by Vihari-Lala Mitra | 1891 | 1,121,132 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519
The English translation of the Yoga-vasistha: a Hindu philosophical and spiritual text written by sage Valmiki from an Advaita-vedanta perspective. The book contains epic narratives similar to puranas and chronologically precedes the Ramayana. The Yoga-vasistha is believed by some Hindus to answer all the questions that arise in the human mind, an...
Argument:—Relation of the desire of the Divine of Divinity as the cause of her sorrow.
The brahman related:—
1. [Sanskrit available]
Now as the world is approaching to its end, and I am going to take my rest in the formless void of the intellect (after dissolution of the material world); it is for this reason that this divinity of worldly desires, is drowned in deep sorrow.
2. [Sanskrit available]
And as I am about to forsake her forever, it is for this very reason, O sage, that she is so very sorry and sick at her heart.
3. [Sanskrit available]
Being myself of an aerial form, when I become one with the supreme spirit (after my leaving the mental sphere); then there takes place the great dissolution of the world with the end of all my desire.
4. [Sanskrit available]
Hence she with deep sorrow pursues my way, for who is there so senseless, that does not follow after the giver of her being.
5. [Sanskrit available]
Now the time is come for the termination of the Kaliyuga, and of the rotation of the four ages; and the dissolution of all living beings, Manus, Indras, and the Gods, is near at hand.
7. [Sanskrit available]
It is now that this personification of my desire, is about to breathe her last; just as the lake of lotuses being dried, the breath of lotus flowers also is lost in the air.
8. [Sanskrit available]
The quiet soul like the calm ocean, is always at a state of rest; unless it is agitated by its fickle desires, as the sea is troubled by its fluctuating waves.
9. [Sanskrit available]
The embodied being (which is confined in the prison house of the human body), has naturally a desire to know the soul, and to [be] freed from its dungeon.
10. [Sanskrit available]
Thus this lady being fraught with spiritual knowledge, and long practiced in yoga meditation; has seen the world you inhabit, and the four different states of its inhabitants. (The gloss explains the four states to mean the four different pursuits of men expressed by Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha).
11. [Sanskrit available]
She traversing through the regions of air, has come to the sight of the aforesaid etherial stone above the polar mountain, which is our celestial abode and the pattern of your world.
12. [Sanskrit available]
Both that world of yours and this abode of ours, rest on a great mountain, which bears upon it many other worlds (invisible to the naked eye).
13. [Sanskrit available]
We also do not see them with our discriminating eye sight, of discerning them separately from one another; but we behold them all commingled in one, in our abstract view of yoga meditation (i.e. The sight of particulars is lost in their abstract meditation).
14. [Sanskrit available]
There are numberless worlds of creations, in earth, water and air and in everything under the sky, as if they are compressed or carved in the body of a huge block of stone.
15. [Sanskrit available]
What you call the world is a mere fallacy, and resembles your vision of a fairy city in dream; it is a false name applied to an object, existing nowhere beyond the intellect (and in the imagination of the mind).
16. [Sanskrit available]
They who have come to know the world, as no other than an airy vision of the mind, are verily called as wise men, and not liable to fall into error.
17. [Sanskrit available]
There [are] others who by their application to and practice of yoga contemplation, come to attain their desired object, as this lady has succeeded to gain your company (for her edification).
18. [Sanskrit available]
Thus doth the illusory power of the intellect, display these material worlds before us; and thus doth the everlasting Divine omnipotence manifest itself (in all these various forms).
19. [Sanskrit available]
There is no action nor any creation, that is ever produced from anything or ever reduced to nothing; but all things and actions are the spontaneous growth of the intellect only; together with our ideas of space and time.
20. [Sanskrit available]
Know the ideas of time and space, of substance and action, as well as of the minds and its faculties, are the lasting figures and marks on the stone of the intellect, and are ever salient in it, without their setting or being shaded at any time.
21. [Sanskrit available]
This intellect is the very stone (we have been talking of), and is either at rest or rolling on as roller or wheel; the worlds appertain to it as its appurtenances, and accompany it as motion doth the wind.
22. [Sanskrit available]
The soul being replete with its full knowledge of all things, is considered as the solid world itself; and though it is infinite in time and space, yet it is thought as limited, owing to its appearance in the form of the bounded and embodied mind.
23. [Sanskrit available]
The unbounded intellect appears as bounded, by its limited knowledge; and although it is formless, yet it appears in the form of the mind, representing the worlds in it.
24. [Sanskrit available]
As the mind views itself in the form of aerial city in its dream, so doth it find itself in the form of this stone, with the worlds marked upon it in the daytime. (The world like the dream, is a transformation or representation of the mind itself).
25. [Sanskrit available]
There is no rolling of the orbs in this world, nor the running of streams herein, there is no object subsisting in reality any where; but they are all mere representations of the mind in empty air.
26. [Sanskrit available]
As there are no kolpa and great kalpa ages in eternity, nor the substantiality of anything in the vacuity of our consciousness; and as there is no difference of the waves and bubbles from the waters of the sea (So there is no difference of the empty thoughts from the vacuous mind; whence they take their rise).
27. [Sanskrit available]
The worlds appearing to be in esse, or existent in the mind and before the eyes; are in reality utterly inexistent in the intellect, which spreads alike as the all pervading and empty vacuum every where. And as all empty space in every place is alike and same with the infinite vacuity; so the forms of things appearing to the limited understanding, are all lost in the unlimited intellect.
28. [Sanskrit available]
Now Vasishtha, go to your place in your own world; and have your peace and bliss in your own seat of samadhi-devotion. Consign your aerial worlds to empty air, while I myself to the supreme Brahma do repair.