Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary

by Nandalal Sinha | 1923 | 149,770 words | ISBN-13: 9789332869165

The Vaisheshika-sutra 10.2.5, English translation, including commentaries such as the Upaskara of Shankara Mishra, the Vivriti of Jayanarayana-Tarkapanchanana and the Bhashya of Chandrakanta. The Vaisheshika Sutras teaches the science freedom (moksha-shastra) and the various aspects of the soul (eg., it's nature, suffering and rebirth under the law of karma). This is sutra 5 (‘conjunction is a non-combinative cause’) contained in Chapter 2—Of Other Forms of Cognition—of Book X (of the differences of the attributes of the soul and of the threefold causes).

Sūtra 10.2.5 (Conjunction is a non-combinative cause)

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of Vaiśeṣika sūtra 10.2.5:

कारणसमवायात् संयोगः पटस्य ॥ १०.२.५ ॥

kāraṇasamavāyāt saṃyogaḥ paṭasya || 10.2.5 ||

kāraṇa-samavāyāt—through combination in the cause; saṃyogaḥ—conjunction; paṭasya—of the cloth.

5. Through combination in the (combinative) cause, Conjunction (is a non-combinative cause) of the cloth.

Commentary: The Upaskāra of Śaṅkara Miśra:

(English rendering of Śaṅkara Miśra’s commentary called Upaskāra from the 15th century)

He states that the minor proximity belongs to conjunction while it is a non-combinative cause in the origination of substances;

[Read sūtra 10.2.5 above]

The meaning is that, through combination in the combinative cause, conjunction also is a non-combinative cause, in the production of effects such as a piece of cloth, etc., by means of the proximity characterised, as combination in the same object with the effect. The word ‘cloth’ indicates product substance in general.

A certain author maintains that if, on the other hand, conjunction of part with part be also a non-combinative cause of a piece of cloth and the like, then combination in the same object with the cause is also (a non-combinative cause).—5.

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