Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.27.41

जनः कामासक्तो विविधकुकलाचेष्टनपरः स तु स्वप्नेऽप्यस्मिञ्जगति सुलभो नाद्य सुजनः ।
क्रिया दुःखासङ्गाऽविधुरविधुरा नूनमखिला न जाने नेतव्या कथमिव दशा जीवितमयी ॥ ४१ ॥

janaḥ kāmāsakto vividhakukalāceṣṭanaparaḥ sa tu svapne'pyasmiñjagati sulabho nādya sujanaḥ |
kriyā duḥkhāsaṅgā'vidhuravidhurā nūnamakhilā na jāne netavyā kathamiva daśā jīvitamayī || 41 ||

Man is addicted to greediness, and is prone to a variety of wicked shifts and plots; a good man is not now to be seen even in a dream, and there is no act which is free from difficulty. I know not how to pass this state of human life.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.27.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jana, Janas, Kamasakta, Vividha, Kuka, Apara, Svapna, Api, Apya, Idam, Jagat, Jagati, Sulabha, Nadya, Sujana, Kriya, Duhkha, Avidhura, Vidhura, Nunam, Akhila, Jani, Netavya, Katham, Katha, Iva, Dasha, Jivita, Ayin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.27.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “janaḥ kāmāsakto vividhakukalāceṣṭanaparaḥ sa tu svapne'pyasmiñjagati sulabho nādya sujanaḥ
  • janaḥ -
  • janas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kāmāsakto* -
  • kāmāsakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vividha -
  • vividha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vividha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vidh (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
    vidh (verb class 6)
    [perfect active second plural]
    vyadh (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • kuka -
  • kuka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kuka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • la (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aceṣṭan -
  • ceṣṭ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • aparaḥ -
  • apara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • svapne' -
  • svapna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    svapna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    svapnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • asmiñ -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • jagati -
  • jagatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jagat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jagat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • sulabho* -
  • sulabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nādya -
  • nādya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nādya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nad -> nādya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √nad]
    nad -> nādya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √nad]
    nad -> nādya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nad]
    nad -> nādya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nad class 1 verb], [vocative single from √nad]
    nad -> nādya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nad class 1 verb], [vocative single from √nad]
  • sujanaḥ -
  • sujana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kriyā duḥkhāsaṅgā'vidhuravidhurā nūnamakhilā na jāne netavyā kathamiva daśā jīvitamayī
  • kriyā* -
  • kriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kriyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [benedictive active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [benedictive active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [benedictive active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [benedictive active second single]
  • duḥkhā -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asaṅgā' -
  • avidhura -
  • avidhura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avidhura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidhurā* -
  • vidhura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vidhurā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nūnam -
  • nūnam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • akhilā* -
  • akhila (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    akhilā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāne -
  • jāna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    jāni (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    jāni (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    jñā (verb class 9)
    [present middle first single]
  • netavyā -
  • netavyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    -> netavyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • daśā* -
  • daśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    daśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jīvitam -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • ayī -
  • ayin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.27.41

Cover of edition (1891)

Yoga Vasistha English (four volumes)
by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891)

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Yoga Vasistha Maha Ramayana (Gujarati)
by Sahitya Sangam, Allahabad (0)

[યોગ વસિષ્ઠએ] 9788192776460.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.27.41 in Gujarati sript:
જનઃ કામાસક્તો વિવિધકુકલાચેષ્ટનપરઃ સ તુ સ્વપ્નેઽપ્યસ્મિઞ્જગતિ સુલભો નાદ્ય સુજનઃ ।
ક્રિયા દુઃખાસઙ્ગાઽવિધુરવિધુરા નૂનમખિલા ન જાને નેતવ્યા કથમિવ દશા જીવિતમયી ॥ ૪૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2019)

Vasishtha Rama Samvadam (Telugu)
by Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad (2019)

Set of 4 Volumes; 9789383972142.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.27.41 in Telugu sript:
జనః కామాసక్తో వివిధకుకలాచేష్టనపరః స తు స్వప్నేఽప్యస్మిఞ్జగతి సులభో నాద్య సుజనః ।
క్రియా దుఃఖాసఙ్గాఽవిధురవిధురా నూనమఖిలా న జానే నేతవ్యా కథమివ దశా జీవితమయీ ॥ ౪౧ ॥

Cover of edition (2009)

The Yogavasistha (Hindi translation)
by Khemraj Shrikrishnadass (2009)

Set of 2 Volumes; Khemraj Edition.

Buy now!
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