Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.31.11

श्रीराम उवाच ।
नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः ।
ते ह्यसन्तः कथं सत्तां संपन्ना इति मे वद ॥ ११ ॥

śrīrāma uvāca |
nāsato vidyate bhāvo nābhāvo vidyate sataḥ |
te hyasantaḥ kathaṃ sattāṃ saṃpannā iti me vada || 11 ||

Rama said:—Tell me sir, how they came to existence when they were nonexistent before; for neither can a nil be an ens, nor an entity become a nonentity at any time.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shrirama (+2), Bhava (+2), Sat (+1), Satta (+1), Vada (+2),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.31.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śrīrāma uvāca”
  • śrīrāma* -
  • śrīrāma (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    śrīrāmaḥ (nominative single)
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2); (2 der.)
    uvāca (perfect active first single)
    uvāca (perfect active third single)
    vac (verb class 3); (2 der.)
    uvāca (perfect active first single)
    uvāca (perfect active third single)
  • Line 2: “nāsato vidyate bhāvo nābhāvo vidyate sataḥ”
  • nāsato* -
  • nās -> nāsat (participle, masculine); (3 der.)
    nāsataḥ (accusative plural), from √nās (class 1 verb)
    nāsataḥ (ablative single), from √nās (class 1 verb)
    nāsataḥ (genitive single), from √nās (class 1 verb)
    nās -> nāsat (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    nāsataḥ (ablative single), from √nās (class 1 verb)
    nāsataḥ (genitive single), from √nās (class 1 verb)
    nās (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    nāsataḥ (present active third dual)
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    vidyate (present passive third single)
    vid (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    vidyate (present passive third single)
    vid (verb class 7); (1 der.)
    vidyate (present passive third single)
  • bhāvo* -
  • bhāva (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bhāvaḥ (nominative single)
    bhā (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    bhāvaḥ (present active first dual)
  • nābhāvo -
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    vidyate (present passive third single)
    vid (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    vidyate (present passive third single)
    vid (verb class 7); (1 der.)
    vidyate (present passive third single)
  • sataḥ -
  • sataḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    sat (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    sataḥ (accusative plural)
    sataḥ (ablative single)
    sataḥ (genitive single)
    sat (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    sataḥ (ablative single)
    sataḥ (genitive single)
    sata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sataḥ (nominative single)
  • Line 3: “te hyasantaḥ kathaṃ sattāṃ saṃpannā iti me vada”
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (locative single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (locative single)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative single)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    tad (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none); (2 der.)
    te (dative single)
    te (genitive single)
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • asantaḥ -
  • asat (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    asantaḥ (nominative plural)
    asantaḥ (vocative plural)
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    katham (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kathā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    katham (adverb)
  • sattām -
  • sattā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    sattām (accusative single)
    sattām (accusative single)
  • sampannā* -
  • sampanna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sampannāḥ (nominative plural)
    sampannāḥ (vocative plural)
    sampannā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    sampannāḥ (nominative plural)
    sampannāḥ (vocative plural)
    sampannāḥ (accusative plural)
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    me (locative single)
    ma (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    me (nominative dual)
    me (vocative dual)
    me (accusative dual)
    me (locative single)
    (noun, feminine); (8 der.)
    me (nominative dual)
    me (vocative single)
    me (vocative dual)
    me (accusative dual)
    me (nominative dual)
    me (vocative single)
    me (vocative dual)
    me (accusative dual)
    asmad (pronoun, none); (2 der.)
    me (dative single)
    me (genitive single)
  • vada -
  • vada (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vada (vocative single)
    vada (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vada (vocative single)
    vad (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    vada (imperative active second single)
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