Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 2.11.39

शीतवातातपादीनि द्वन्द्वदुःखानि राघव ।
ज्ञानशक्तिं विना केन सह्यतां यान्ति साधुषु ॥ ३९ ॥

śītavātātapādīni dvandvaduḥkhāni rāghava |
jñānaśaktiṃ vinā kena sahyatāṃ yānti sādhuṣu || 39 ||

There is naught beside rational knowledge, that can enable holy men to endure the afflictions of the opposite extremes of heat and cold and wind and rain.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 2.11.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śītavātātapādīni dvandvaduḥkhāni rāghava”
  • śīta -
  • śīta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    śīta (vocative single)
    śīta (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    śīta (vocative single)
    śi -> śīta (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śi (class 3 verb)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śi (class 5 verb)
    śi -> śīta (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śi (class 3 verb)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śi (class 5 verb)
    śī -> śīta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śī (class 4 verb)
    śī -> śīta (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śī (class 4 verb)
    śyā -> śīta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śyā (class 1 verb)
    śyā -> śīta (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    śīta (vocative single), from √śyā (class 1 verb)
  • vātāt -
  • vāta (noun, masculine); (6 der.)
    vātāt (adverb)
    vātāt (adverb)
    vātāt (adverb)
    vātāt (ablative single)
    vātāt (ablative single)
    vātāt (ablative single)
    vāta (noun, neuter); (6 der.)
    vātāt (adverb)
    vātāt (adverb)
    vātāt (adverb)
    vātāt (ablative single)
    vātāt (ablative single)
    vātāt (ablative single)
    -> vāta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    vātāt (ablative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
    -> vāta (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    vātāt (ablative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
  • apādī -
  • apad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    apādī (nominative dual)
    apādī (vocative dual)
    apādī (accusative dual)
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    ni (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    ni (nominative single)
    ni (vocative single)
    ni (accusative single)
    ni (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ni (adverb)
    (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    ni (compound)
    ni (adverb)
    ni (nominative single)
    ni (vocative single)
    ni (accusative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ni (adverb)
  • dvandvaduḥkhāni -
  • dvandvaduḥkha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    dvandvaduḥkhāni (nominative plural)
    dvandvaduḥkhāni (vocative plural)
    dvandvaduḥkhāni (accusative plural)
  • rāghava -
  • rāghava (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    rāghava (vocative single)
  • Line 2: “jñānaśaktiṃ vinā kena sahyatāṃ yānti sādhuṣu”
  • jñānaśaktim -
  • jñānaśakti (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    jñānaśaktim (accusative single)
  • vinā -
  • vinā (indeclinable postposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable postposition)
    vi (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vinā (instrumental single)
    vi (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    vinā (instrumental single)
    (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    vinā (instrumental single)
  • kena -
  • kena (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    ka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kena (instrumental single)
    ka (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    kena (instrumental single)
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kena (instrumental single)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (1 der.)
    kena (instrumental single)
  • sahyatām -
  • sahyatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sahyatām (accusative single)
    sah -> sahyat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    sahyatām (genitive plural), from √sah (class 4 verb)
    sah -> sahyat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    sahyatām (genitive plural), from √sah (class 4 verb)
    sah (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    sahyatām (imperative passive third single)
    sah (verb class 10); (1 der.)
    sahyatām (imperative passive third single)
    sah (verb class 4); (3 der.)
    sahyatām (imperative active third dual)
    sahyatām (imperative middle third single)
    sahyatām (imperative passive third single)
  • yānti -
  • yāt (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    yānti (nominative plural)
    yānti (vocative plural)
    yānti (accusative plural)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yānti (present active third plural)
  • sādhuṣu -
  • sādhu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sādhuṣu (locative plural)
    sādhu (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    sādhuṣu (locative plural)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (2.11.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vata (vāta, वात): defined in 2 categories.
Ni (नि, nī, नी): defined in 1 categories.
Raghava (rāghava, राघव): defined in 2 categories.
Jnanashakti (jnanasakti, jñānaśakti, ज्ञानशक्ति): defined in 1 categories.
Vi (वि, vī, वी): defined in 1 categories.
Ka (क): defined in 2 categories.
Yat (yāt, यात्): defined in 1 categories.
Sadhu (sādhu, साधु): defined in 2 categories.

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