Visvaksena-samhita [sanskrit]

33,819 words | ISBN-13: 9788179070383

The Sanskrit text of the Visvaksena-samhita, an ancient Vaishnava Agama, belonging to the Pancaratra tradition. An important topic discussed in the Samhita is that Aniruddha created Brahma and Brahma created all the men and women of the four castes. Visvaksena (lit. “lord of hosts”) is a sort of chief minister to God in all heavenly and mundane affairs. Alternative titles: Viśvaksenāsaṃhitā (विश्वक्सेनासंहिता), Viśvaksenā-saṃhitā (विश्वक्सेना-संहिता), Vishvaksenasamhita, Vishvaksena, Visvaksenasamhita.

Verse 1.7

पीतवर्णा तु वैश्यस्य कृष्णा शूद्रस्य कीर्तिता ।
ब्राह्मणी घृतगन्धा स्यात् क्षत्रिया रक्तगन्धिनी ॥ 7 ॥

pītavarṇā tu vaiśyasya kṛṣṇā śūdrasya kīrtitā |
brāhmaṇī ghṛtagandhā syāt kṣatriyā raktagandhinī || 7 ||

The English translation of Visvaksena-samhita Verse 1.7 is contained in the book The Pancaratra Agamas (an Introduction) by Swami Harshananda. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Swami Harshananda (2002)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishya, Krishna, Shudra, Kirtita, Syat, Sya, Kshatriya, Rakta, Gandhi, Gandhin, Gandhini,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Visvaksena-samhita Verse 1.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pītavarṇā tu vaiśyasya kṛṣṇā śūdrasya kīrtitā
  • pītavarṇā -
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vaiśyasya -
  • vaiśya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    vaiśya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • kṛṣṇā -
  • kṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śūdrasya -
  • śūdra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • kīrtitā -
  • kīrtitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kīrt -> kīrtitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kīrt class 10 verb]
  • Line 2: “ brāhmaṇī ghṛtagandhā syāt kṣatriyā raktagandhinī
  • Cannot analyse *brāhmaṇī*gh
  • ghṛtagandhā -
  • syāt -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • kṣatriyā* -
  • kṣatriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣatriyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • rakta -
  • rakta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rakta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rag -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √rag class 1 verb]
    rag -> rakta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √rag class 1 verb]
    raj -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √raj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √raj class 4 verb]
    raj -> rakta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √raj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √raj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rañj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> rakta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √rañj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rañj class 4 verb]
  • gandhinī -
  • gandhinī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    gandhi (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    gandhin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
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