Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.28.42

कालः क्रीडत्ययं प्रायः सर्वमापदि पातयन् ।
हेलाविचलिताशेषचतुराचारचञ्चुरः ॥ ४२ ॥

kālaḥ krīḍatyayaṃ prāyaḥ sarvamāpadi pātayan |
helāvicalitāśeṣacaturācāracañcuraḥ || 42 ||

Time is a skilful player and plays many parts with ease; but he is chiefly skilled in tragedy, and often plays his tragic part in the affairs of men.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.28.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kala (+2), Aya (+2), Hela (+1), Catur (+1), Catura (+1), Acara (+2),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.28.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kālaḥ krīḍatyayaṃ prāyaḥ sarvamāpadi pātayan”
  • kālaḥ -
  • kāla (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kālaḥ (nominative single)
  • krīḍatya -
  • krīḍat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    krīḍati (locative single)
    krīḍat (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    krīḍatī (nominative dual)
    krīḍatī (vocative dual)
    krīḍatī (accusative dual)
    krīḍati (locative single)
    krīḍ -> krīḍat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    krīḍati (locative single), from √krīḍ (class 1 verb)
    krīḍ -> krīḍat (participle, neuter); (4 der.)
    krīḍatī (nominative dual), from √krīḍ (class 1 verb)
    krīḍatī (vocative dual), from √krīḍ (class 1 verb)
    krīḍatī (accusative dual), from √krīḍ (class 1 verb)
    krīḍati (locative single), from √krīḍ (class 1 verb)
    krīḍ (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    krīḍati (present active third single)
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ayam (adverb)
    ayam (accusative single)
    idam (pronoun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ayam (nominative single)
    ayam (nominative single)
  • prāyaḥ -
  • prāyas (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    prāyaḥ (adverb)
    prāyaḥ (nominative single)
    prāyaḥ (vocative single)
    prāyaḥ (accusative single)
    prāya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    prāyaḥ (nominative single)
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    sarva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sarvam (adverb)
    sarvam (accusative single)
    sarva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    sarvam (nominative single)
    sarvam (accusative single)
  • āpadi -
  • āpad (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    āpadi (locative single)
  • pātayan -
  • pat -> pātayat (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    pātayan (nominative single), from √pat
    pātayan (vocative single), from √pat
  • Line 2: “helāvicalitāśeṣacaturācāracañcuraḥ”
  • helā -
  • helā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    helā (nominative single)
    helā (nominative single)
  • avicalitā -
  • avicalita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    avicalita (vocative single)
    avicalita (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    avicalita (vocative single)
    avicalitā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    avicalitā (nominative single)
    avicalitā (nominative single)
  • aśeṣa -
  • aśeṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    aśeṣa (vocative single)
    aśeṣa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    aśeṣa (vocative single)
  • caturā -
  • catura (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    catura (vocative single)
    catura (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    catura (vocative single)
    catur (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    caturā (instrumental single)
    caturā (instrumental single)
    caturā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    caturā (nominative single)
    caturā (nominative single)
  • ācāra -
  • ācāra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ācāra (vocative single)
  • cañcuraḥ -
  • cañcura (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    cañcuraḥ (nominative single)
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