categories.
Abhava (abhāva, अभाव): defined in 2 categories.

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