Tantraloka [sanskrit text]

by Jun Takashima | 2020 | 46,255 words

The Sanskrit text of the Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta including grammatical analysis, English glossary and comparative print editions. The Tantraloka (“light on Tantra”) was written by Abhinavagupta in the 10th century in Kashmir and represents a major Encyclopedic work in Shaivism dealing with many core aspects and terminology.

अवश्योपेत्यमेवैतच्छास्त्रनिष्ठानिरूपणम् ।
प्रधानेऽङ्गे कृतो यत्नः फलवान्वस्तुतो यतः ॥ ४२ ॥

avaśyopetyamevaitacchāstraniṣṭhānirūpaṇam |
pradhāne'ṅge kṛto yatnaḥ phalavānvastuto yataḥ || 42 ||

The English translation of Tantraloka Verse 35.42 is contained in the book Sri Tantraloka by Satya Prakash Singh & Swami Maheshvarananda. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Prakash Singh & Swami Maheshvarananda (2015)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (35.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avashya, Upetya, Eva, Etad, Shastra, Nishtha, Rupana, Pradhana, Anga, Krit, Krita, Yatna, Phalavat, Yat, Yata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Tantraloka Verse 35.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “avaśyopetyamevaitacchāstraniṣṭhānirūpaṇam”
  • avaśyo -
  • avaśyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    avaśyā (nominative single)
  • upetyam -
  • upetya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    upetyam (adverb)
    upetyam (accusative single)
    upetya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    upetyam (adverb)
    upetyam (nominative single)
    upetyam (accusative single)
    upetyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    upetyam (adverb)
  • evai -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    evā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    evā (nominative single)
  • etacch -
  • etad (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (adverb)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (vocative single)
    etad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (accusative single)
  • śāstra -
  • śāstra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    śāstra (vocative single)
  • niṣṭhāni -
  • niṣṭha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    niṣṭhāni (nominative plural)
    niṣṭhāni (vocative plural)
    niṣṭhāni (accusative plural)
  • rūpaṇam -
  • rūpaṇa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    rūpaṇam (adverb)
    rūpaṇam (nominative single)
    rūpaṇam (accusative single)
  • Line2: “pradhāne'ṅge kṛto yatnaḥ phalavānvastuto yataḥ”
  • pradhāne' -
  • pradhāna (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    pradhāne (locative single)
    pradhāna (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    pradhāne (nominative dual)
    pradhāne (vocative dual)
    pradhāne (accusative dual)
    pradhāne (locative single)
    pradhānā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    pradhāne (nominative dual)
    pradhāne (vocative single)
    pradhāne (vocative dual)
    pradhāne (accusative dual)
  • aṅge -
  • aṅga (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    aṅge (locative single)
    aṅga (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    aṅge (nominative dual)
    aṅge (vocative dual)
    aṅge (accusative dual)
    aṅge (locative single)
  • kṛto* -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    kṛtaḥ (nominative plural)
    kṛtaḥ (vocative plural)
    kṛtaḥ (accusative plural)
    kṛtaḥ (ablative single)
    kṛtaḥ (genitive single)
    kṛt (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    kṛtaḥ (ablative single)
    kṛtaḥ (genitive single)
    kṛta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kṛtaḥ (nominative single)
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine); (4 der.)
    kṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 1 verb)
    kṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 2 verb)
    kṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 5 verb)
    kṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √kṛ (class 8 verb)
    kṛ (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    kṛtaḥ (present active third dual)
  • yatnaḥ -
  • yatna (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yatnaḥ (nominative single)
  • phalavān -
  • phalavat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    phalavān (nominative single)
  • vastuto* -
  • vastutaḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • yataḥ -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yataḥ (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    yat (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    yataḥ (accusative plural)
    yataḥ (ablative single)
    yataḥ (genitive single)
    yat (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    yataḥ (ablative single)
    yataḥ (genitive single)
    yata (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yataḥ (nominative single)
    i -> yat (participle, masculine); (3 der.)
    yataḥ (accusative plural), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yataḥ (ablative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yataḥ (genitive single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> yat (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    yataḥ (ablative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yataḥ (genitive single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    yataḥ (nominative single), from √yam (class 1 verb)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Tantraloka Verse 35.42

Cover of edition (2000)

Sri Tantraloka (Set of 8 Volumes)
by Paramahansa Mishra (2000)

[श्री तन्त्रालोकः (संस्कृत एवं हिंदी अनुवाद)] Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Published by Sampurnanand Sanskrit University; With two commentaries: Viveka (विवेक) by Ācārya Śrī Jayaratha and Nīrakṣīraviveka (नीरक्षीरविवेक) by Paramhans Mishra.

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Cover of edition (2002)

Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta (with Jnanavati Hindi commentary)
by Radheshyam Chaturvedi (2002)

[आचार्य अभिनवगुप्त द्वारा रचित तंत्रलोक: संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद (पाँच खंडों में)] Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation and Commentary; Published by Chaukhambha Vidya Bhawan.

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Cover of edition (2018)

Sri Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta
by Giriratna Misra (2018)

With Viveka Saṃskṛta Commentary by Rājānaka Jayaratha; Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Sarveshwari English commentary; With Glossary and Central Idea of Each Śloka; Published by Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan

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