Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 3.118.8

स्थितः किं मूढ एवास्मि प्रेक्ष्येऽहं शास्त्रसज्जनैः ।
वैराग्यपूर्वमिच्छेति शुभेच्छेत्युच्यते बुधैः ॥ ८ ॥

sthitaḥ kiṃ mūḍha evāsmi prekṣye'haṃ śāstrasajjanaiḥ |
vairāgyapūrvamiccheti śubhecchetyucyate budhaiḥ || 8 ||

First of all is the desire of goodness, springing from dispassionateness to worldly matters, and consisting in the thought, "why do I sit idle, I must know the Sastras in the company of good men".

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.118.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sthita, Kim, Mudha, Eva, Prekshya, Aha, Asmad, Shastra, Asajjana, Vairagi, Vairagin, Vairagya, Apurva, Iccha, Iti, Sha, Shi, Ucyat, Budha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 3.118.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sthitaḥ kiṃ mūḍha evāsmi prekṣye'haṃ śāstrasajjanaiḥ
  • sthitaḥ -
  • sthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sthā -> sthita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mūḍha* -
  • mūḍha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muh -> mūḍha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muh class 4 verb]
  • evā -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asmi -
  • as (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
  • prekṣye' -
  • prekṣya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prekṣya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    prekṣyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • śāstra -
  • śāstṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śāstra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • asajjanaiḥ -
  • asajjana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “vairāgyapūrvamiccheti śubhecchetyucyate budhaiḥ
  • vairāgya -
  • vairāgī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vairāgin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    vairāgin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vairāgya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • apūrvam -
  • apūrva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apūrva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    apūrvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • icche -
  • icchā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present middle first single], [imperative active second single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śubhecch -
  • śubh (verb class 6)
    [optative active third single]
  • śe -
  • śa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    śa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • ityu -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
  • budhaiḥ -
  • budha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    budha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Yoga Vasistha Verse 3.118.8

Cover of edition (1891)

Yoga Vasistha English (four volumes)
by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891)

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Yoga Vasistha Maha Ramayana (Gujarati)
by Sahitya Sangam, Allahabad (0)

[યોગ વસિષ્ઠએ] 9788192776460.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.118.8 in Gujarati sript:
સ્થિતઃ કિં મૂઢ એવાસ્મિ પ્રેક્ષ્યેઽહં શાસ્ત્રસજ્જનૈઃ ।
વૈરાગ્યપૂર્વમિચ્છેતિ શુભેચ્છેત્યુચ્યતે બુધૈઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2019)

Vasishtha Rama Samvadam (Telugu)
by Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad (2019)

Set of 4 Volumes; 9789383972142.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.118.8 in Telugu sript:
స్థితః కిం మూఢ ఏవాస్మి ప్రేక్ష్యేఽహం శాస్త్రసజ్జనైః ।
వైరాగ్యపూర్వమిచ్ఛేతి శుభేచ్ఛేత్యుచ్యతే బుధైః ॥ ౮ ॥

Cover of edition (2009)

The Yogavasistha (Hindi translation)
by Khemraj Shrikrishnadass (2009)

Set of 2 Volumes; Khemraj Edition.

Buy now!
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