Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.31.15

श्रीवसिष्ठ उवाच ।
यथा दामादयो राम स्थिता मायामया इति ।
असत्या एव सत्याभा मृगतृष्णाम्बुपूरवत् ॥ १५ ॥

śrīvasiṣṭha uvāca |
yathā dāmādayo rāma sthitā māyāmayā iti |
asatyā eva satyābhā mṛgatṛṣṇāmbupūravat || 15 ||

Yes Rama, it was in the same way, that the non-existent and unreal Dama and others seemed to be in existence by mere illusion, as the mirage appears to us to be full of water by our optical delusion.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shri (+2), Vasishtha (+2), Dama (+2), Aya (+2), Rama (+2), Sthita (+2), Sat (+1), Satya (+2), Ambu (+1),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.31.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śrīvasiṣṭha uvāca”
  • śrī -
  • śrī (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    (compound)
    śrī (nominative single)
    śrī (nominative single)
    śrī (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
  • vasiṣṭha* -
  • vasiṣṭha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vasiṣṭhaḥ (nominative single)
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2); (2 der.)
    uvāca (perfect active first single)
    uvāca (perfect active third single)
    vac (verb class 3); (2 der.)
    uvāca (perfect active first single)
    uvāca (perfect active third single)
  • Line 2: “yathā dāmādayo rāma sthitā māyāmayā iti”
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    yathā (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yathā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • dāmād -
  • dāma (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    dāmāt (adverb)
    dāmāt (ablative single)
  • ayo* -
  • ayas (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    ayaḥ (adverb)
    ayaḥ (nominative single)
    ayaḥ (vocative single)
    ayaḥ (accusative single)
    aya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ayaḥ (nominative single)
    i (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ayaḥ (nominative plural)
    ayaḥ (vocative plural)
    e (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    ayaḥ (nominative plural)
    ayaḥ (vocative plural)
    ayaḥ (accusative plural)
  • rāma -
  • rāma (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    rāma (vocative single)
    rāma (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    rāma (vocative single)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    rāma (imperative active first plural)
  • sthitā* -
  • sthita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sthitāḥ (nominative plural)
    sthitāḥ (vocative plural)
    sthitā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    sthitāḥ (nominative plural)
    sthitāḥ (vocative plural)
    sthitāḥ (accusative plural)
    sthā -> sthita (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    sthitāḥ (nominative plural), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthitāḥ (vocative plural), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthā -> sthitā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    sthitāḥ (nominative plural), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthitāḥ (vocative plural), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthitāḥ (accusative plural), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
  • māyāmayā* -
  • māyāmaya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    māyāmayāḥ (nominative plural)
    māyāmayāḥ (vocative plural)
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • Line 3: “asatyā eva satyābhā mṛgatṛṣṇāmbupūravat”
  • asatyā* -
  • asatī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    asatyāḥ (ablative single)
    asatyāḥ (genitive single)
    asatya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    asatyāḥ (nominative plural)
    asatyāḥ (vocative plural)
    asatyā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    asatyāḥ (nominative plural)
    asatyāḥ (vocative plural)
    asatyāḥ (accusative plural)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • satyā -
  • satī (noun, feminine); (18 der.)
    (compound)
    sati (adverb)
    (compound)
    sati (adverb)
    (compound)
    sati (adverb)
    satī (nominative single)
    sati (vocative single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satī (nominative single)
    sati (vocative single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satī (nominative single)
    sati (vocative single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    satya (vocative single)
    satya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    satya (vocative single)
    sati (noun, feminine); (7 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    satī (nominative dual)
    satī (vocative dual)
    satī (accusative dual)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    satyā (instrumental single)
    sat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sati (locative single)
    sat (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    satī (nominative dual)
    satī (vocative dual)
    satī (accusative dual)
    sati (locative single)
    satyā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    satyā (nominative single)
    satyā (nominative single)
  • ābhā* -
  • ābhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    ābhāḥ (nominative plural)
    ābhāḥ (vocative plural)
    ābhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • mṛgatṛṣṇā -
  • mṛgatṛṣṇā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    mṛgatṛṣṇā (nominative single)
    mṛgatṛṣṇā (nominative single)
  • ambu -
  • ambu (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    ambu (nominative single)
    ambu (vocative single)
    ambu (accusative single)
  • pūr -
  • pur (noun, feminine); (6 der.)
    pūr (compound)
    puḥ (adverb)
    pūḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (vocative single)
    pūḥ (vocative single)
    pu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    puḥ (nominative single)
    pu (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    puḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (accusative plural)
    pūḥ (accusative plural)
    (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    pūḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (vocative single)
    pūḥ (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    pūḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (nominative single)
    pūḥ (vocative single)
    pūḥ (vocative single)
  • ravat -
  • ru -> ravat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    ravat (nominative single), from √ru (class 1 verb)
    ravat (vocative single), from √ru (class 1 verb)
    ravat (accusative single), from √ru (class 1 verb)
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