Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.27.22

प्रियासुभिः कालमुखं क्रियन्ते जनैडकास्ते हतकर्मबद्धाः ।
यैः पीनतामेव बलादुपेत्य शरीरबाधेन न ते भवन्ति ॥ २२ ॥

priyāsubhiḥ kālamukhaṃ kriyante janaiḍakāste hatakarmabaddhāḥ |
yaiḥ pīnatāmeva balādupetya śarīrabādhena na te bhavanti || 22 ||

Men loving their own lives, and making mouths at the demise of others, are like a herd of sheep bound to the stake, and staring at the slaughter of their fellows, yet feeding themselves to fall as fattened victims to death.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.27.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “priyāsubhiḥ kālamukhaṃ kriyante janaiḍakāste hatakarmabaddhāḥ”
  • priyāsubhiḥ -
  • priyāsu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    priyāsubhiḥ (instrumental plural)
    priyāsu (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    priyāsubhiḥ (instrumental plural)
    priyāsu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    priyāsubhiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • kālamukham -
  • kālamukha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kālamukham (adverb)
    kālamukham (accusative single)
    kālamukha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kālamukham (adverb)
    kālamukham (nominative single)
    kālamukham (accusative single)
    kālamukhā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kālamukham (adverb)
  • kriyante -
  • kṛ (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    kriyante (present passive third plural)
    kṛ (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    kriyante (present passive third plural)
    kṛ (verb class 5); (1 der.)
    kriyante (present passive third plural)
    kṛ (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    kriyante (present passive third plural)
    kṛ (verb class 3); (1 der.)
    kriyante (present passive third plural)
    kṛ (verb class 6); (2 der.)
    kriyante (present middle third plural)
    kriyante (present passive third plural)
  • janai -
  • jana (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    jana (vocative single)
    jana (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    jana (vocative single)
    janā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    janā (nominative single)
    jan (verb class 1); (2 der.)
    jana (imperative active second single)
    janai (imperative middle first single)
    jan (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    janai (imperative middle first single)
  • aiḍakās -
  • aiḍaka (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    aiḍakāḥ (nominative plural)
    aiḍakāḥ (vocative plural)
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (locative single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (locative single)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative single)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    tad (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none); (2 der.)
    te (dative single)
    te (genitive single)
  • hata -
  • hata (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    hata (vocative single)
    hata (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    hata (vocative single)
    han -> hata (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    hata (vocative single), from √han (class 1 verb)
    hata (vocative single), from √han (class 2 verb)
    han -> hata (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    hata (vocative single), from √han (class 1 verb)
    hata (vocative single), from √han (class 2 verb)
    han (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    hata (imperative active second plural)
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    karma (compound)
    karma (adverb)
    karma (nominative single)
    karma (vocative single)
    karma (accusative single)
  • baddhāḥ -
  • baddha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    baddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    baddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    baddhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    baddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    baddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    baddhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • Line 2: “yaiḥ pīnatāmeva balādupetya śarīrabādhena na te bhavanti”
  • yaiḥ -
  • ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    yat (pronoun, neuter); (1 der.)
    yaiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • pīnatām -
  • pīnatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    pīnatām (accusative single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • balād -
  • balāt (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    bala (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    balāt (adverb)
    balāt (ablative single)
    bala (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    balāt (adverb)
    balāt (ablative single)
  • upetya -
  • upetya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    upetya (vocative single)
    upetya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    upetya (vocative single)
  • śarīra -
  • śarīra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    śarīra (vocative single)
  • bādhena -
  • bādha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bādhena (instrumental single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (locative single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (locative single)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (vocative single)
    te (vocative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    tad (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    te (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    te (nominative dual)
    te (accusative dual)
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none); (2 der.)
    te (dative single)
    te (genitive single)
  • bhavanti -
  • bhavanti (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    bhavantī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    bhavanti (adverb)
    bhavanti (vocative single)
    bhavat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    bhavanti (nominative plural)
    bhavanti (vocative plural)
    bhavanti (accusative plural)
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    bhavanti (nominative plural)
    bhavanti (accusative plural)
    bhū (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    bhavanti (present active third plural)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (1.27.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kalamukha (kālamukha, कालमुख): defined in 2 categories.
Jana (जन, janā, जना): defined in 2 categories.
Ta (त, tā, ता): defined in 2 categories.
Yushmad (yusmad, yuṣmad, युष्मद्): defined in 1 categories.
Karman (कर्मन्): defined in 1 categories.
Baddha (बद्ध, baddhā, बद्धा): defined in 2 categories.
Ya (य): defined in 2 categories.
Yah (yaḥ, यः): defined in 1 categories.
Yat (यत्): defined in 1 categories.
Eva (एव): defined in 1 categories.
Bala (बल): defined in 2 categories.
Sharira (sarira, śarīra, शरीर): defined in 2 categories.
Badha (bādha, बाध): defined in 1 categories.
Na (न): defined in 2 categories.
Bhavanti (bhavantī, भवन्ती): defined in 1 categories.
Bhavat (भवत्): defined in 1 categories.

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: