Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.31.30

यो यन्मयस्तस्य तस्मिन्युज्यतेऽपह्नवः कथम् ।
पुरुषस्य घटोऽस्मीति वाक्यमुन्मत्तमेव हि ॥ ३० ॥

yo yanmayastasya tasminyujyate'pahnavaḥ katham |
puruṣasya ghaṭo'smīti vākyamunmattameva hi || 30 ||

What is one's nature or habit (of thinking), can hardly be altered at any time; for it would be foolish in one, who has been habituated to think himself as a man, to take himself for a pot or otherwise.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Purusha (+3), Ghata (+2), Vakya (+1), Unmatta (+2),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.31.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo yanmayastasya tasminyujyate'pahnavaḥ katham”
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
  • yanmayas -
  • yanmaya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yanmayaḥ (nominative single)
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √tas
    ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    tad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tasya (genitive single)
    tas (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    tasya (imperative active second single)
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    tasmin (locative single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tasmin (locative single)
  • yujyate' -
  • yuj (verb class 7); (1 der.)
    yujyate (present passive third single)
  • apahnavaḥ -
  • apahnava (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    apahnavaḥ (nominative single)
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    katham (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kathā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    katham (adverb)
  • Line 2: “puruṣasya ghaṭo'smīti vākyamunmattameva hi”
  • puruṣasya -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    puruṣasya (genitive single)
    puruṣa (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    puruṣasya (genitive single)
  • ghaṭo' -
  • ghaṭa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ghaṭaḥ (nominative single)
  • asmī -
  • as (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    asmi (present active first single)
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • vākyam -
  • vākya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    vākyam (adverb)
    vākyam (nominative single)
    vākyam (accusative single)
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    vākyam (accusative single), from √vac (class 2 verb)
    vākyam (accusative single), from √vac (class 3 verb)
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    vākyam (nominative single), from √vac (class 2 verb)
    vākyam (accusative single), from √vac (class 2 verb)
    vākyam (nominative single), from √vac (class 3 verb)
    vākyam (accusative single), from √vac (class 3 verb)
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    vākyam (accusative single), from √vak (class 1 verb)
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    vākyam (nominative single), from √vak (class 1 verb)
    vākyam (accusative single), from √vak (class 1 verb)
  • unmattam -
  • unmatta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    unmattam (adverb)
    unmattam (accusative single)
    unmatta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    unmattam (adverb)
    unmattam (nominative single)
    unmattam (accusative single)
    unmattā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    unmattam (adverb)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
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