The Agni Purana

by N. Gangadharan | 1954 | 360,691 words | ISBN-10: 8120803590 | ISBN-13: 9788120803596

This page describes The creation of Svayambhuva Manu which is chapter 107 of the English translation of the Agni Purana, one of the eighteen major puranas dealing with all topics concerning ancient Indian culture, tradition and sciences. Containing roughly 15,000 Sanskrit metrical verses, subjects contained in the Agni-Purana include cosmology, philosophy, architecture, iconography, economics, diplomacy, pilgrimage guides, ancient geography, gemology, ayurveda, etc.

Chapter 107 - The creation of Svāyambhuva Manu

[Sanskrit text for this chapter is available]

Fire-god said:

1-3. I shall describe the different worlds, the earth and the continents. King Priyavrata had ten sons Agnīdhra, Agnibāhu, Vapuṣmān, Dyutimān, Medhā, Medhātithi, Bhavya, Savana, Jyotiṣmān, and Satya. The father gave them seven continents as follows: He gave Jambūdvīpa to Agnīdhra and Plakṣa to Medhātithi.

4. He gave (the continent of) Śālmala to Vapuṣmān, (continent) Kuśa to Jyotiṣmān, continent of Krauñca to Dyutimān and (continent of) Śāka to Bhavya.

5. He gave Puṣkara to Savana. What Jambūdvīpa was given to Agnīdhra by his father (was divided by him and given to his sons). He gave (the country) called Hima to Nābhi.

6. (He gave) Hemakūṭa to Kimpuruṣa, Naiṣadha to Harivarṣa, central Meru to Ilāvṛta, Nilācala (Nīla mountains) to Ramya.

7. (He gave) Śvetavarṣa to Hiraṇvat, Kuru to Kuru, Bhadrāśva to Bhadrāśva, western (countries) to Ketumāla.

8. The king having established the sons of Priyavrata (in the regions) of Meru, went to the forest. After having performed penance, he reached god Hari.

9. O Foremost among beings I the eight countries Kimpuruṣa and others by nature abound in happiness and felicity and have natural perfection.

10. There is no fear of old age or death, (adherence or non-observance of) moral obligations relating to yuga periods, or lower or middle class of beings in (the country) of Hima.

11. Ṛṣabha was born to Nābhi through Meru. Bharata was born to Ṛṣabha. After having entrusted the kingdom to his son, Ṛṣabha resorted to Śālagrāma and attained Hari.

12. The country was called Bhārata after the name Bharata. Sumati was born to Bharata. Bharata resorted to Śālagrāma (to worship) Hari after entrusting his kingdom (to his son).

13. He became a yogin (on practising yoga). I shall describe his life later at the time of narration of yoga. From Sumati, Tejas (was born). Indradyumna was born from him.

14-15. Parameṣṭhī was born from him and Pratīhāra was born then. Pratihartā. (was born) from Pratīhāra and then Bhuva, Udgītha and Prastāra from Pratihartā. Vibhu was the son of Prastāra. Then (was born) Pṛthu and Nakta. Gaya was the son of Nakta.

16. Nara was the son of Gaya. Then Virāṭ was his son. Mahāvīrya was the son (of Virāṭ). Dhīmān was born to him.

17. Mahānta was his son. Manasya was his (Mahānta’s) son. (Then) Tvaṣṭā (was born to him). Virajā (was born) to Tvaṣṭā. Raja was his son.

18. Satyajit (was born) to Raja. O Sage! one hundred sons were born to him. They were the lights of the universe. The (country of) Bhārata was well-developed by them. The creation of the Svāyambhuva (Manu) was remembered (so far) relating to Kṛta and Tretā (yugas).

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