Vakyapadiya of Bhartrihari

by K. A. Subramania Iyer | 1965 | 391,768 words

The English translation of the Vakyapadiya by Bhartrihari including commentary extracts and notes. The Vakyapadiya is an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with the philosophy of language. Bhartrhari authored this book in three parts and propounds his theory of Sphotavada (sphota-vada) which understands language as consisting of bursts of sounds conveyi...

This book contains Sanskrit text which you should never take for granted as transcription mistakes are always possible. Always confer with the final source and/or manuscript.

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of verse 3.6.14:

अदेशाश्चाप्यभागाश्च निष्क्रमा निरूपाश्रयाः ।
भावाः संसर्गिरूपात्तु शक्तिभेदः प्रकल्पते ॥ १४ ॥

adeśāścāpyabhāgāśca niṣkramā nirūpāśrayāḥ |
bhāvāḥ saṃsargirūpāttu śaktibhedaḥ prakalpate || 14 ||

14. Objects are (in themselves) without regions, divisions, sequence and contingencies. Variation in their power takes place because of difference in their associations.

Commentary

[Why not assume that things have a special disposition of parts in their own nature? Why bring in Dik to explain this? The answer is: Things like ākāśa which are all-pervasive have no divisions at all. Material wholes have no divisions which are part of their own nature. In both cases, parts are artificially made. If they have no parts, there cannot be any question of sequence of these parts. Because of difference in their associations, they seem to have varia- lion of power and so appear to have divisions and sequence. In the same way, when divisions in them are brought about by Dik, we describe them as prior and posterior.]

It is now explained how visible material wholes are really partless.

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