by Vihari-Lala Mitra | 1891 | 1,121,132 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519
The English translation of the Yoga-vasistha: a Hindu philosophical and spiritual text written by sage Valmiki from an Advaita-vedanta perspective. The book contains epic narratives similar to puranas and chronologically precedes the Ramayana. The Yoga-vasistha is believed by some Hindus to answer all the questions that arise in the human mind, an...
Argument:—Description of the Intellect, as cause of the appearance and disappearance of the World.
1. The unintelligible objects of thought are phenomena of the intellect; they lie as calmly in the great mass or inert body of the intellect, as the sunbeams shine in the bosom of a clear basin of water (where they retain their light without their heat).
2. The unintelligent world subsists in the intelligent intellect, by its power of intellection; and remains alike with the unlike (i.e. matter with the mind), as the submarine fire resides in the water, and the latent heat with cold.
3. The intelligent and the unintelligent (i.e. the subjective I and
The objective said:—
these) have both their source in the intellection of the intellect, which produces and reduces them from and into itself, as it is the same force of the wind, which kindles as well as extinguishes the fire.
4. Do you rest in the intellect, which remains after negation of your egoism (which is the cause of both the subjective and the objective): and remain in that calm and quiet state of the soul, which results from your thinking in this manner. (i.e. By forgetting yourself, you forget everything else besides the wakeful intellect).
5. Thou art settled in thy form of the intellect, both within and without every thing; as the sweet water remains in and out of a raining cloud. (The gloss explains it saying that, after you are freed from all thoughts, you see the sole Brahma only).
6. There is nothing as I or thou, but all are forms of one intellect, and connected with the same which is Brahma itself; there is none else besides which is endued with intelligence, but the whole is one stupendous intelligence, with which nothing can be compared.
7. It is itself the earth, heaven and nether world, with their inhabitants of men, gods and demigods; and exhibits in itself the various states of their being and actions (as upon its stage).
8. As the world is seen to remain quietly, in its representation map; so doth the universe appear from its portraiture in the vacuum or ample space of the divine mind.
9. Hence we see the various appearances, as the divine mind unfolds from itself and exhibits to view; as it depends on your option, either to view them as animated or inanimated beings; (as you may choose to do the figures of animals, drawn in a picture).
10. These are the wondrous phenomena of the intellect, which appear as so many worlds in the open sky; they are as the mirage spread over by the sunbeams for delusion of the ignorant; while they appear as empty air to the learned, who view them in their true light.
11. As the blinded eye, beholds spectres and spectrums in the clear sky;so doth the world appear as a phantom and phantasmagoria, before the purblind sight of the unspiritual and ignorant people in general.
12. Thus the knowledge of the objective world, and that of the subjective ego, are mere reflections of the ideas in the mind, which appear and disappear by turns; just as a city is gilded or shaded by the falling and failing of the sunbeams thereon; but in this case city houses are realities, but the apparitions of the mind, are as baseless as garden in the empty sky.