by Vihari-Lala Mitra | 1891 | 1,121,132 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519
The English translation of the Yoga-vasistha: a Hindu philosophical and spiritual text written by sage Valmiki from an Advaita-vedanta perspective. The book contains epic narratives similar to puranas and chronologically precedes the Ramayana. The Yoga-vasistha is believed by some Hindus to answer all the questions that arise in the human mind, an...
1. Thinking thus within himself, Hari started from his abode in the Milky Ocean with his companions, and moved like the immovable Mandara mountain with all its accompaniments.
2. He entered the city of Prahlada resembling the metropolis of Indra, by a subterranean passage lying under the waters of the deep. (This passage, says the gloss, leads to the sweta dvipa or white island of Albion—Britain; but literally it means the underground passage of waters).
3. He found here the prince of the Asuras, sitting under a golden dome in his hypnotic trance, like Brahma sitting in his meditative mood in a cavern of the Sumeru mountain. (This shows Brahma the progenitor of mankind or of the Aryan Brahmanic race, to have been a mountaineer of the Altai or N. polar ranges, called Sumeru contra Kumeru—the S. pole).
4. There the Daityas being tinged in their bodies, by the bright rays of Vishnu's person, fled far away from him, like a flock of owls from the bright beams of the rising sun. (The Daityas are night rovers or nisa charas, and cannot maintain their ground at sun rise).
5. Hari then being accompanied by two or three Daitya chiefs entered the apartment of Prahlada, as the bright moon enters the pavilion of the sky at eve, in company with two or three stars beside her. (Moon in Sanskrit is the male consort of the stars, and called Tara-pati).
6. There seated on his eagle and fanned with the flapper of Lakshmi, and armed with his weapons, and beset by the saints hymning his praise:—
7. He said, O great soul! rise from thy trance; and then blew his panchajanya shell, which resounded to the vault of heaven.
8. The loud peal of the Conch, blown by the breath of Vishnu, roared at once like the clouds of the sky, and the waves of the great deluge with redoubled force.
9. Terrified at the sound, the Daityas fell flat and fainting on the ground; as when the flocks of swans and geese, are stunned at the thundering noise of clouds.
10. But the party of Vaishnavas, rejoiced at the sound without the least fear;and they flushed with joy like the Kurchi flowers, blooming at the sound of the clouds. (Kurchi buds are said to blossom in the rains).
12. It was by an act of the excretion of his breathing, that he brought down his vital breath, which was confined in the vertical membrane of the cranium; in the manner that the stream of Ganges gushes out from the high-hill, and mixes and flows with the whole body of waters into the ocean. (So it is with our inspiration and respiration, which carry up and down our vital breath, to and from the sensory of the brain).
13. In a moment the vital breath circulated through the whole body of Prahlada; as the solar beams spread over the whole world soon after they emanate from the solar disk at sun rise.
14. The vital breath, having then entered into the cells of the nine organs of sense;his mind became susceptible of sensations, received through the organs of the body like reflections in a mirror.
15. The intellect desiring to know the objects, and relying in the reflections of the senses, takes the name of the mind; as the reflection of the face in the mirror, refracts itself again to the visual organ.
16. The mind having thus opened or developed itself, his eyelids were about to open of themselves; like the petals of the blue lotus, opening by degrees in the morning.
17. The breathings then, by conveying the sensations to the body, through the veins and arteries, give it the power of motion;as the current breeze moves the lotuses.
18. The same vital breath, strengthened the powers of his mind in a short time; as the billows of a river, become more powerful when it is full of water.
19. At last his eyes being opened, his body shone forth with vivacity, by its mental and vital powers; as the lake blushes with blooming lotuses at the sun's rising above the horizon.
20. At this instant, the lord bade him awake instantly at his word; and he rose as the peacock is awakened, at the roar of a cloud.
21. Finding his eyes shining with lustre, and his mind strong with its past remembrance;the lord of the three worlds, spoke to him in the manner, as he had formerly addressed the lotus-born Brahma himself.
22. O holy youth! remember your large (dominions), and bring to your mind your youthful form and figure; then think and ponder, why you causelessly transform yourself to this torpid state.
23. You who have no good to desire nor any evil to shun, and look on want and plenty in the same light; you must know that what is destined by God, is all for your good.
24. ?missing text?
25. You shall have to live here, in the living liberated state of your mind, and in full possession of your dominions, for a kalpa period;and shall have to pass your time with this body of yours, and without any anxiety or earthly trouble whatever.
26. The body being decayed by this time, you shall have still to abide with your greatness of soul to the end; till the body being broken down like an earthen vessel, the vital life like the contained air of the pot, come to mix with the common air of vacuum.
