Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.28.19

तिर्यक्त्वं पुरुषा यान्ति तिर्यञ्चो नरतामपि ।
देवाश्चादेवतां यान्ति किमिवेह विभो स्थिरम् ॥ १९ ॥

tiryaktvaṃ puruṣā yānti tiryañco naratāmapi |
devāścādevatāṃ yānti kimiveha vibho sthiram || 19 ||

Men degenerate into lower animals, and those again rise to humanity (by metempsychosis), gods become no-gods, and there is nothing that remains the same.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.28.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Purusha (+3), Tiryanc (+2), Deva (+2), Vibhu (+2), Sthira (+2),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.28.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tiryaktvaṃ puruṣā yānti tiryañco naratāmapi”
  • tiryaktvam -
  • tiryaktva (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    tiryaktvam (adverb)
    tiryaktvam (nominative single)
    tiryaktvam (accusative single)
  • puruṣā* -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    puruṣāḥ (nominative plural)
    puruṣāḥ (vocative plural)
  • yānti -
  • yāt (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    yānti (nominative plural)
    yānti (vocative plural)
    yānti (accusative plural)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yānti (present active third plural)
  • tiryañco* -
  • tiryañc (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    tiryañcaḥ (nominative plural)
    tiryañcaḥ (vocative plural)
    tiryañcaḥ (accusative plural)
    tiryañcaḥ (ablative single)
    tiryañcaḥ (genitive single)
    tiryañc (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    tiryañcaḥ (ablative single)
    tiryañcaḥ (genitive single)
  • naratām -
  • naratā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    naratām (accusative single)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
    api (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • Line 2: “devāścādevatāṃ yānti kimiveha vibho sthiram”
  • devāś -
  • deva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    devāḥ (nominative plural)
    devāḥ (vocative plural)
    devā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    devāḥ (nominative plural)
    devāḥ (vocative plural)
    devāḥ (accusative plural)
  • cād -
  • ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    cāt (adverb)
    cāt (ablative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    cāt (adverb)
    cāt (ablative single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    tām (accusative single)
    (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    tām (accusative single)
    tām (accusative single)
  • yānti -
  • yāt (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    yānti (nominative plural)
    yānti (vocative plural)
    yānti (accusative plural)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yānti (present active third plural)
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    kim (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    kim (nominative single)
    kim (accusative single)
  • ive -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iha (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • vibho -
  • vibhu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vibho (vocative single)
    vibhu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vibho (vocative single)
  • sthiram -
  • sthira (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sthiram (adverb)
    sthiram (accusative single)
    sthira (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    sthiram (adverb)
    sthiram (nominative single)
    sthiram (accusative single)
    sthirā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sthiram (adverb)
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