Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 3.110.20

लघु दीर्घं करोत्येव सत्येऽसत्तां प्रयच्छति ।
कटुतां नयति स्वादु रिपुं नयति मित्रताम् ॥ २० ॥

laghu dīrghaṃ karotyeva satye'sattāṃ prayacchati |
kaṭutāṃ nayati svādu ripuṃ nayati mitratām || 20 ||

It magnifies the minute and makes the true appear as untrue; it sweetens the bitter and sours the sweet, and turns a foe to a friend and vice-versa.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 3.110.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “laghu dīrghaṃ karotyeva satye'sattāṃ prayacchati”
  • laghu -
  • laghu (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    laghu (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    laghu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    laghu (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    laghu (nominative single)
    laghu (vocative single)
    laghu (accusative single)
  • dīrgham -
  • dīrgham (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    dīrgha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dīrgham (adverb)
    dīrgham (accusative single)
    dīrgha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    dīrgham (adverb)
    dīrgham (nominative single)
    dīrgham (accusative single)
    dīrghā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    dīrgham (adverb)
  • karotye -
  • kṛ (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    karoti (present active third single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • satye' -
  • satya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    satye (locative single)
    satya (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    satye (nominative dual)
    satye (vocative dual)
    satye (accusative dual)
    satye (locative single)
    satyā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    satye (nominative dual)
    satye (vocative single)
    satye (vocative dual)
    satye (accusative dual)
  • asattām -
  • asattā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    asattām (accusative single)
  • prayacch -
  • pre -> prayat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    prayat (nominative single), from √pre (class 2 verb)
    prayat (vocative single), from √pre (class 2 verb)
    prayat (accusative single), from √pre (class 2 verb)
  • śati -
  • śatī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    śati (adverb)
    śati (vocative single)
    śatin (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    śati (compound)
    śati (adverb)
    śatin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    śati (compound)
    śati (adverb)
    śati (nominative single)
    śati (vocative single)
    śati (accusative single)
  • Line 2: “kaṭutāṃ nayati svādu ripuṃ nayati mitratām”
  • kaṭutām -
  • kaṭutā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kaṭutām (accusative single)
  • nayati -
  • nayat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single)
    nayat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single)
    nay -> nayat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √nay (class 1 verb)
    nay -> nayat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √nay (class 1 verb)
    -> nayat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √ (class 1 verb)
    -> nayat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √ (class 1 verb)
    nay (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    nayati (present active third single)
    (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    nayati (present active third single)
  • svādu -
  • svādu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    svādu (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    svādu (nominative single)
    svādu (vocative single)
    svādu (accusative single)
  • ripum -
  • ripu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ripum (accusative single)
    ripu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ripum (accusative single)
  • nayati -
  • nayat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single)
    nayat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single)
    nay -> nayat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √nay (class 1 verb)
    nay -> nayat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √nay (class 1 verb)
    -> nayat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √ (class 1 verb)
    -> nayat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    nayati (locative single), from √ (class 1 verb)
    nay (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    nayati (present active third single)
    (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    nayati (present active third single)
  • mitratām -
  • mitratā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    mitratām (accusative single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (3.110.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Laghu (लघु): defined in 2 categories.
Dirgha (dīrgha, दीर्घ): defined in 2 categories.
Eva (एव): defined in 1 categories.
Satya (सत्य, satyā, सत्या): defined in 2 categories.
Shati (sati, śatī, शती): defined in 2 categories.
Katuta (kaṭutā, कटुता): defined in 1 categories.
Ripu (रिपु): defined in 2 categories.

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