Mahabharata (English)

by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | 2,566,952 words | ISBN-10: 8121505933

The English translation of the Mahabharata is a large text describing ancient India. It is authored by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa and contains the records of ancient humans. Also, it documents the fate of the Kauravas and the Pandavas family. Another part of the large contents, deal with many philosophical dialogues such as the goals of life. Book...

Section CLXII

"Sanjaya said,

'Having reached the Pandava camp, the gambler’s son (Uluka) presented himself before the Pandavas, and addressing Yudhishthira said, 'You are fully conversant with what envoys say! It behoves you not, therefore, to be angry with me if I repeat those words only which Duryodhana has instructed me to tell!'

"Hearing this, Yudhishthira said,

'You have no fear., O Uluka! Tell us, without any anxiety what are the views of the covetous Duryodhana of limited sight!'

Then in the midst and presence of the illustrious and high-souled Pandavas, of the Srinjayas, and Krishna possessed of great fame, of Drupada with his sons, of Virata, and of all monarchs, Uluka said these words.'

"Uluka said,

'Even this is what the high-souled king Duryodhana has in the presence of all the Kuru heroes, said unto you! Listen to those words, O Yudhishthira! You were defeated at dice, and Krishna was brought into the assembly! At this, a person who regards himself a man would be justified in giving way to wrath! For twelve years were you banished from home into the woods! For one whole year didst you live in Virata’s service. Remembering the reason there is for wrath, your exile, and the persecution of Krishna, be a man, O son of Pandu! Though weak, Bhima yet, O Pandava, made a vow! Let him, if able, drink the blood of Dussasana! Your weapons have been properly worshipped and their presiding deities have been invoked! The field of Kurukshetra also is without mire. The roads are even. Your steeds are well-fed. Engage in battle, therefore, on the morrow, with Kesava as your ally!

Without having yet approached Bhishma in battle, why dost you indulge in boasts? Like a fool that boasts of his intention to ascend the mountains of Gandhamadana, you, O son of Kunti, art indulging in a vain boast. Without having vanquished in battle the Suta’s son (Karna) who is invincible, and Salya, that foremost of mighty persons, and that first of all warriors and equal unto Sachi’s lord himself in combat, why, O son of Pritha, dost you wish for sovereignty?

A preceptor in both the Vedas and the bow, he has reached the end of both these branches of learning. You desirest in vain, O son of Pritha, to vanquish that leader of troops, the illustrious Drona, who fightest in the van, is incapable of being agitated, and whose strength knows no diminution. Never have we heard that the mountains of Sumeru have been crushed by the wind! But the wind will bear away Sumeru, heaven itself will fall down on the earth, the very Yugas will be reversed if what you have said unto me really takes place!

Who is there fond of life, fighting from the back of an elephant or of a horse or from a car, that would return home (safe and sound), after having encountered that grinder of foes?

What creature treading the earth with his feet, would escape with life from battle, having been attacked by Drona and Bhishma, or pierced with their terrible shafts?

Like a frog within a well, why dost you not realise the strength of this assembled host of monarchs, which resembles the very celestial host, and which is protected by these kings like the gods protecting theirs in heaven, and which, swarming with the kings of the East, West, South, and North, with Kamvojas, Sakas, Khasas, Salvas, Matsyas, Kurus of the middle country, Mlecchas, Pulindas, Dravidas, Andhras, and Kanchis, indeed, with many nations, all addressed for battle, is uncrossable like the swollen tide of Ganga? O fool of little understanding, how will you fight with me while I am stationed in the midst of my elephant force?'

