Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.31.21

इदं जगदसद्ब्रह्म सत्यमित्येव वक्ति यः ।
तमुन्मत्तमिवोन्मत्तो विमूढोऽपि हसत्यलम् ॥ २१ ॥

idaṃ jagadasadbrahma satyamityeva vakti yaḥ |
tamunmattamivonmatto vimūḍho'pi hasatyalam || 21 ||

He who preaches the unreality of the world and the reality of Brahma, is derided by the ignorant as a mad man;

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sadbrahman (+2), Satya (+2), Unmatta (+2), Vimudha (+2), Ala (+1),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.31.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “idaṃ jagadasadbrahma satyamityeva vakti yaḥ”
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    idam (nominative single)
    idam (accusative single)
  • jagada -
  • jagada (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    jagada (vocative single)
    gad (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    jagada (perfect active first single)
    jagada (perfect active second plural)
  • sadbrahma -
  • sadbrahman (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    sadbrahma (compound)
    sadbrahma (adverb)
    sadbrahma (nominative single)
    sadbrahma (vocative single)
    sadbrahma (accusative single)
  • satyam -
  • satyam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    satya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    satyam (adverb)
    satyam (accusative single)
    satya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    satyam (adverb)
    satyam (nominative single)
    satyam (accusative single)
    satyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    satyam (adverb)
  • itye -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    itī (nominative dual)
    itī (vocative dual)
    itī (accusative dual)
    itya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    itye (locative single)
    itya (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual)
    itye (vocative dual)
    itye (accusative dual)
    itye (locative single)
    ityā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual)
    itye (vocative single)
    itye (vocative dual)
    itye (accusative dual)
    i -> itya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    itye (locative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> itya (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (vocative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (accusative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (locative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine); (4 der.)
    itye (nominative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (vocative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (vocative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
    itye (accusative dual), from √i (class 2 verb)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • vakti -
  • vakti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    vac (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    vakti (present active third single)
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
  • Line 2: “tamunmattamivonmatto vimūḍho'pi hasatyalam”
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    tam (accusative single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    tam (nominative single)
    tam (accusative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    tan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tam (accusative single)
  • unmattam -
  • unmatta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    unmattam (adverb)
    unmattam (accusative single)
    unmatta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    unmattam (adverb)
    unmattam (nominative single)
    unmattam (accusative single)
    unmattā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    unmattam (adverb)
  • ivo -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • unmatto* -
  • unmatta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    unmattaḥ (nominative single)
  • vimūḍho' -
  • vimūḍha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vimūḍhaḥ (nominative single)
    vimūḍhaḥ (nominative single)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
    api (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • hasatya -
  • hasat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    hasati (locative single)
    hasat (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    hasatī (nominative dual)
    hasatī (vocative dual)
    hasatī (accusative dual)
    hasati (locative single)
    has -> hasat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    hasati (locative single), from √has (class 1 verb)
    has -> hasat (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    hasatī (nominative dual), from √has (class 1 verb)
    hasatī (vocative dual), from √has (class 1 verb)
    hasatī (accusative dual), from √has (class 1 verb)
    hasati (locative single), from √has (class 1 verb)
    has (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    hasati (present active third single)
  • alam -
  • alam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    ala (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    alam (adverb)
    alam (nominative single)
    alam (accusative single)
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