Yoga-sutras (with Vyasa and Vachaspati Mishra)

by Rama Prasada | 1924 | 154,800 words | ISBN-10: 9381406863 | ISBN-13: 9789381406861

The Yoga-Sutra 4.30, English translation with Commentaries. The Yoga Sutras are an ancient collection of Sanskrit texts dating from 500 BCE dealing with Yoga and Meditation in four books. It deals with topics such as Samadhi (meditative absorption), Sadhana (Yoga practice), Vibhuti (powers or Siddhis), Kaivaly (isolation) and Moksha (liberation).

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Sūtra 4.30:

ततः क्लेशकर्मनिवृत्तिः ॥ ४.३० ॥

tataḥ kleśakarmanivṛttiḥ || 4.30 ||

tataḥ—thence, kleśa-karma—of action and afflictions, nivṛttiḥ—the removal.

30. Thence the removal of actions and afflictions—190.

The Sankhya-pravachana commentary of Vyasa

[English translation of the 7th century commentary by Vyāsa called the Sāṅkhya-pravacana, Vyāsabhāṣya or Yogabhāṣya]

[Sanskrit text for commentary available]

By the attainment thereof, the affliction of Nescience, etc., are removed, even to the very root. And the good and bad vehicles of action are utterly uprooted. On the afflictions and the actions being removed, the wise man becomes free even while alive (the jīvanmukta). How? Because Unreal Cognitions are the cause of existence. No one being free from the affliction of Unreal Cognitions is seen being born by anybody anywhere.—190.

The Gloss of Vachaspati Mishra

[English translation of the 9th century Tattvavaiśāradī by Vācaspatimiśra]

Thus does he become capable of restraining that. And now describes the object thereof:—‘Thence the removal of actions and afflictions.’ But then how does it come to pass that the wise become free while yet in the bonds of life? Gives the answer:—‘Because, &c.’ It is the vehicle of action grown strong by the residua of afflictions and actions that surely becomes the cause of life-state, &c.’ And when there is no root, the shoots thereof cannot exist. As says on this subject the revered Akṣapāda:—‘By not seeing the birth of one who has no desires.’—30.

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