27. Your body which is liberated in its life time, is to endure in its purity to the end of the kalpa, and will witness generations passing before it without any diminution of itself.
28. The end of the kalpa or doomsday, is yet too far when the twelve suns will shine together; the rocks will melt away, and the world will be burnt down to ashes. Why then do you waste away your body even now?
29. Now the winds are not raging with fury, nor is the world grey with age and covered with ashes over it. The marks on the foreheads of the immortals are still uneffaced, why then waste your body before its time?
30. The lightnings of the deluging clouds, do not now flash nor fall down like asoka flowers, why then do you vainly waste your precious body so prematurely?
31. The skies do not pour out their showers of rain-water on earth, so as to overflood the mountain tops, nor do they burst out in fire and burn them down to ashes; why then do you waste away your body in vain?
32. The old world is not yet dissolved into vapour, nor fused to fumes and smoke; neither are the deities all extinct, after leaving Brahma, Vishnu and Siva to survive them; why then do you waste yourself in vain? (If they are all alive, you should learn to live also).
33. The earth on all sides is yet so submerged under the water, as to present the sight of the high mountains only on it, why then waste you away your body in vain (before the last doom and deluge of the earth?).
34. The sun yet does not dart his fiery rays, with such fury in the sky, as to split the mountains with hideous cracks; nor do the diluvian clouds rattle and crackle in the midway sky; (to presage the last day, why then in vain waste you your body, that is not foreboded to die?).
35. I wander everywhere on my vehicle of the eagle, and take care of all animal beings lest they die before their time, and do not therefore like your negligence of yourself.
36. Here are we and there the hills, these are other beings and that is yourself; this is the earth and that the sky, all these are separate entities and must last of themselves; why then should you neglect your body, and do not live like the living?
37. The man whose mind is deluded by gross ignorance, and one who is the mark of afflictions, is verily led to hail his death. (So the Smriti says:—Very sick and corpulent men have their release in death).
38. Death is welcome to him, who is too weak and too poor and grossly ignorant; and who is always troubled by such and similar thoughts in his mind. (The disturbed mind is death and hell in itself).
39. Death is welcomed by him, whose mind is enchained in the trap of greedy desires and thrills between its hopes and fears; and who is hurried and carried about in quest of greed, and is always restless within himself.
40. He whose heart is parched by the thirst of greed, and whose better thoughts are choked by it, as the sprouts of corn are destroyed by worms; is the person that welcomes his death at all times.
41. He who lets the creeping passions of his heart, grow as big as palm trees, to overshadow the forest of his mind, and bear the fruits of continued pain and pleasure, is the man who hails his death at all times.
42. He whose mind is festered by the weeds of cares, growing as rank as his hair on the body; and who is subject to the incessant evils of life, is the man that welcomes death for his relief.
43. He whose body is burning under the fire of diseases, and whose limbs are slackened by age and weakness, is the man to whom death is a remedy, and who resorts to its aid for relief.
44. He who is tormented by his ardent desires and raging anger, as by the poison of snake biting, is as a withered tree, and invites instant death for his release.
45. It is the soul's quitting the body that is called death; and this is unknown to the spiritualist, who is quite indifferent about the entity and nonentity of the body.
46. Life is a blessing to him, whose thoughts do not rove beyond the confines of himself; and to the wise man also who knows and investigates into the true nature of things.
47. Life is a blessing to him also, who is not given to his egotism, and whose understanding is not darkened by untruth, and who preserves his evenness in all conditions of life.
48. His life is a blessing to him, who has the inward satisfaction and coolness of his understanding, and is free from passions and enmity; and looks on the world as a mere witness, and having his concern with nothing.
49. He is blest in his life, who has the knowledge of whatever is desirable or detestable to him, and lives aloof from both; with all his thoughts and feelings confined within himself; (literally, within his own heart and mind).
50. His life is blest, who views all gross things in the light of nothing, and whose heart and mind are absorbed in his silent and conscious soul. (I.e. who witnesses and watches the emotions and motions of his heart and mind).
51. Blessed is his life, who having his sight represses it from viewing the affairs of the world, as if they are entirely unworthy of him.
52. His life is blessed, who neither rejoices nor grieves at what is desirable or disadvantageous to him; but has his contentment in every state of his life whether favourable or not.
53. He who is pure in his life, and keeps company with pure-minded men; who spreads the purity of his conduct all about, and shuns the society of the impure;is as graceful to behold, as the hoary swan with its snow white wings, in the company of the fair fowls of the silvery lake.
54. Blessed is his life, whose sight and remembrance, and the mention of whose name, give delight to all persons.
55. Know the life of that man, O lord of demons, to be truly happy, whose lotus-like appearance is as delightsome to the beelike eyes of men, as the sight of the full moon is delightful to the world.