Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.18.56

प्रज्ञा वराका सर्वैव कायबद्धास्थयानया ।
मिथ्याज्ञानकुराक्षस्या छलिता कष्टमेकिका ॥ ५६ ॥

prajñā varākā sarvaiva kāyabaddhāsthayānayā |
mithyājñānakurākṣasyā chalitā kaṣṭamekikā || 56 ||

Our reason unaided (by religion) is kept in bondage like a female slave within the prison of our bodies, by the malicious fiend of false knowledge.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.18.56). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prajñā varākā sarvaiva kāyabaddhāsthayānayā”
  • prajñā* -
  • prajña (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    prajñāḥ (nominative plural)
    prajñāḥ (vocative plural)
    prajñā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    prajñāḥ (nominative plural)
    prajñāḥ (vocative plural)
    prajñāḥ (accusative plural)
  • varākā -
  • sarvai -
  • saru (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    sarū (nominative dual)
    sarū (vocative dual)
    sarū (accusative dual)
    saru (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    saru (nominative single)
    saru (vocative single)
    saru (accusative single)
    saru (noun, feminine); (7 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    sarū (nominative dual)
    sarū (vocative dual)
    sarū (accusative dual)
    sarvā (instrumental single)
    sarvai (dative single)
    sarva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sarva (vocative single)
    sarva (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sarva (vocative single)
    sarvā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sarvā (nominative single)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aiva (imperfect active first dual)
  • kāya -
  • kāya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kāya (vocative single)
    kāya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kāya (vocative single)
    ka (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    kāya (dative single)
  • baddhās -
  • baddha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    baddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    baddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    baddhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    baddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    baddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    baddhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • tha -
  • tha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tha (vocative single)
    tha (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tha (vocative single)
  • yānayā -
  • yānā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    yānayā (instrumental single)
  • Line 2: “mithyājñānakurākṣasyā chalitā kaṣṭamekikā”
  • mithyājñāna -
  • mithyājñāna (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    mithyājñāna (vocative single)
  • kurā -
  • kur (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    kura (imperative active second single)
  • akṣasyā -
  • chalitā -
  • chalitā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    chalitā (nominative single)
  • kaṣṭam -
  • kaṣṭam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kaṣṭa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kaṣṭam (adverb)
    kaṣṭam (accusative single)
    kaṣṭa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kaṣṭam (adverb)
    kaṣṭam (nominative single)
    kaṣṭam (accusative single)
    kaṣṭā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭam (adverb)
    kaṣ -> kaṣṭa (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭam (accusative single), from √kaṣ (class 1 verb)
    kaṣ -> kaṣṭa (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    kaṣṭam (nominative single), from √kaṣ (class 1 verb)
    kaṣṭam (accusative single), from √kaṣ (class 1 verb)
    kaś -> kaṣṭa (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    kaṣṭam (accusative single), from √kaś (class 1 verb)
    kaś -> kaṣṭa (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    kaṣṭam (nominative single), from √kaś (class 1 verb)
    kaṣṭam (accusative single), from √kaś (class 1 verb)
  • eki -
  • ekin (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    eki (compound)
    eki (adverb)
    ekin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    eki (compound)
    eki (adverb)
    eki (nominative single)
    eki (vocative single)
    eki (accusative single)
  • -
  • (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    (pronoun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (1.18.56). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prajna (prajña, प्रज्ञ, prajñā, प्रज्ञा): defined in 2 categories.
Saru (सरु): defined in 2 categories.
Kaya (kāya, काय): defined in 1 categories.
Ka (क, kā, का): defined in 2 categories.
Baddha (बद्ध, baddhā, बद्धा): defined in 2 categories.
Tha (थ): defined in 2 categories.
Yana (yānā, याना): defined in 2 categories.
Kashta (kasta, kaṣṭa, कष्ट): defined in 1 categories.

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