'Having said these words unto king Yudhishthira, the son of Dharma, Uluka, turning his face then towards Jishnu, said unto him these words,

'Fight without bragging, O Arjuna! Why dost you brag so much? Success results from the application of method. A battle is never won by bragging. If acts in this world, O Dhananjaya, succeeded in consequence only of boasts, then all men would have succeeded in their objects, for who is there that is not competent to brag? I know that you have Vasudeva for your ally. I know that your Gandiva is full six cubits long. I know that there is no warrior equal to you. Knowing all this, I retain your kingdom yet! A man never wins success in consequence of the attribute of lineage. It is the Supreme Ordainer alone who by his fiat makes (things hostile) friendly and subservient. For these thirteen years have I enjoyed sovereignty, while you were weeping! I shall continue to rule in the same way, slaying you with your kinsmen! Where was your Gandiva then when you were made a slave won at dice?

Where, O Phalguni, was Bhimasena’s might then? Your deliverance then came neither from Bhimasena armed with mace, nor from you armed with Gandiva, but from faultless Krishna. It was she, the daughter of Prishata’s house, that delivered you all, sunk in slavery, engaged in occupations worthy only of the low, and working as servitors! I characterised you as sesame seeds without kernel. That is very true, for, did not Partha bear a braid while living in Virata’s city? In the cooking apartments of Virata, Bhimasena was fatigued with doing the work of a cook. Even this, O son of Kunti, is (evidence of) your manliness! Flying from an encounter with braids and waist-bands thyself binding your hair into a braid, you were employed in teaching the girls to dance! It is thus that Kshatriyas always inflict punishment on a Kshatriya! From fear of Vasudeva, or from fear of thyself, O Phalguni, I will not give up the kingdom.

Fight, with Kesava as your ally! Neither deception, nor conjuror’s tricks, nor jugglery can terrify an armed man ready for fight. On the other hand, all this provokes only his wrath! A thousand Vasudevas, a hundred Falgunis, approaching me whose aim and weapons never go for nothing, will fly away in all directions, Encounter Bhishma in combat, or pierce the hills with your head, or cross with the aid of your two arms the vast and deep main!

As regards my army, it is a veritable ocean with Saradvat’s son as its large fish; Vivingsati, its smaller fish; Vrihadvala its waves; Somadatta’s son its whale; Bhishma its mighty force; Drona its unconquerable alligator; Karna and Salya, its fishes and whirlpools; Kamvoja its equine head vomiting fire, Jayadratha its (submarine) rock, Purumitra its depth, Durmarshana its waters, and Sakuni its shores!

When having plunged into this swelling ocean with its inexhaustible waves of weapons you will from fatigue be deprived of your senses, and have all your relatives and friends slain, then will repentance possess your heart! Then will your heart turn away, O Partha, from the thought of ruling the earth like the heart of a person of impure deeds turning away from (hope of) heaven. Indeed, for you to win a kingdom to rule is as impossible as for one not possessed of ascetic merit to obtain heaven!'"

Conclusion:

This concludes Section CLXII of Book 5 (Udyoga Parva) of the Mahabharata, of which an English translation is presented on this page. This book is famous as one of the Itihasa, similair in content to the eighteen Puranas. Book 5 is one of the eighteen books comprising roughly 100,000 Sanskrit metrical verses.

FAQ (frequently asked questions):

Which keywords occur in Section CLXII of Book 5 of the Mahabharata?

The most relevant definitions are: Uluka, Bhishma, Yudhishthira, Krishna, Virata, Pandava; since these occur the most in Book 5, Section CLXII. There are a total of 58 unique keywords found in this section mentioned 98 times.

What is the name of the Parva containing Section CLXII of Book 5?

Section CLXII is part of the Uluka Dutagamana Parva which itself is a sub-section of Book 5 (Udyoga Parva). The Uluka Dutagamana Parva contains a total of 39 sections while Book 5 contains a total of 4 such Parvas.

Can I buy a print edition of Section CLXII as contained in Book 5?

Yes! The print edition of the Mahabharata contains the English translation of Section CLXII of Book 5 and can be bought on the main page. The author is Kisari Mohan Ganguli and the latest edition (including Section CLXII) is from 2012.

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