Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.27.40

धातुर्नवानि दिवसं प्रति भीषणानि रम्याणि वा विलुलितान्ततमाकुलानि ।
कार्याणि कष्टफलपाकहतोदयानि विस्मापयन्ति न शवस्य मनांसि केषाम् ॥ ४० ॥

dhāturnavāni divasaṃ prati bhīṣaṇāni ramyāṇi vā vilulitāntatamākulāni |
kāryāṇi kaṣṭaphalapākahatodayāni vismāpayanti na śavasya manāṃsi keṣām || 40 ||

The daily and diversified acts of nature are all pernicious in their nature; they appear pleasant and ravishing to the heart for a time, but are attended with pain in the end, and fill the mind of the wise with dismay.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.27.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dhāturnavāni divasaṃ prati bhīṣaṇāni ramyāṇi vā vilulitāntatamākulāni”
  • dhātur -
  • dhātṛ (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dhātuḥ (ablative single)
    dhātuḥ (genitive single)
    dhātu (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    dhātuḥ (nominative single)
    dhātuḥ (nominative single)
    dhātu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dhātuḥ (nominative single)
  • navāni -
  • nava (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    navāni (nominative plural)
    navāni (vocative plural)
    navāni (accusative plural)
    nu (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    navāni (imperative active first single)
    nu (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    navāni (imperative active first single)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    navāni (imperative active first single)
  • divasam -
  • divasa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    divasam (adverb)
    divasam (accusative single)
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    prati (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • bhīṣaṇāni -
  • bhīṣaṇa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    bhīṣaṇāni (nominative plural)
    bhīṣaṇāni (vocative plural)
    bhīṣaṇāni (accusative plural)
  • ramyāṇi -
  • ramya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    ramyāṇi (nominative plural)
    ramyāṇi (vocative plural)
    ramyāṇi (accusative plural)
    ram -> ramya (participle, neuter); (6 der.)
    ramyāṇi (nominative plural), from √ram (class 1 verb)
    ramyāṇi (vocative plural), from √ram (class 1 verb)
    ramyāṇi (accusative plural), from √ram (class 1 verb)
    ramyāṇi (nominative plural), from √ram
    ramyāṇi (vocative plural), from √ram
    ramyāṇi (accusative plural), from √ram
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    vāḥ (adverb)
    vāḥ (nominative single)
    vāḥ (vocative single)
    vār (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    vāḥ (adverb)
    vāḥ (nominative single)
    vāḥ (vocative single)
    vāḥ (accusative single)
    va (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vāḥ (nominative plural)
    vāḥ (vocative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    vāḥ (nominative plural)
    vāḥ (vocative plural)
    vāḥ (accusative plural)
  • vilulitān -
  • vilulita (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vilulitān (accusative plural)
  • tatamā -
  • tatama (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tatama (vocative single)
    tatama (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tatama (vocative single)
    tatamā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    tatamā (nominative single)
    tatamā (nominative single)
    tam (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    tatama (perfect active first single)
  • akulāni -
  • akula (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    akulāni (nominative plural)
    akulāni (vocative plural)
    akulāni (accusative plural)
  • Line 2: “kāryāṇi kaṣṭaphalapākahatodayāni vismāpayanti na śavasya manāṃsi keṣām”
  • kāryāṇi -
  • kārya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural)
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter); (15 der.)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kārya (participle, neuter); (6 der.)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ (class 3 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ (class 3 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ (class 3 verb)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṛ (class 6 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṛ (class 6 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṛ (class 6 verb)
    kṝ -> kārya (participle, neuter); (6 der.)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṝ (class 5 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṝ (class 5 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṝ (class 5 verb)
    kāryāṇi (nominative plural), from √kṝ (class 9 verb)
    kāryāṇi (vocative plural), from √kṝ (class 9 verb)
    kāryāṇi (accusative plural), from √kṝ (class 9 verb)
  • kaṣṭa -
  • kaṣṭa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kaṣṭa (vocative single)
    kaṣṭa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kaṣṭa (vocative single)
    kaṣ -> kaṣṭa (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭa (vocative single), from √kaṣ (class 1 verb)
    kaṣ -> kaṣṭa (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭa (vocative single), from √kaṣ (class 1 verb)
    kaś -> kaṣṭa (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭa (vocative single), from √kaś (class 1 verb)
    kaś -> kaṣṭa (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭa (vocative single), from √kaś (class 1 verb)
  • phalapāka -
  • phalapāka (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    phalapāka (vocative single)
  • hato -
  • hata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    hataḥ (nominative single)
    hatu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    hato (vocative single)
    han -> hata (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    hataḥ (nominative single), from √han (class 1 verb)
    hataḥ (nominative single), from √han (class 2 verb)
    han (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    hataḥ (present active third dual)
  • dayāni -
  • de (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    dayāni (imperative active first single)
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    vi (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    vi (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    vi (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    vi (nominative single)
    vi (vocative single)
    vi (accusative single)
    ve (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vi (adverb)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vi (adverb)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vi (adverb)
    (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    vi (compound)
    vi (adverb)
    vi (nominative single)
    vi (vocative single)
    vi (accusative single)
  • smā -
  • sma (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    smā (indeclinable); (2 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    sma (compound)
    smā (nominative single)
    smā (nominative single)
  • āpayanti -
  • āp -> āpayantī (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    āpayanti (adverb), from √āp
    i -> āpayantī (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    āpayanti (adverb), from √i
    āp -> āpayat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    āpayanti (nominative plural), from √āp
    āpayanti (vocative plural), from √āp
    āpayanti (accusative plural), from √āp
    āp -> āpayantī (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    āpayanti (vocative single), from √āp
    i -> āpayat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    āpayanti (nominative plural), from √i
    āpayanti (vocative plural), from √i
    āpayanti (accusative plural), from √i
    i -> āpayantī (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    āpayanti (vocative single), from √i
    āp (verb class 0); (1 der.)
    āpayanti (present active third plural)
    i (verb class 0); (1 der.)
    āpayanti (present active third plural)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • śavasya -
  • śava (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    śavasya (genitive single)
    śava (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    śavasya (genitive single)
  • manāṃsi -
  • manas (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    manāṃsi (nominative plural)
    manāṃsi (vocative plural)
    manāṃsi (accusative plural)
  • keṣām -
  • ka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    keṣām (genitive plural)
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    keṣām (genitive plural)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (1 der.)
    keṣām (genitive plural)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (1.27.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dhatri (dhatr, dhātṛ, धातृ): defined in 2 categories.
Dhatu (dhātu, धातु): defined in 2 categories.
Nava (नव): defined in 2 categories.
Bhishana (bhisana, bhīṣaṇa, भीषण): defined in 2 categories.
Ramya (रम्य): defined in 2 categories.
Va (व, vā, वा): defined in 2 categories.
Var (vār, वार्): defined in 1 categories.
Karya (kārya, कार्य): defined in 1 categories.
Kashta (kasta, kaṣṭa, कष्ट): defined in 1 categories.
Vi (वि, vī, वी): defined in 1 categories.
Na (न): defined in 2 categories.
Shava (sava, śava, शव): defined in 2 categories.
Manas (मनस्): defined in 2 categories.
Ka (क): defined in 2 categories.

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