Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.26.25

शुष्यन्त्यपि समुद्राश्च शीर्यन्ते तारका अपि ।
सिद्धा अपि विनश्यन्ति कैवास्था मादृशे जने ॥ २५ ॥

śuṣyantyapi samudrāśca śīryante tārakā api |
siddhā api vinaśyanti kaivāsthā mādṛśe jane || 25 ||

What reliance can there be on men like ourselves, when the very seas are liable to be dried up, when the stars are doomed to fade away and disappear, and when the most perfect of beings are liable to dissolution?

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.26.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śuṣyantyapi samudrāśca śīryante tārakā api”
  • śuṣyantya -
  • śuṣ -> śuṣyat (participle, neuter); (6 der.)
    śuṣyantī (nominative dual), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣyanti (nominative plural), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣyantī (vocative dual), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣyanti (vocative plural), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣyantī (accusative dual), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣyanti (accusative plural), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣ -> śuṣyantī (participle, feminine); (2 der.)
    śuṣyantī (nominative single), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣyanti (vocative single), from √śuṣ (class 4 verb)
    śuṣ (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    śuṣyanti (present active third plural)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
  • samudrāś -
  • samudra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    samudrāḥ (nominative plural)
    samudrāḥ (vocative plural)
    samudrā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    samudrāḥ (nominative plural)
    samudrāḥ (vocative plural)
    samudrāḥ (accusative plural)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • śīryante -
  • śṝ (verb class 9); (1 der.)
    śīryante (present passive third plural)
  • tārakā* -
  • tāraka (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    tārakāḥ (nominative plural)
    tārakāḥ (vocative plural)
    tārakā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    tārakāḥ (nominative plural)
    tārakāḥ (vocative plural)
    tārakāḥ (accusative plural)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
    api (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • Line 2: “siddhā api vinaśyanti kaivāsthā mādṛśe jane”
  • siddhā* -
  • siddha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    siddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    siddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    siddhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    siddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    siddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    siddhāḥ (accusative plural)
    sidh -> siddha (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    siddhāḥ (nominative plural), from √sidh (class 4 verb)
    siddhāḥ (vocative plural), from √sidh (class 4 verb)
    sidh -> siddhā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    siddhāḥ (nominative plural), from √sidh (class 4 verb)
    siddhāḥ (vocative plural), from √sidh (class 4 verb)
    siddhāḥ (accusative plural), from √sidh (class 4 verb)
    sidh -> siddha (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    siddhāḥ (nominative plural), from √sidh (class 1 verb)
    siddhāḥ (vocative plural), from √sidh (class 1 verb)
    sidh -> siddhā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    siddhāḥ (nominative plural), from √sidh (class 1 verb)
    siddhāḥ (vocative plural), from √sidh (class 1 verb)
    siddhāḥ (accusative plural), from √sidh (class 1 verb)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    vi (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    vi (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    vi (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    vi (nominative single)
    vi (vocative single)
    vi (accusative single)
    ve (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vi (adverb)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vi (adverb)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vi (adverb)
    (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    vi (compound)
    vi (adverb)
    vi (nominative single)
    vi (vocative single)
    vi (accusative single)
    vi (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • naśyanti -
  • naśyantī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    naśyanti (adverb)
    naśyanti (vocative single)
    naśyat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    naśyanti (nominative plural)
    naśyanti (vocative plural)
    naśyanti (accusative plural)
    naś -> naśyat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    naśyanti (nominative plural), from √naś (class 4 verb)
    naśyanti (vocative plural), from √naś (class 4 verb)
    naśyanti (accusative plural), from √naś (class 4 verb)
    naś -> naśyantī (participle, feminine); (1 der.)
    naśyanti (vocative single), from √naś (class 4 verb)
    naś (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    naśyanti (present active third plural)
  • kai -
  • (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    ka (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ka (vocative single)
    (pronoun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
  • evās -
  • eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    evāḥ (nominative plural)
    evāḥ (vocative plural)
    evā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    evāḥ (nominative plural)
    evāḥ (vocative plural)
    evāḥ (accusative plural)
  • thā* -
  • tha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    thāḥ (nominative plural)
    thāḥ (vocative plural)
  • mādṛśe -
  • mādṛś (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    mādṛśe (dative single)
    mādṛś (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    mādṛśe (dative single)
    mādṛśa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    mādṛśe (locative single)
    mādṛśa (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    mādṛśe (nominative dual)
    mādṛśe (vocative dual)
    mādṛśe (accusative dual)
    mādṛśe (locative single)
  • jane -
  • jana (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    jane (locative single)
    jana (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    jane (nominative dual)
    jane (vocative dual)
    jane (accusative dual)
    jane (locative single)
    janā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    jane (nominative dual)
    jane (vocative single)
    jane (vocative dual)
    jane (accusative dual)
    jani (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    jane (vocative single)
    jan (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    jane (present middle first single)
    jan (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    jane (present middle first single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (1.26.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ap (अप्): defined in 2 categories.
Samudra (समुद्र, samudrā, समुद्रा): defined in 2 categories.
Ca (च): defined in 1 categories.
Taraka (tāraka, तारक, tārakā, तारका): defined in 3 categories.
Siddha (सिद्ध, siddhā, सिद्धा): defined in 3 categories.
Vi (वि, vī, वी): defined in 1 categories.
Ka (क, kā, का): defined in 2 categories.
Eva (एव, evā, एवा): defined in 1 categories.
Tha (थ): defined in 2 categories.
Jana (जन, janā, जना): defined in 2 categories.

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