Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary

by Nandalal Sinha | 1923 | 149,770 words | ISBN-13: 9789332869165

The Vaisheshika-sutra 9.1.2, English translation, including commentaries such as the Upaskara of Shankara Mishra, the Vivriti of Jayanarayana-Tarkapanchanana and the Bhashya of Chandrakanta. The Vaisheshika Sutras teaches the science freedom (moksha-shastra) and the various aspects of the soul (eg., it's nature, suffering and rebirth under the law of karma). This is sutra 2 (‘consequent non-existence also is proved by perception and inference’) contained in Chapter 1—Of Ordinary Perception of Non-Existence and of Transcendental Perception—of Book IX (of ordinary and transcendental cognition...).

Sūtra 9.1.2 (Consequent non-existence also is proved by perception and inference)

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of Vaiśeṣika sūtra 9.1.2:

सदसत् ॥ ९.१.२ ॥

sadasat || 9.1.2 ||

sat—existent; a-sat—non-existent.

2. The existent (becomes) non-existent.

Commentary: The Upaskāra of Śaṅkara Miśra:

(English rendering of Śaṅkara Miśra’s commentary called Upaskāra from the 15th century)

He states that another (form of) non-existence is established by the force of cognition.

[Read sūtra 9.1.2 above]

As the non-existence of the effect, prior to the operation of the cause, is proved by perception and inference, so is it proved by perception and inference, after the operation of a club, etc., which destroys it, that a really existent effect, e.g., a water-pot, etc., is now nonexistent. And this same non-existence is commonly described as. annihilation or destruction (or consequent or emergent non-existence.) For there arise such cognitions as that the water-pot is now destroyed, annihilated, that the letter ga which was heard before, no longer exists, etc. This is the import.—2.

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