Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4

by Vihari-Lala Mitra | 1891 | 1,121,132 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The English translation of the Yoga-vasistha: a Hindu philosophical and spiritual text written by sage Valmiki from an Advaita-vedanta perspective. The book contains epic narratives similar to puranas and chronologically precedes the Ramayana. The Yoga-vasistha is believed by some Hindus to answer all the questions that arise in the human mind, an...

Chapter XII - The tetrads or quadruples of om

I. Tetrads of Om.

We have next to consider the tetrads or quadruple divinities in the quadrants or four fold divisions of the circle of Om consisting of its four letters a, u, or crescent of Om, and the circlet of entire Om styled Chandravindu as given by Professor Monier Williams from the Nirukta of yaska. (Indian Wisdom p. 169).

 

II. In sciences.

1.  The Om of orthographers consisting of the four stages of speech;namely,  ~~ and  ~~

2.  Of Grammarians; the four parts of speech, nouns, verbs, prepositionsand particles.

3.  Of Ritualists; The hymns, liturgical precepts, Brahmanas and ordinarylanguage.

4.  Of philologers or Sabdikas; the speech of serpents, beasts, birds andvernaculars.

5.  Of Etymologists; The Rik, Yajur and Sama Vedas and current language.

6.  Of Spiritualists; The language of beasts, wild animals, musicalinstruments and soul.

7.  Of Manu (IV. 126). The Pranava and the three Vyabrities. ( ~~).

8.  Of Manu (IV. 124). The Rik sacred to the gods, the Yajur relating tomankind and the Sama concerning the manes, and its sound.

9.  Of Smartas; The four stages;—of students, householders, mendicants and ascetics.

10.           Of Puranas. The four Ages;—Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali. The four castes &c.

 

III. In Divinity

1.  The 4 Conditions of Brahma.

A for avia or Vyapta—pervading all worlds, represents the divine hypostasis of Viswa.

u said:—

for Utkarshat, i. e., more elevated than A; as the Taijas than Visva. ( ~~).

M said:—

for mana or measure, as the prajna like a prastha measures the above two. ( ~~).

om said:—

i. e., the entire and without parts, is the fourth and perfect condition of Brahma. ( ~~).

 

2.  The 4 states of the Soul.

A for the waking (Jagrat) state, when the soul is subject to gross senses.

u said:—

for the swapna or dreaming state, when the soul is withdrawn from visible objects.

M said:—

the susupta or sound sleeping state, in which the soul is unconscious of itself.

om said:—

the absolute and perfect state of the soul viewing all in itself.

 

3.  The 4 Manifestations of God.

A said:—

is external manifestation of the Universal soul in objects.

u said:—

Internal manifestation perceived in the operations of the soul in dream.

M said:—

unmanifested existence; or the self consciousness of the soul.

Om said:—

Unmanifest state of the soul, unmodified and inactive state.

 

4.  The 4 Titles of the soul.

A said:—

Viswa or Vaiswanara who abides manifest in the waking state.

U said:—

taijasa said:—

abiding in dreams and knowing all without objects.

M said:—

Prajna, the perfect wise abiding in deep sleep.

om said:—

Absolute Brahma called Turiya which is perfect and all knowing.

 

 The Four fold Tetrads.

 i.

 a said:—

Aptah, pervading.

 u said:—

Utkarsha, Exalted.

 m said:—

Mana, Measure.

 om said:—

Brahma, Absolute.

 

 II.

 Jagrat, Waking.

 Swapna, Dreaming.

 Susupti, Sleeping. 

Sthira, Calm.

 

 iii.

 a said:—

Vyakta, external state.

 u said:—

Antar, internal state.

 m said:—

Avyakta, unmanifested. 

Om said:—

Ananta, Infinity.

 

 IV.

 Viswa, the visible world.

 Taijasa, the thinking soul.

 Pragna, Consciousness.

 Turiya, Omniscience.